irregular verbs

 

 

Most verbs have past tense and past participle in –ed ( worked, played, listened). But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle

be
begin
break
bring
buy
build
choose
come
cost
cut
do
draw
drive
eat
feel
find
get
give
go
have
hear
hold
keep
know
leave
lead
let
lie
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
run
say
see
sell
send
set
sit
speak
spend
stand
take
teach
tell
think
understand
wear
win
write

was/were
began
broke
brought
bought
built
chose
came
cost
cut
did
drew
drove
ate
felt
found
got
gave
went
had
heard
held
kept
knew
left
led
let
lay
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
set
sat
spoke
spent
stood
took
taught
told
thought
understood
wore
won
wrote
been
begun
broken
brought
bought
built
chosen
come
cost
cut
done
drawn
driven
eaten
felt
found
got
given
gone
had
heard
held
kept
known
left
led
let
lain
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
run
said
seen
sold
sent
set
sat
spoken
spent
stood
taken
taught
told
thought
understood
worn
won
written

 

 

 

Exercise

Comments

Hello sir

What´s the correct use of the verb "get" and its participle?
Because I´ve learned that its participle is "gotten", and I don´t know if I use "got" instead of "gotten" would be correct

A. I have gotten a good education at this school.
B. I have got a good education at this school.

So, which one would be correct?

Hello The Silence,

'gotten' is more typical in some varieties of English such as American English, whereas 'got' is more common in British English and other varieties. Both forms are correct in the sentence you ask about.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there,
Help me with the verb "track" in "track sb/sth down"
For example, for the rest of his life he lived in fear of having tracked down
why cant I use .. in fear of being tracked down

thanks

Hi Joong Myn,

You can - should - say 'being tracked down'. In this sentence 'being' is the correct form; 'having' is incorrect. After a preposition such as 'of' we need a noun or a gerund, and the gerund here is 'being' as the verb form is a passive (to be tracked down).

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks, I see
Besides I looked this word up and found that the verb track in this situation is used as a transitive verb, as a result it should be used as a passive form. I wonder whether this explanation is right?

Hello Joong Myn,

Yes, transitive verbs like 'track' can be used in the passive. Whether you use a verb in the passive or not really depends on what you want to communicate, but certainly it is possible in this case.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Haytham Hawamdeh,

We do not comment on what information other sites may provide. I can make two points, however.

First, 'lying' is not a past participle of any verb. It is a present participle or an -ing form.

Second, there are two verbs with the base form (infinitive) 'lie', only one of which is irregular:

1. lie as in deliberately say something untrue. The forms for this are lie - lied - lied, so it is a regular and not irregular verb, using ';-ed' (in this case '-d' as the base form already ends in an 'e') to form the past and past participle forms.

2. lie as in lie down on a bedThe forms for this verb are lie - lay - lain, as in the explanation above. This is an irregular verb

Both verbs are intransitive, meaning they have no object.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

what difference between "I WAS GOING" and 'I HAD BEEN GONE'

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