We can use the -ing form of the verb:

• as a noun:

I love swimming.
Swimming is very good for your health.
You can get fit by swimming regularly.

-ing nouns are nearly always uncount nouns

  • as an adjective:

The main problem today is rising prices.
That programme was really boring.
He saw a woman lying on the floor.

Because the -ing noun or adjective is formed from a verb it can have any of the patterns which follow a verb, for example:

  • ... an object:

I like playing tennis.
Can you imagine living on the moon?

  • ... or an adverbial:

You can earn a lot of money by working hard.
There were several people waiting for the bus.

  • ... or a clause:

I heard someone saying that.

The -ing noun can be used:

  • as the subject of a verb:

Learning English is not easy.

  • as the object of a verb:

We enjoy learning English.

Common verbs followed by an -ing object are:


admit like hate start avoid
suggest enjoy dislike begin finish
  • as the object of a preposition

Some people are not interested in learning English.

The -ing adjective can come:

  • in front of a noun:

I read an interesting article in the newspaper today.
We saw a really exciting match on Sunday.

 The commonest –ing adjectives used in front of the noun are


amusing interesting worrying shocking disappointing
boring surprising  exciting terrifying frightening
tiring annoying      


  • after a noun:

Who is that man standing over there?
The boy talking to Angela is her younger brother.

  • and especially after verbs like see, watch, hear, smell etc.

I heard someone playing the piano.
I can smell something burning.





Hi Rony

When you click finish, the correct answers appear.

Does that work for you?



The LearnEnglish Team

Grammar is not dificult for spaniers. The problem is our vocabulary and speak.

Cam some oneone help me. I am getting xml config loading error while loading excecise section.

Hello Srikanth,
We know about this problem that some users are having and are trying our best to solve it. Sorry for any inconvenience.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

It is really helpful. love it

This is very interesting. I like to do this exercises very much.

 it was nice to do this exercise
Thank you 

 anyone can help ,me i didnt understand the question ....
how to resolve ?

it's hard ..............

this is the first exam i toke agood marks.i wish to improve my English soon