The present tense is the base form of the verb: I work in London.
But the third person (she/he/it) adds an -s: She works in London.


We use the present tense to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I’m nineteen years old.
He lives in London.
I’m a student.

  • something that happens again and again in the present:

I play football every weekend.

We use words like sometimes, often. always, and never (adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

  • something that is always true:

The adult human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.


  • something that is fixed in the future.

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 1945 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.


Questions and negatives

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?
Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?
Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

  • With the present tense, we use do and does to make questions. We use does for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do for the others.


 We use do and does with question words like where, what and why:


 But look at these questions with who:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis, but I don’t like football. (don’t = do not)
I don’t live in London now.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
They don’t work at the weekend.
John doesn’t live in Manchester. (doesn’t = does not)
Angela doesn’t drive to work. She goes by bus.

  • With the present tense we use do and does to make negatives. We use does not (doesn’t) for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do not (don’t) for the others.

Complete these sentences with don’t or doesn’t:




We can use do or does only if there is "where, why and what"? What about when orr which or others?

Hello VicKtoRas,

The words given on the page are examples, not a full list. If you look at the sentence you will see that it says '', showing that these are examples. Other question words can of course also be used.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Which situation that we can you To Do or To Be?

Where does he live? ( using To Do for question)
Where is he living ? ( Using To Be verb for question)

Hello Tom,

Where there is an auxiliary verb already, we use it for the question:

She is living in London. [is = the auxiliary verb]

Is she living in London?

They have got a car. [have = the auxiliary verb]

Have they got a car?


Where there is no auxiliary verb we use 'do':

He lives in London.

Where does he live?

I walked to the park.

Where did you walk?



Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


Could you explain more about the difference between

She never plays football


She has never played football

I'm also still confused with

We fly to Paris next week


We're flying to Paris next week


1/ She plays football ( use this to express general, simple present tense)
She has never played football ( use this to express that in the past until now she has not played football)
Your sentence: "She never plays football" ( incorrect form)

2/ We are going to fly to Paris next week ( Simple Future) . Use this when you are planning a trip) . Be careful using flying because flying is implied that the bird is flying. I rather using " We are going to go to Paris next week"

Hello Tom,

Thanks for your contribution! I just wanted to point out that 'She never plays football' is actually a correct form. I'm sure some people would agree that it's better to say 'go' rather than 'fly', but the truth is that many people say 'fly' there and there's no misunderstanding from that.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Syifazaka,

In the first pair of sentences, the first sentence has the present simple and the second sentence has the present perfect. The difference between these two tenses is discussed on their individual pages as well as on talking about the present

In the second pair of sentences, the first has the present simple and the second has the present continuous. In this case, these two tenses are actually talking about the future (despite their names).

Please take a look at the explanations on those pages – I think that will clarify the differences in meaning for you. If you still have questions, however, please feel free to ask us again. It'd be best if you explained to us what you understand or what you don't understand as specifically as possible so we can give you a better answer.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter, can we have further explanation about use of Simple Present. (e.g. what does it mean? Sequence activities (happen again again) and Official arrangement (Fixed in futures ) and out of this two option, what tense we can use? Regards

Hello Ramyar1234,

It's hard to comment in such abstract/general terms, but if you provide a concrete example - a sentence or a clear context - then we'll be happy to comment.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team