The present tense is the base form of the verb: I work in London.
But the third person (she/he/it) adds an -s: She works in London.


We use the present tense to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I’m nineteen years old.
He lives in London.
I’m a student.

  • something that happens again and again in the present:

I play football every weekend.

We use words like sometimes, often. always, and never (adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

  • something that is always true:

The adult human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.


  • something that is fixed in the future.

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 1945 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.


Questions and negatives

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?
Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?
Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

  • With the present tense, we use do and does to make questions. We use does for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do for the others.


 We use do and does with question words like where, what and why:


 But look at these questions with who:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis, but I don’t like football. (don’t = do not)
I don’t live in London now.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
They don’t work at the weekend.
John doesn’t live in Manchester. (doesn’t = does not)
Angela doesn’t drive to work. She goes by bus.

  • With the present tense we use do and does to make negatives. We use does not (doesn’t) for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do not (don’t) for the others.

Complete these sentences with don’t or doesn’t:




Hello again Tim,

In 'Is Gideon coming with us?', the verb is in the present continuous. In 'Does Gideon come with us?' is present simple.

'do' and 'does' are only used in the present simple, not in the present continuous. The present continuous uses a form of the verb 'be' ('is', 'am' or 'are') instead.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi. is there a difference between these sentences and what is the correct sentence? The train leaves at 1945 this evening, The train will leave at 1945 this evening, the train is leaving at 1945 this evening

Hello Tim,

The differences between these forms is explained on our talking about the future page. Please take a look and then if you have any specific questions about the topic, please let us know.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, what kind of present simple is used in this sentence, ''So finally.. Helen proves to be a better dancer''? This sentence doesn't seem to have the ''always true'' form.

Hello Zayed Haq,

The best way to understand this is to contrast it with an alternative form - the present continuous.

Compare these two alternatives, both of which are grammatically correct.


Helen is proving to be a better dancer.

Helen proves to be a better dancer.


In the first sentence the action is not completed and is stil in progress; we can see that Helen is on the way to proving without any argument that she is better but there is still a possibility that she will not do this and the other person will win the title of 'better dancer'.

In the second sentence there is no longer any discussion. Helen has achieved her goal and there is no argument that she is the better dancer.

We use the present simple in this way (rather than, for example, the present perfect) when we are telling a story or a sequence of events. It is quite common, especially after time references such as 'finally', 'in the end', 'it turns out that' and so on.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you sir.

What is the difference between Present simple and Simple Present is it the same thing? little bit confusion kindly clear this for me

Hello syedarslan619,

Yes, they are the same. Please note that, with a few exceptions, we don't generally allow links to other sites.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I'm not talking to Nick at the moment because he was rude to me yesterday.

In the first part of the sentence I should use Present Continuous or Present Perfect?

Hello Svitlana1992,

It would unusual to use the present perfect with the adverbial phrase 'at the moment' -- the present continuous is your best choice here. 'at the moment' can mean right now and it can also mean 'these days'. In both cases, the present continuous is the most likely choice.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team