There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The present tenses in English are used:

  • to talk about the present
  • to talk about the future
  • to talk about the past when we are telling a story in spoken English or when we are summarising a book, film, play etc.


There are four present tense forms in English:

Tense Form
Present simple: I work
Present continuous: I am working
Present perfect: I have worked
Present perfect continuous: I have been working


We use these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

He works at McDonald’s. He has worked there for three months now.
He is working at McDonald’s. He has been working there for three months now.
London is the capital of Britain.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 1700 hours.
I’ll phone you when I get home.
He’s meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I’ll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

  • We can use the present tenses to talk about the past...

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

hello sir
we use two helping verbs with simple present- do and does
but with the verb BE (am,is,are) we do not use them.

i am
i am not
am i
am i not
what am i
what am i not
.
.
we use HAVE in simple present tense
we can use DO/DOES with the verb HAVE

.
.
I have
i do not have
do i have
what do i have

and without helping verb also we can make negative
.
i have
i have not
have i
what have i

MY QUESTIONS ARE....
1) are there other verbs, we can use without DO/DOES(helping verbs) in simple present
2) why do we not use DO AND DOES with the verb BE in simple present(i do not am)
3) is HAVE only one verb that can be used with or without helping verb

Hello INS-PRAKASH,

We're happy to try to help you, but we don't generally respond to such questions, as our concerns here are helping our users learn, not so much come up with rules about the language. Such general rules often have exceptions or just aren't all that useful for learning.

1. all modal verbs are auxiliary verbs and, like 'be', are not used with auxiliary 'do'. 'have got' is another one that doesn't use auxiliary 'do'.

2. This is related to the history of the English language, i.e. how it's developed over time. I'm afraid answering this is well beyond what we do here. 

3. As far as I can think right now, yes, in addition to 'be' and the modal auxiliary verbs. I don't think I'm forgetting any others, but I'm afraid I don't normally think of grammar in terms of these kinds of lists, so perhaps I've missed something.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

so I say to him, 'What's your game, son?' past??
why it's not= so i said to him, 'What's your game, son?'

Hello Adham farea,

This use of present forms is described on the page:

 

to talk about the past when we are telling a story in spoken English or when we are summarising a book, film, play etc.

 

When we tell an informal story such as an anecdote or joke present forms are quite common. They make the story more immedaite and can bring it to life, making it more engaging for the listener.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Why 'is' and not 'has'?

'Most modern birds require parental care – the brush turkey of Australia (which is no relation to American turkeys) is one of the few exceptions.'

Thanks in advance.

Hello feli3105,

That sounds odd to me, too, so I'm afraid I can't explain that. 'have' or 'bear' are the verbs that are typically used in such a phrase.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi :) whats the different between

I’ll come home as soon as I have finished work. AND
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

Hello Elsa99,

'I have finished work' is the present perfect simple and 'you have been working' is the present perfect continuous. The difference between these two forms is explained on our present perfect and present perfect simple and continuous pages.

If you have any other questions about these sentences, we're happy to help you, but please explain to us what you understand and don't understand so that we can help you better.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you so much! But whats the difference between "You will be tired out after you have been working all night" AND
"You will be tired out after you have worked all night."

Hello again Elsa,

In general, a continuous form views the action as something that was happening during a period of time, whereas a simple form views it as something done. Beyond that it's difficult to say without knowing the context and what the speaker meant. One other resource of ours that might help you is the video on this Word on the Street page.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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