present simple

 

The present tense is the base form of the verb: I work in London.
But the third person (she/he/it) adds an -s: She works in London.

Use

We use the present tense to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I’m nineteen years old.
He lives in London.
I’m a student.

  • something that happens again and again in the present:

I play football every weekend.

We use words like sometimes, often. always, and never (adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

  • something that is always true:

The adult human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.

  

  • something that is fixed in the future.

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 1945 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.

 

Questions and negatives

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?
Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?
Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

  • With the present tense, we use do and does to make questions. We use does for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do for the others.

 

 We use do and does with question words like where, what and why:

 

 But look at these questions with who:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis, but I don’t like football. (don’t = do not)
I don’t live in London now.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
They don’t work at the weekend.
John doesn’t live in Manchester. (doesn’t = does not)
Angela doesn’t drive to work. She goes by bus.

  • With the present tense we use do and does to make negatives. We use does not (doesn’t) for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do not (don’t) for the others.

Complete these sentences with don’t or doesn’t:

Exercise

Comments

Sir,
don't we treat GOD as 3rd person singular?
Because we always say "God bless you", but not "God blesses you".
 
and I have come to know that the two pronunciations of "THE" (those pronunciations are THA, THI) have particular rules.
so, when do we need to pronounce as THA and when do we need to pronounce as THI?
Please explain them.
Thanks and Regards
Krishna

Hello krishna0891,

Grammatically, God works as any other noun, and so yes, God is considered as a third person singular subject. "God bless you", however, is grammatically correct in many contexts - this expression isn't used as a description of what God does, but is rather used to express the wish that God bless a person or people.

Most of the time, the is pronounced in the first way you mention. The second pronunciation you mention is often used when the following word begins with a vowel sounds (e.g. "the egg") or to emphasise or indicate something that is unique in some way.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

could you please provide some more examples such as 'God bless you' where the verb is in 1st form even when the subject is 3rd person singular.

Hello krishna0891,

'God bless you' is an example of a subjunctive verb form, which is an old form used quite rarely in modern English; when it is used, it tends to sound very formal and old-fashioned.  Mainly, it is used in some idiomatic or set phrases such as 'God bless you', and in a few other constructions:

It's important he go there.

I suggest she go home.

I insist (that) she stop right now!

Long live the Queen!

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I don't know the score for each equations is different
 

Hello,
I am confused about the exact usages of the tenses talking about fixed or planned future.
The present simple and the present simple contineous are both used to talk about future plans. For example, what is the difference between:" the train is leaving at 7 a.m tomorrow"and "the train leaves at 7a.m tomorrow" could you
Tell me the reason why one them is wrong in case there is a mistake.
Thanks in advance

Hello zagrus,

The various future forms in English have meanings that overlap quite a lot, and it is not unusual for more than one form to be possible in one context.

The two forms you are asking about are the present continuous and the present simple.  Typically, the present continuous is used to talk about the future when there is a strong or fixed arrangement (as contrasted with 'going to', which may be just a plan in someone's head), and the present simple is used for regular timetabled events.  I think you can probably see that a train leaving the station could be seen as either of these, depending on what the speaker prefers to emphasise.  In other words, both of these sentences are possible in this context, and neither is incorrect.

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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