present simple


The present tense is the base form of the verb: I work in London.
But the third person (she/he/it) adds an -s: She works in London.


We use the present tense to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I’m nineteen years old.
He lives in London.
I’m a student.

  • something that happens again and again in the present:

I play football every weekend.

We use words like sometimes, often. always, and never (adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

  • something that is always true:

The adult human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.


  • something that is fixed in the future.

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 1945 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.


Questions and negatives

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?
Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?
Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

  • With the present tense, we use do and does to make questions. We use does for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do for the others.


 We use do and does with question words like where, what and why:


 But look at these questions with who:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis, but I don’t like football. (don’t = do not)
I don’t live in London now.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
They don’t work at the weekend.
John doesn’t live in Manchester. (doesn’t = does not)
Angela doesn’t drive to work. She goes by bus.

  • With the present tense we use do and does to make negatives. We use does not (doesn’t) for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do not (don’t) for the others.

Complete these sentences with don’t or doesn’t:



Hello teacher

I would like to as you when I use " ies , es , s ' in the end of the verb
thanks in advance

Hello Engy_a,

The spelling rule for the third-person form of the present simple are:

  • when a verb ends in 'y' we use '-ies', unless the verb ends [vowel + y]:

study > he studies


play > he plays

  • ​when a verb ends in a soft sound ('sh', 'ch', or 'x')​ we often use '-es'

watch > he watches

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team



Can you please explain diff between below sentences ? below sentences in I have read in the news paper with some context which has happened.

They accepts responsibility.
They have accepted responsibility.

Thanking you

Hello rishi1234567,

The first sentence should read 'They accept' (without the 's').

The first sentence describes a state which is true now (they accept responsibility). The second sentence describes something which happened in the past (their decision to accept responsibility) and which is still true now (they have not changed their minds).

Both forms can be used to describe the same situation; the author can choose which he or she prefers. The first form is called the present simple and the second the present perfect. You can find more information on these forms in the verbs section of our grammar pages.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi teachers
Why this sentences "My parents never fly,it"s too expensive" is correct? Not "flies"

Hello Aduc_140784,

The word 'parents' is plural (more than one). Therefore the verb must be 'fly'. If it was one 'parent' then it would be 'flies'.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi teachers
is it correct to say(i have spent a nice day with my friends)???

Hi Karzan_Camus,

That is correct, provided it is still the same day. If you want to say this the following day then you would use the past simple - I spent...

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello teachers.
I have a question about adverbs of frequency with present simple, it is said the adverbs of frequency always go after verb to be, but i wonder whether this sentence correct or not if it is correct why and it it is not why??
the sentence says(she usually is late for school)please answer me as soon as possible???