There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The past tense in English is used:

  • to talk about the past
  • to talk about hypotheses – things that are imagined rather than true.
  • for politeness.

There are four past tense forms in English:

Past simple: I worked
Past continuous: I was working
Past perfect: I had worked
Past perfect continuous: I had been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the past:

He worked at McDonald’s. He had worked there since July..
He was working at McDonald’s. He had been working since July.

  • to refer to the present or future in conditions:

He could get a new job if he really tried.
If Jack was playing they would probably win.

and hypotheses:

It might be dangerous. Suppose they got lost.
I would always help someone who really needed help.

and wishes:

I wish it wasn’t so cold.

  • In conditions, hypotheses and wishes, if we want to talk about the past, we always use the past perfect:

I would have helped him if he had asked.
It was very dangerous, What if you had got lost?
I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month.

 

  • We can use the past forms to talk about the present in a few polite expressions:

Excuse me, I was wondering if this was the train for York.
I just hoped you would be able to help me.

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

can you explain clearly the difference between [1] I WISH I WERE TALLER and [2] IF I WERE TALLER.and [1] I WISH I WERE DEAD.and [2] IF I WERE DEAD.
I know these sentences are in subjunctive mood.I am asking the difference

Hello sabago,

'I wish' is usually used to express regret or sadness over a present situation; if you say 'I wish I were taller' it means that you are not happy about being short. See our wish and if only page for more.

In the clause you ask about 'If' is used to talk about a situation that is not true, because if you say 'if I were dead' you are of course alive. See our conditionals 1 page for more on this.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, when we use the present perfect continuous and p.p.c ?
i am really confused ? i hope you will help me !!

Sir,
I am confusing about these two sentence
1) I was buy a new car.
2) I had bought a new car.
Both sentences are grammatically correct or not ? I am Beginner

Hello Dost Muhammad,

Sentence 1) is not correct. Perhaps you meant 'I bought a new car' ('bought' = past simple) or 'I was buying a new car' (past continuous)? 

Sentence 2) uses the past perfect and is correct.

Best wishes,
Kirk​
The LearnEnglish Team

Good evening,

I tried to solve the activity at the "Past Tense" chapter and I found myself stuck in a problem that has not got an obvious way of solving for me as a non-native English user.Here are the examples that are controversial for me:
Sentence 1-If David was here, he'd know what to do.
The valid answer to this question is: The Past Tense is used to describe present or future in a conditional statement
Sentence 2-If you moved abroad, you might never see them again.
The valid answer to this question is:The past tense is used to make a hypothetical statement (to imagine).
I thought that a conditional statement means each statement that contains an "if" but
it seems to me that the borders between the two cases are very lax.
Will you please help me and supply further criteria that would help me recognize the proper use of each case, whenever I meet it?

Hello team,

Which of the following make sense different?

1) I have seen so many people waking on the road. or,

2) I saw too many people waking on the road.

Is they similar? or there must be something which we have to use on these sentence on the suitability on the situation.

How i can view your answers, as i am new here? i am really enjoying learning from here...

Hello anandsharma143,

Both sentences are grammatically correct. 'So many' emphasises the large number; 'too many' adds information that the number is a bad thing, and that fewer would be better.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello I have a slight misunderstanding may you please help me.

She said me that she was happy. (wrong)

She said that she was happy. (correct)

My question is " Is possible to say : She said to me that she was happy?

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