question forms


We make questions by:


1: moving an auxiliary to the front of the clause:

Everybody is watching >> Is everybody watching?
They had worked hard >> Had they worked hard?
He's finished work >> Has he finished work?
Everybody had been working hard >> Had everybody been working hard?
He has been singing >> Has he been singing?
English is spoken all over the world >> Is English spoken all over the world?
The windows have been cleaned >> Have the windows been cleaned?

2: … or by moving a modal to the front of the clause:

They will come >> Will they come?
He might come >> Might he come?
They will have arrived by now >> Will they have arrived by now?
She would have been listening >> Would she have been listening?
The work will be finished soon >> Will the work be finished soon?
They might have been invited to the party >> Might they have been invited to the party?

3: The present simple and the past simple have no auxiliary. We make questions by adding the auxillary do/does for the present simple or did for the past simple:

They live here >> Do they live here?
John lives here >> Does John live here?
Everybody laughed >> Did everybody laugh?





I would like to know all about indirect questions. How to make it, structure and so on.

I will be really thankful for your reply.

Kind regards.

Hello Ewigkeit,

Indirect questions are explained on our Reported questions page, where you can also find an exercise to practise them.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Indeed its very good Page if someone want to learn English.

This is cool! My English will much exercise here.

Hi English Team :)

I have 2 sentences and I wanna make questions about 'subject questions' (WH questions).
1. Ardi and Rizky write a letter. = who write a letter?
2. Ardi and Rizky are writing a letter. = who are writing a letter?

Is that right? if that's wrong, please explain me why :)

thank you

Hello nick,

When used as the subject of a wh-question, 'who' is followed by a singular verb. So your first question should be 'Who writes a letter?' and the second should be 'Who is writing a letter?'

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you so much...
so 'who' is followed by a singular verb though (in this context) the writer is more than 1 person, right?

Hello nick_axe,

That is correct. If the question is a subject question (who + verb) then the verb is singular. For example:

Who plays for Manchester United?

However, if the verb is 'be' then a plural verb is possible:

Who are the Manchester United players?

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Please, can someone say "they have worked hard". If yes, in what context?