The modal verbs are:

can could
may might
shall should
will would

We use modal verbs to show if we believe something is certain, probable or possible (or not). We also use modals to do things like talking about ability, asking permission making requests and offers, and so on.



Sir, There was a king, who probably used to go to a slum area, Now I doubt about if he really used to go or not, So I used 'Probably' here And I could also write like this- A king probably went to a slum area, But now my question is, Could I write like this A king probably would go to a slum area, and does it still work if I don't use 'Probably' in this sentence but here I'm using 'would' for past probability and the same for present A king probably goes to a slum area Now Could rewrite it like- A king probably would go to a slum area, for present probability. So Sir, I'm really been looking for it on internet for a long time to know if 'Would' is used like this or not, but I found nothing please just tell me this if 'would' could be used like this for past and present probability or not please clarify only once my heartedly request to you, though I know that this website is not for uses like this but please only for this ?

I’m sorry, I I will not be available later. Can you please explain why there is 'be' before 'available'?

I feel embarrassed now. I should've given it more thought. Thank you for your help. Sometimes I look at the sentence and I just don't see the explanation. I appreciate it.

Hello Sash,

'available' is an adjective. In English, unlike some other languages, a sentence must always have a verb. In this case, the verb is 'will not be', where 'will' expresses the future and 'be' is the main verb.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

In respect of possibility , What is the difference between could and might ?

Hello Sagir Mondal,

I think it will be easier to explain this if you provide examples of the sentences/uses you have in mind. That way we will be sure that we mean the same thing by, for example, 'possibility'. If you can provide an example sentence for each modal then we'll be happy to comment.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Halo sir,
I'm doing a research in linguistics currently. May I know the difference between modal verbs and modal adjuncts?

Hello Katniss,

LearnEnglish is a site for people learning the language rather than for students of linguistics so we are not really the best place for this kind of question. There are quite a few linguistics discussion forums that you might find helpful, such as this one.

In grammar, the term 'adjunct' describes any part of a sentence which is not necessary and can be omitted. The term 'modal' describes a linguistic item which shows the mood or opinion of the speaker on the action or state described.

Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs which express the speaker's mood or opinion. These are verbs such as 'must', 'could', 'will', 'should' and so on. You can read more about these verbs in our section on modal verbs.

Modal adjuncts are any kind of phrase which (a) expressed the speaker's mood or opinion and (b) can be omitted. These are often adverbs. For example, the adverb 'Hopefully' in this sentence is a modal (it tells us the speaker's opinion) adjunct (it can be omitted):

Hopefully, we will meet him soon.

I hope that clarifies it for you.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, sir. May I know if the following sentence is correct?

1. No, you should not.

Can I end my sentence just like this or I should write it as 'No, you shouldn't do that.'

Thank you, sir.

Hi Omyhong,

It's fine to say 'No, you should not'. We generally do not repeat the verb in short answers, though it is not wrong to do so in order to make the sentence more emphatic, for example.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team