present simple

 

The present tense is the base form of the verb: I work in London.
But the third person (she/he/it) adds an -s: She works in London.

Use

We use the present tense to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I’m nineteen years old.
He lives in London.
I’m a student.

  • something that happens again and again in the present:

I play football every weekend.

We use words like sometimes, often. always, and never (adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

  • something that is always true:

The adult human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.

  

  • something that is fixed in the future.

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 1945 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.

 

Questions and negatives

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?
Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?
Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

  • With the present tense, we use do and does to make questions. We use does for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do for the others.

 

 We use do and does with question words like where, what and why:

 

 But look at these questions with who:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis, but I don’t like football. (don’t = do not)
I don’t live in London now.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
They don’t work at the weekend.
John doesn’t live in Manchester. (doesn’t = does not)
Angela doesn’t drive to work. She goes by bus.

  • With the present tense we use do and does to make negatives. We use does not (doesn’t) for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do not (don’t) for the others.

Complete these sentences with don’t or doesn’t:

Exercise

Comments

Hi sir :
I want ask about
use present continuous
for something which is happening before and after a given time:
At eight o'clock we are usually having breakfast.
isn't habit , something that happens again and again in the present
we should say
At eight o'clock we usually have breakfast

Dear Sir,

could you tell me how to find out the difference between present tense that always true and the present tense which happens again and again particularly with "never"
Thanks

Dear LearnEnglish Team,

Would you mind to tell me about the right form for "always" usage that followed by v1if the Subject is she/he/it?
Is it the same form as will/can +v1?

● She works
1. She can work.(Correct)
2. She will work. (Correct)
3. She always work. ( ? )
4. She always works. ( ? )

Thank you.

Hi maroona,

Sentence 3 is incorrect and sentence 4 is correct. Using an adverb such as 'always' doesn't change the ending on the verb.

Does that answer your question?

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir,

Can you put some more examples of simple present, which shows things are true in present.

I have one more confusion...People says,''the report is not completed'' (when they don't complete their report which i need ) is it correct to use present simple...rather than present perfect?

Thanking you for continual support.

Hello rishi1234567,

Your example is in fact present simple, not present perfect: '...is not completed' is an example of a present simple passive [be + past participle].

Both present simple (telling us about the report's status now) and present perfect (telling us about the immediate past of the report and it's result now) would be correct:

The report is not completed. [present simple passive]

The report has not been completed. [present perfect simple passive]

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Many Thanks again!!!

But, if i say same sentence in active voice, it will be difficult to understand...pl correct me if I am wrong.

"The Report is not completed by me,Sir"(Simple present Passive Voice)

" I don't complete the report,Sir.(This sentence looks Habitual kind of, or is it my perception to this active voice?)

Hello rishi1234567,

My previous answer was about which form was correct grammatically. However, the meaning is not the same and which meaning you need depends on what you want to say.

'The report is not completed by me' tells us that this is not your job - someone else does this, not you.

'I've not completed the report' tells us that it is your job, but that you have not done it yet for some reason (time, other duties, a lack of information, laziness...).

'The report hasn't been completed' does not tell us who should or will complete it; it only tells us that it is not yet finished.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir ,

When I was talking to my tutor I told him,'' Sir , my friend suggests your name" for inauguration of my office.

Is it correct or i should have to say "Sir , My friend have suggested your name" for inauguration of my office.

Kindly suggest which one is correct.
Regards

Hello rishi,

In most contexts, the present perfect would probably be the most sensible choice. Please note, however, that the correct form would be 'My friend has suggested your name'.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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