There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The present tenses in English are used:

  • to talk about the present
  • to talk about the future
  • to talk about the past when we are telling a story in spoken English or when we are summarising a book, film, play etc.


There are four present tense forms in English:

Tense Form
Present simple: I work
Present continuous: I am working
Present perfect: I have worked
Present perfect continuous: I have been working


We use these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

He works at McDonald’s. He has worked there for three months now.
He is working at McDonald’s. He has been working there for three months now.
London is the capital of Britain.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 1700 hours.
I’ll phone you when I get home.
He’s meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I’ll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

  • We can use the present tenses to talk about the past...

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello, I have a quick questions about the use of present and past tense.
Which one of the following is correct?
1) Enjoy the offer if "book" by July
2) ENjoy the offer if "booked" by July

My gut feeling tells me I should use the first one. However, my British manager says the second one is the right one. Please help!

Hello Kris Chan,

The context is important in terms of whether the second sentence is approprite or not but I would agree with your manager that the first sentence is not correct. The second sentence is an example of ellipsis - omitting certain words in the sentence. The full sentence would be:

Enjoy the offer if you have (are) booked by July.

Where ellipsis is appropriate is more a question of convention than grammar and it is not normal to use ellipsis in the way that it is in the first sentence.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Peter. Now I see why we have to use "booked".

And also I want to get reported when my comments are answered.

Hello Metin,

I believe that there is a box you can tick near the Save button when you write a comment to be notified via email of when there is a response to your comment. If you don't see that, please let us know and we'll look into it.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
I am confused About "anyone here after listening to ...".
Is this right? If wrong how can we make it right?
Are something like these are being used in normal life language like idioms?
I saw it on YouTube,the person who wrote is probably German.

Hello Metin,

This is a sentences fragment without any context, and without knowing the context and what follows this fragment it is not possible to say if it is correct. It may be - it is not wrong in its structure - but I cannot say more without knowing more.

Generally, we do not comment on examples of language from other sites for this reason.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

"Anyone here after listening to the 1940's German national anthem?" I thought it would be enough but looked like I have to write the full sentence.This comment is written in the page of Haydn's Masterpiece-Emporor's Hymn in YouTube.
Thanks.

Hello Metin,

Comments on websites are not really a good source for correct language, I would say, and this is why we do not like to comment on random sentences from other pages.

This is not a fully correct sentence. I would guess that the writer of it wanted to say 'Has anyone come here after listening to the 1940s German national anthem?'

'After' here has a meaning similar to 'as a result of'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir,
Would like to ask you in this question-When I have finished this job, we can celebrate.
why don't we refer it present ?
Thanks .

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