irregular verbs

 

 

Most verbs have past tense and past participle in –ed ( worked, played, listened). But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle

be
begin
break
bring
buy
build
choose
come
cost
cut
do
draw
drive
eat
feel
find
get
give
go
have
hear
hold
keep
know
leave
lead
let
lie
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
run
say
see
sell
send
set
sit
speak
spend
stand
take
teach
tell
think
understand
wear
win
write

was/were
began
broke
brought
bought
built
chose
came
cost
cut
did
drew
drove
ate
felt
found
got
gave
went
had
heard
held
kept
knew
left
led
let
lay
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
set
sat
spoke
spent
stood
took
taught
told
thought
understood
wore
won
wrote
been
begun
broken
brought
bought
built
chosen
come
cost
cut
done
drawn
driven
eaten
felt
found
got
given
gone
had
heard
held
kept
known
left
led
let
lain
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
run
said
seen
sold
sent
set
sat
spoken
spent
stood
taken
taught
told
thought
understood
worn
won
written

 

 

 

Exercise

Comments

hiii everyone..
I have to improve my english..so can anyone a good teacher can help me to improve my english??
i want a good guideance.
pls tell me how can I??

Hi manisha varma,

Is there some specific aspect of your English you would like to work on? The more specific your question, the more we will be able to help you.

I can give you some general advice. Remember that learning is a very individual process which depends in great part on your strengths and weaknesses, your interests and your needs in English.  What is best for one learner is not best for another.  However, I can make some general suggestions:

One good approach is to start with skills work.  Use the listening and reading materials here on LearnEnglish (remember that the listening texts usually have transcripts to read as well) and supplement them with selected areas from the grammar sections (particularly here, here and here).  Start with something accessble, such as the Elementary Podcast section, and after that try different sections to see which are most useful to you.

As you listen, do the exercises.  Then, listen again with the transcript (available for most of our recordings) and note any language features which are new, both lexis (vocabulary and phrases) and grammar.  Then use the language sections linked above to work on those areas.  That way you will work on language that you need, rather than just going through structures for the sake of it.  Make a vocabulary notebook, organised by topic (e.g. 'work', 'sport', 'food' etc.) in which you can keep a record of new words that you come across as you work.

Remember to practise your English.  This could be by speaking with a partner if you know someone with whom you can practise, or it could be by speaking aloud when you are alone at home - this is a very useful technique.  You can also post comments on LearnEnglish in the comments sections.  We can't correct what you write, but we do read everything before it is posted and other users will respond, so you can have a conversation that way.

Most of all, practise as often as possible.  It's better to practise an hour every day than seven hours once a week, so make your practice as frequent as possible.

I hope those suggestions are helpful.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, I don't see the issue of defective verbs on the page, could tell me what it is and how is it used? Please

Hello Portillanat,

The term 'defective verbs' refers to verbs which do not have all the forms which most verbs have.  For example, a verb like 'can' has no infinitive form (and instead we use 'be able to'), while 'must' has no past form (and instead we use 'had to').  You can see, I think, that it is not a question of 'how they are used', so much as simply being aware that certain verbs do not have certain forms, and these are dealt with on pages relevant to those verbs, such as the modal verbs mentioned above.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

HI everyone .I want to improve my oral english , who want to join me ,please add me . my skype is xxxxxxxxxx .

Hi Dolphinzhu,

It's great that you are so keen to practise your English.  However, please remember that our House Rules ask users not to give or ask for personal data such as email addresses, Skype names and so on.  This is because we have some users who are under 18 years of age, and so we must be careful with personal data.

Best wishes and thank you,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, Teachers

I'd like to know whether I can say "Where did that car go to? or "Where did that car go?"

Hello Glauci,

The second sentence is used much more than the first one. The preposition to is often left out in such questions, though it is necessary in a full answer (e.g. The car went to the petrol station).

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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