We make questions by:

 

1: moving an auxiliary to the front of the clause:

Everybody is watching >> Is everybody watching?
They had worked hard >> Had they worked hard?
He's finished work >> Has he finished work?
Everybody had been working hard >> Had everybody been working hard?
He has been singing >> Has he been singing?
English is spoken all over the world >> Is English spoken all over the world?
The windows have been cleaned >> Have the windows been cleaned?

2: … or by moving a modal to the front of the clause:

They will come >> Will they come?
He might come >> Might he come?
They will have arrived by now >> Will they have arrived by now?
She would have been listening >> Would she have been listening?
The work will be finished soon >> Will the work be finished soon?
They might have been invited to the party >> Might they have been invited to the party?


3: The present simple and the past simple have no auxiliary. We make questions by adding the auxillary do/does for the present simple or did for the past simple:

They live here >> Do they live here?
John lives here >> Does John live here?
Everybody laughed >> Did everybody laugh?

 

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello, again!
Alex: "What subject do you like the most?"
Mark: "I like English best."
Why do we use "the most" and then we use "best" in this dialogue? What is the difference between the most and best?
Thank you for all the help?

Hello Sash,

In this context both can be used with the same meaning - there is no difference between 'like the best' and 'like the most'.

The second speaker chooses 'best' in order to avoid repetition; if the first speaker had said 'best' then the second speaker could have said 'the most' for the same reason.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

"The price for a pack of brown sugar is high." How do I analyze this sentence? Is there a lesson or material you can refer me to, please? Why is everything a subject

Hello Sash,

Can you please be more specific? What is it about the sentence that you don't understand? I'm afraid I don't understand what you mean when you say 'Why is everything a subject', as I don't see the word 'everything' in the sentence, and the subject of that sentence seems to be the price of a pack of sugar.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk,
Thank you for your quick response.
It confuses me when the subject is the noun phrase like in this example. What kind of words are
"price", "pack", "sugar".

Hello Sash,

A noun phrase can be as short as one word or as long as anyone wishes to make it, though past a certain point it becomes hard to follow the sense of the sentence!

A noun phrase is a word or a group of words which together act as the subject, the object or a complement in a sentence. Noun phrases can contain other noun phrases, as in your example. Provided the whole thing acts as the subject, the object or the complement of a verb, it is a noun phrase.

You can read more about noun phrases here.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

What is que tag for this

Everybody has a pen. Don't they? Or haven't they?

Considering simple present takes do or does but doubt in has/have cases.

Hello Sunny21parikh,

Both can be used. 'don't they' is the most logical one, as it is the question tag for 'has' in this case, but 'haven't they' is also fine, as it is the question tag for 'has got', which is also possible here.

By the way, we have a page on question tags that might be helpful to you.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello!

I want to know if "You are Thai, aren't you?" is more appropriate than "Are you Thai?" in the context of one stranger wanting to start a conversation with another. Let's say it is not obvious that the person spoken to is Thai. It is two people waiting for a bus (informal).

I think "You are Thai, aren't you?" sounds more polite, and it seems to invite further conversation. Do you agree?

Which sentence is correct :
Who is the person you recognized at the cinema last night?
Or
Who is the person you had recognized at the cinema last night?

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