question forms

 

We make questions by:

 

1: moving an auxiliary to the front of the clause:

Everybody is watching >> Is everybody watching?
They had worked hard >> Had they worked hard?
He's finished work >> Has he finished work?
Everybody had been working hard >> Had everybody been working hard?
He has been singing >> Has he been singing?
English is spoken all over the world >> Is English spoken all over the world?
The windows have been cleaned >> Have the windows been cleaned?

2: … or by moving a modal to the front of the clause:

They will come >> Will they come?
He might come >> Might he come?
They will have arrived by now >> Will they have arrived by now?
She would have been listening >> Would she have been listening?
The work will be finished soon >> Will the work be finished soon?
They might have been invited to the party >> Might they have been invited to the party?


3: The present simple and the past simple have no auxiliary. We make questions by adding the auxillary do/does for the present simple or did for the past simple:

They live here >> Do they live here?
John lives here >> Does John live here?
Everybody laughed >> Did everybody laugh?

 

Exercise

Comments

Dear Peter

It may sound random but I have no one to speak in english with me. My friends and teachers are f useless, and I really need to improve my spoken skills. I was wondering if you could give me some tips

Hello bravo2062,

It's hard for me to give you any really concrete suggestions as I don't know enough about you - your level, how you learn best and so on.  However, I can give you some general tips.

The first thing I would say is to not worry too much about making mistakes in English when you speak.  It's normal for our spoken language to be less accurate than our written language, even when we are speaking our native language. When we are speaking we often change our minds in mid-sentence, or choose to phrase something differently, or do not finish a particular sentence.  It is perfectly normal for our speech to be chaotic and less accurate, so don't worry too much about mistakes, practise speaking as often as you can and you will improve.

If you do not have a practice partner it does not mean that you cannot practise because it is possible to practise alone.  Just speaking English to yourself while you are at home, going about your normal daily activities, can help a great deal with your fluency and can help you to feel more confident, which will help you to cut down your hesitating.

You can also use the audio and video materials here on LearnEnglish to improve your fluency. After doing the exercises, try listening with the transcript (listening and reading). Then try saying the text yourself, and finally try saying it with (and at the same speed as) the recording. This will help you to develop speed in your speech, which is a key component of fluency.  You'll also pick up a lot of language as chunks - words which are often used together in set phrases - which you can use to communicate with less hesitation.

I hope those suggestions are helpful.

Best wishes and good luck,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello thendral sivamani,

Auxiliary verbs are sometimes called 'helper verbs', and this gives a good idea of their role.  They are grammatical in nature; they add grammatical meaning such as time, voice (passive), aspect (perfect or continuous) etc.

You can find a full definition and examples here.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,
i do not understand the sentence below
"English is spoken all over the world"
Past participles are use with perfect tenses? how we use "is" with past participle.
Thanks

Hello. This is a very useful website!
I would like to know what is the difference between:
- Have you got a ... ?
and
- Do you have got A ...?
When I have to use DO with the verb HAVE?
Thank you.

Hello PUBCI81,

There are two different verb constructions here:

have go and have

To form the questions we use the following:

Have you got...? and Do you have...?

To form the negative we use the following:

I haven't got... and I don't have...

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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