past tense

 

There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The past tense in English is used:

  • to talk about the past
  • to talk about hypotheses – things that are imagined rather than true.
  • for politeness.

There are four past tense forms in English:

Past simple: I worked
Past continuous: I was working
Past perfect: I had worked
Past perfect continuous: I had been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the past:

He worked at McDonald’s. He had worked there since July..
He was working at McDonald’s. He had been working since July.

  • to refer to the present or future in conditions:

He could get a new job if he really tried.
If Jack was playing they would probably win.

and hypotheses:

It might be dangerous. Suppose they got lost.
I would always help someone who really needed help.

and wishes:

I wish it wasn’t so cold.

  • In conditions, hypotheses and wishes, if we want to talk about the past, we always use the past perfect:

I would have helped him if he had asked.
It was very dangerous, What if you had got lost?
I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month.

 

  • We can use the past forms to talk about the present in a few polite expressions:

Excuse me, I was wondering if this was the train for York.
I just hoped you would be able to help me.

Exercise

Comments

Hi, could you please clear my concept about past tense actually I'm very confused with these verbs .. When we use was, were, did, ed form like decided and I read when we use was after this we use base form like was flood but I heard in news they use word was flooded so can you explain I'm which condition we use ed forms after was ..

Hello MONAD ASSASI,

I'm afraid I can't provide explanations of multiple forms in the comments sections here - I would have to write a book to cover all of that! I recommend you use the links in the grammar section, especially the part about verbs, to research these areas.

Perhaps one thing that I can clarify is the difference between 'flooded' and 'was flooded'. Both are past forms, but 'flooded' is an active past simple form, while 'was flooded' (or 'were flooded') is a passive past simple form. You can find more about active and passive forms here.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you sir for reply .. Can you please tell when and where we use above verb . One more question how we decided in past tense we should use was or did ?? Any specific rules in english for using this did or that? And which condition we can't use use both and we use only active form of verb in tense ???

Hello Monad Abbasi,

You can see examples of how 'flood' and 'flooded' are used by searching for them in our dictionary - see the handy Cambridge Dictionaries Online search box on the right.

As for the past tenses, did you read the explanation above? It is an overview of the different past tenses, and then in the English Grammar menu on the right side of this page, if you click on 'past tense', you'll see there are explanations of each of these three tenses there, e.g. past simple. I believe that these explanations will answer all of your questions, but if not, please feel free to ask us again on one of those pages. Please make your question as specific as possible - we're not able to write lengthy responses.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, teachers.

Is it right to use past simple for stating an activity that you currently see?
For example : (He dragged the chair and sat in front of me.)

Or should i use the present simple instead? Thank you. :)

Hi Yeolanda,

Probably not, though it really depends on what you want to communicate. If you are speaking about the action as it is happening, the most typical form would be the present continuous. Please note, however, that in this sentence there are two separate actions, as you can't drag a chair and sit in it at the same time. As the actions are separate, there is a sequence, i.e. one happens before the other. So you could say, for example, 'He dragged the chair and is sitting in it' but not 'He is dragging the chair and sitting in it'.

I hope this helps.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

hello teacher :-)
i'm studying the past tense, but i don't understand these cases:

hypotheses and wishes(can you explain this cases? )
what's wishes?

Hello davide32,

I'd suggest you look up 'wish' (which is the singular of 'wishes') in the dictionary so that you can get a good sense for what it means, but basically a wish is something we want, and in this case, refers to things we want that we see as unlikely or impossible to obtain. In the third example sentence ('I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month'), I can't change what I did in the past, but I'm expressing how I wish I had acted last month.

You might find it useful to look at our Conditionals 1 and Conditionals 2 pages, where you'll see the past tense used in a similar way in the second and third conditional structures. Please take a look and then let us know if you have any further questions.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

thank you teacher ,

i have learned another things today :-)

the cambrige dictionary is done for to be used :-)

the site there isn't in italian language and for me is difficult but i like all here.

Hi, we know that "had to" is a past form of the "have to" but sometimes i see this form as well which is : He had had to do sth - how this form can be understood and please explain what does it really mean to use such kind of grammatic form?? how can we translate this form ? do we need to understand this as Past perfect or what?? if not please explain its meaning Thank you very much in advance - See more at: http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/past-ten...

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