The present tense is the base form of the verb: I work in London.
But the third person (she/he/it) adds an -s: She works in London.


We use the present tense to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I’m nineteen years old.
He lives in London.
I’m a student.

  • something that happens again and again in the present:

I play football every weekend.

We use words like sometimes, often. always, and never (adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

  • something that is always true:

The adult human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.


  • something that is fixed in the future.

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 1945 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.


Questions and negatives

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?
Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?
Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

  • With the present tense, we use do and does to make questions. We use does for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do for the others.


 We use do and does with question words like where, what and why:


 But look at these questions with who:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis, but I don’t like football. (don’t = do not)
I don’t live in London now.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
They don’t work at the weekend.
John doesn’t live in Manchester. (doesn’t = does not)
Angela doesn’t drive to work. She goes by bus.

  • With the present tense we use do and does to make negatives. We use does not (doesn’t) for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do not (don’t) for the others.

Complete these sentences with don’t or doesn’t:




Hello Aoll212,

Yes, the form of the verb there is simple present.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

is any here who is talking with me and correct my grammer

hi sir
iam aggravaute from the narrow minded people
iam confuse about this sentence is it correct

Hello loida,

That sentence is not grammatically correct in standard British English. You can say 'aggravated' but need a different preposition ('I am aggravated with narrow-minded people'). Also, note that 'aggravate' is often used as a verb: 'Narrow-minded people aggravate me'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi sir i want to improve my english grammer

Hello again loida,

We have some advice on how to use our site for different purposes, including improving your grammar, on our Frequently asked questions page. I would particularly recommend working through Elementary Podcasts. I'd start with series 3 episode 1. Listen to the episode a couple of times - don't worry if you don't understand everything. Then listen again while reading the transcript. Search for new vocabulary in the dictionary and then do the exercises. Listen again and record vocabulary that is useful for you in a notebook, and practise pronouncing the words and phrases that you think could be useful in your speaking.

If you work this way, it will take a few hours to complete an episode, which can feel a bit slow, but you will learn a lot, including grammar, as you will see how it is used in real situations and do exercises to help with it as well.

Good luck!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Sir,

could you explain why we use present simple for something that is fixed in the future and don't use future tense ?

thank you

Hello Shelia Mhmd,

It does seem strange at first, doesn't it? This is just the way English has come to be used by its native speakers over time. If you haven't already seen them, our talking about the future and Future plans pages give a useful summary of the main tenses that you can use to talk about the future. Perhaps seeing them all together will help.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


Could you please elaborate a bit more or refer to a valid external resource about when we can skip do and does in questions? I'm curious about the rules for sentences with no auxiliary verbs like in questions starting with Who...

And a second question, is it always no do or does with who? What about: Who do you know? Is it correct?

Hello Jarek_O,

It would be helpful to include an example with your question as I'm not entirely sure if I've understood correctly. I guess that what you are referring to is this type of question:

Who killed the bear?

as opposed to this type of question:

Who did the bear kill?

The reason for the different structures here is that the first question is asking about the subject of the verb ('a subject question') while the second is asking about the object ('an object question'). You can read more about these alternatives on this page.

The sentence

Who do you know?

is perfectly fine. It is an object question. You can make a subject question also:

Who knows you?


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team