present simple


The present tense is the base form of the verb: I work in London.
But the third person (she/he/it) adds an -s: She works in London.


We use the present tense to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I’m nineteen years old.
He lives in London.
I’m a student.

  • something that happens again and again in the present:

I play football every weekend.

We use words like sometimes, often. always, and never (adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

  • something that is always true:

The adult human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.


  • something that is fixed in the future.

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 1945 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.


Questions and negatives

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?
Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?
Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

  • With the present tense, we use do and does to make questions. We use does for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do for the others.


 We use do and does with question words like where, what and why:


 But look at these questions with who:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis, but I don’t like football. (don’t = do not)
I don’t live in London now.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
They don’t work at the weekend.
John doesn’t live in Manchester. (doesn’t = does not)
Angela doesn’t drive to work. She goes by bus.

  • With the present tense we use do and does to make negatives. We use does not (doesn’t) for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do not (don’t) for the others.

Complete these sentences with don’t or doesn’t:



Hello teachers.
I wonder if this sentence correct? If you could tell me the form of the tense, please?
This is the sentence (She never has Chines food)

Hello Karzan_Camus,

The sentence is fine, apart from the misspelling of 'Chinese'.

It is a normal setence in the present simple with the verb 'have' and an adverb of frequency ('never').

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi sir :
I want ask about
use present continuous
for something which is happening before and after a given time:
At eight o'clock we are usually having breakfast.
isn't habit , something that happens again and again in the present
we should say
At eight o'clock we usually have breakfast

Hello nkmg,

Both the present simple and present continuous are correct in these sentences. They are both talking about the same event, but look at it from different perspectives. When you use the present simple, you are simply talking about a habit, and this is probably the most commonly used form for this kind of statement.

The present continuous can be used, as in the example, when you're speaking not about a habit, but a particular point in time - in this case, 8:00 (not 8:05 or 7:57, but 8:00). Imagine if you looked at a video recording of this family's kitchen that is made every morning. If you compared what was happening at 8 am every day, you'd find the family in the middle of eating at that time. That is the action they are performing at 8:00 began before that time, and continued afterwards.

This is just one example of the kind of perspective that using the present continuous can imply here. I hope it helps clarify it for you.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir,

could you tell me how to find out the difference between present tense that always true and the present tense which happens again and again particularly with "never"

Dear LearnEnglish Team,

Would you mind to tell me about the right form for "always" usage that followed by v1if the Subject is she/he/it?
Is it the same form as will/can +v1?

● She works
1. She can work.(Correct)
2. She will work. (Correct)
3. She always work. ( ? )
4. She always works. ( ? )

Thank you.

Hi maroona,

Sentence 3 is incorrect and sentence 4 is correct. Using an adverb such as 'always' doesn't change the ending on the verb.

Does that answer your question?

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir,

Can you put some more examples of simple present, which shows things are true in present.

I have one more confusion...People says,''the report is not completed'' (when they don't complete their report which i need ) is it correct to use present simple...rather than present perfect?

Thanking you for continual support.

Hello rishi1234567,

Your example is in fact present simple, not present perfect: ' not completed' is an example of a present simple passive [be + past participle].

Both present simple (telling us about the report's status now) and present perfect (telling us about the immediate past of the report and it's result now) would be correct:

The report is not completed. [present simple passive]

The report has not been completed. [present perfect simple passive]

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Many Thanks again!!!

But, if i say same sentence in active voice, it will be difficult to correct me if I am wrong.

"The Report is not completed by me,Sir"(Simple present Passive Voice)

" I don't complete the report,Sir.(This sentence looks Habitual kind of, or is it my perception to this active voice?)