The present continuous tense is formed from the present tense of the verb be and the present participle (-ing form) of a verb:

Use

1. We use the present continuous tense to talk about the present:

  • for something that is happening at the moment of speaking:

I’m just leaving work. I’ll be home in an hour.
Please be quiet. The children are sleeping.

  • for something which is happening before and after a given time:

At eight o’clock we are usually having breakfast.
When I get home the children are doing their homework.

 

  • for something which we think is temporary:

Michael is at university. He’s studying history.
I’m working in London for the next two weeks.

  • for something which is new and contrasts with a previous state:

These days most people are using email instead of writing letters.
What sort of clothes are teenagers wearing nowadays? What sort of music are they listening to?

  • to show that something is changing, growing or developing:

The children are growing quickly.
The climate is changing rapidly.
Your English is improving.

  • for something which happens again and again:

It’s always raining in London.
They are always arguing.
George is great. He’s always laughing.

Note: We normally use always with this use.

2. We use the present continuous tense to talk about the future:

  • for something which has been arranged or planned:

Mary is going to a new school next term.
What are you doing next week?

3. We can use the present continuous to talk about the past:

  • When we are telling a story
  • When we are summarising the story from a book, film or play etc.:

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hi!
i would like to ask the difference between present continuous and present perfect when use in time which is not finished.
1. The company's profit is increasing this year.
2. The company's profit has increased this year.
3. Rob isn't doing well this term.
4. Rob hasn't done well this term.

Hi RTris,

Both forms can have different meanings depending on how they're used, but in basic, contextless sentences such as these, the difference is that the present continuous suggests the change is still in process, whereas the present perfect does not clearly indicate this. The present perfect doesn't deny that it will continue, but really only speaks about the period up until now.

Hope this helps.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

How to use present continous When we want to talk about the past ( as we are telling a story until that story has finished )
thank you

Hello Tamer Refat,

I'm not sure what you mean exactly. Could you provide a sentence or two illustrating what you have in mind, and then we'll comment on those?

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear LearnEnglish team,
I have two confusions.
1) We use Present Simple and Present Continuous both to talk about something fixed or planned for future. Then what is the difference, if any, in their usage in this regard. For example:
a) We fly to Paris next week. OR We are flying for Paris next week.
b) The train leaves at 8a.m. tomorrow.
c) I am playing badminton with Matthew tomorrow.
Is it right if I use Present Continuous for (b) and Present Simple for (c)?

2) We usually use Present Simple for feelings and thoughts. So, are the following sentences wrong?
a) I am believing you. ( this time only)
I believe you. (always)
b) I am trusting you.
c) I am getting you.
d) I am understanding you.

Quick reply will be highly appreciated.
Regards.

Hello azaidi5,

While we're happy to answer specific questions as far as time allows - and please remember that we are a small team here at LearnEnglish - we cannot answer questions which contain multiple sentences for comment. This is a job for your teacher, I am afraid.

The present simple is used to describe fixed, regular or timetabled events such as the start time of a concert or the departure time of a train. The present continuous is used to describe an event which has been arranged between two or more actors. In other words, the choice of the most appropriate form depends upon the nature of the event and how it is perceived by the speaker.

All of the sentences you quote in the second question would generally be formed with simple verbs, not continuous. Only in particular contexts where a change or temporary state is emphasised might a continuous form be used, but this would be very unusual.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
I don't understand the use of present continous in this case: 'I look aweful in the mornings, but I'm all nice and pretty when I AM GOING OUT. I would think about going out as about daily routine and I would use present simple (... 'when I GO OUT). Would this be my mistake?

Hello Yura_Tea,

In this example it would be fine to use 'when I go out' (describing a regular activity) or 'when I'm going out' (describing an action in progress. It's similar to examples such as:

I'm grumpy in the morning, but I'm in a good mood when I eat something nice.

I'm grumpy in the morning, but I'm in a good mood when I'm eating something nice.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you a lot for your answer. I'm glad to know that both tenses are correct and I won't make any mistakes in this case. I suppose I need more practice to feel the difference between the two, and the feeling will come with time, naturally. :)

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