present simple

 

The present tense is the base form of the verb: I work in London.
But the third person (she/he/it) adds an -s: She works in London.

Use

We use the present tense to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I’m nineteen years old.
He lives in London.
I’m a student.

  • something that happens again and again in the present:

I play football every weekend.

We use words like sometimes, often. always, and never (adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

  • something that is always true:

The adult human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.

  

  • something that is fixed in the future.

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 1945 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.

 

Questions and negatives

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?
Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?
Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

  • With the present tense, we use do and does to make questions. We use does for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do for the others.

 

 We use do and does with question words like where, what and why:

 

 But look at these questions with who:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis, but I don’t like football. (don’t = do not)
I don’t live in London now.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
They don’t work at the weekend.
John doesn’t live in Manchester. (doesn’t = does not)
Angela doesn’t drive to work. She goes by bus.

  • With the present tense we use do and does to make negatives. We use does not (doesn’t) for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do not (don’t) for the others.

Complete these sentences with don’t or doesn’t:

Exercise

Comments

Hi teachers
is it correct to say(i have spent a nice day with my friends)???

Hi Karzan_Camus,

That is correct, provided it is still the same day. If you want to say this the following day then you would use the past simple - I spent...

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello teachers.
I have a question about adverbs of frequency with present simple, it is said the adverbs of frequency always go after verb to be, but i wonder whether this sentence correct or not if it is correct why and it it is not why??
the sentence says(she usually is late for school)please answer me as soon as possible???

Hello Karzan_Camus,

Word order in English is quite flexible and we can change the normal word order sometimes to, for example, emphasise certain parts of the sentence. However, there is a normal word order and, as you say, this means that adverbs of frequency come before the main verb but after the verb 'be'. Therefore the example you give should be:

She is usually late for school.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hii, "The school term starts next week." here in this sentence why 'starts' not 'start'?

because term is singular while in the exercise sentence holidays is plural

Hello tadveenridwan,

Third-person singular present simple forms end in '-s'. 'The school term' is singular and a third-person subject.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Peter,
So, did you mean like this:
- The party starts at 7 pm (singular and third-person subject)
- The parties start at 7 pm (plural)

Cheers

Hi yh24,

Yes, that's what Peter meant.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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