The present perfect is formed from the present tense of the verb have and the past participle of a verb:

The present perfect continuous is formed with have/has been and the -ing form of the verb:


We use the present perfect tense:

  • for something that started in the past and continues in the present:

They’ve been married for nearly fifty years.
She has lived in Liverpool all her life.

Note: We normally use the present perfect continuous for this:

She has been living in Liverpool all her life.
It’s been raining for hours.

  •  for something we have done several times in the past and continue to do:

I’ve played the guitar ever since I was a teenager.
He has written three books and he is working on another one.
I’ve been watching that programme every week.

We often use a clause with since to show when something started in the past:

They’ve been staying with us since last week.
I have worked here since I left school.
I’ve been watching that programme every week since it started.

  • when we are talking about our experience up to the present:

Note: We often use the adverb ever to talk about experience up to the present:

My last birthday was the worst day I have ever had.

Note: and we use never for the negative form:

Have you ever met George?
Yes, but I’ve never met his wife.

  • for something that happened in the past but is important at the time of speaking:

I can’t get in the house. I’ve lost my keys.
Teresa isn’t at home. I think she has gone shopping.
I’m tired out. I’ve been working all day.


 We use the present perfect of be when someone has gone to a place and returned:

A: Where have you been?
B: I’ve just been out to the supermarket.

A: Have you ever been to San Francisco?
B: No, but I’ve been to Los Angeles.

But when someone has not returned we use have/has gone:

A: Where is Maria? I haven’t seen her for weeks.
B: She's gone to Paris for a week. She’ll be back tomorrow.

We often use the present perfect with time adverbials which refer to the recent past:

just; only just; recently;

Scientists have recently discovered a new breed of monkey.
We have just got back from our holidays.

or adverbials which include the present:

ever (in questions); so far; until now; up to now; yet (in questions and negatives)

Have you ever seen a ghost?
Where have you been up to now?
Have you finished your homework yet?
No, so far I’ve only done my history.


We do not use the present perfect with an adverbial which refers to past time which is finished:

I have seen that film yesterday.
We have just bought a new car last week.
When we were children we have been to California.

But we can use it to refer to a time which is not yet finished:

Have you seen Helen today?
We have bought a new car this week.





If I say for example, "Last year, I often go to Singapore." What tense is this? Will it fall on present perfect tense or present simple?

Hello ELP Train,

'I often go' would be present simple, but it is not correct to use this form with a past time reference like 'last year'. If you are talking about last year then 'I often went' would be correct - past simple.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

It is not better to say " I used to go to Singapore Last year ."

what is the different between :-
I’ve been watching that programme every week
I’ve watched that programme every week .

Hello morssy2020,

This is the difference between the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous. We have a page that explains this and also the video on this page should be helpful.

Good luck!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I can say,
1.I have been to Rome since 2012.
2.I have been in Rome since 2012.
Thank you!

Hello Montri,

1 is not correct, but 2 is.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

What is the different meaning of the following sentences?

1.I have been to visit my nephew.
2.I have visited my nephew.

Thank you!

Hello Montri,

1 suggests that you went to visit your nephew and then returned home. 2 is a more general statement which just indicates you visited him but doesn't imply anything more.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir,

Can you correct below sentences.

1- I have been studying since my son slept.
2- I have attended several interviews in this week.
3 - She has just slept while playing with me.
4- i have received an interview call from a company but the time they are not mentioned