irregular verbs

 

 

Most verbs have past tense and past participle in –ed ( worked, played, listened). But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle

be
begin
break
bring
buy
build
choose
come
cost
cut
do
draw
drive
eat
feel
find
get
give
go
have
hear
hold
keep
know
leave
lead
let
lie
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
run
say
see
sell
send
set
sit
speak
spend
stand
take
teach
tell
think
understand
wear
win
write

was/were
began
broke
brought
bought
built
chose
came
cost
cut
did
drew
drove
ate
felt
found
got
gave
went
had
heard
held
kept
knew
left
led
let
lay
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
set
sat
spoke
spent
stood
took
taught
told
thought
understood
wore
won
wrote
been
begun
broken
brought
bought
built
chosen
come
cost
cut
done
drawn
driven
eaten
felt
found
got
given
gone
had
heard
held
kept
known
left
led
let
lain
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
run
said
seen
sold
sent
set
sat
spoken
spent
stood
taken
taught
told
thought
understood
worn
won
written

 

 

 

Exercise

Comments

Hello singh singh,

On the top right side of this page, in the box called 'English Grammar', you'll see a list of links to pages on the subject of Verbs. The present tense, past tense, talking about the present, talking about the future, talking about the past pages will all be useful for you.

Best regards,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello FarrousGh,

In American English, yes, it's usually 'gotten', but in other varieties, such as British English, 'got' is more common. You can find this sort of information in a good dictionary - see the search box on the lower right side of this page, for example.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,
1.While talking of or describing actions of third person,we always use verbs with 's'.
2.Second one is,do and does for different person.
Why these distinctions in english ?.Are any fundamental or core reasons for this ?

Thanks,and regards
Nandish

Hello Nandish,

Sometimes language authorities make rules about the way a language is used, but for the most part, natural languages develop through use by their speakers, and that is the case with the forms you ask about. There may be forms that were used in the past that might help 'explain' the forms you ask about, but I'm afraid we don't go into such issues here at LearnEnglish.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Why are these referred to as third person singular-I/you/we/they?.

Hello ogoezeaku,

Where does it say that? I don't see that on this page. The third person singular pronouns are 'he', 'she' and 'it'.

Best regards,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi!In the sentences : You must leave your bag here or You must drop your bag here,is there any difference in meaning?

Hello llariuccia,

In most contexts, no, there is no real difference in meaning. Please note that you can find definitions of words and examples of them in use by using our Cambridge Dictionaries Online searchbox on the lower right side of the screen.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Pages