question forms


We make questions by:


1: moving an auxiliary to the front of the clause:

Everybody is watching >> Is everybody watching?
They had worked hard >> Had they worked hard?
He's finished work >> Has he finished work?
Everybody had been working hard >> Had everybody been working hard?
He has been singing >> Has he been singing?
English is spoken all over the world >> Is English spoken all over the world?
The windows have been cleaned >> Have the windows been cleaned?

2: … or by moving a modal to the front of the clause:

They will come >> Will they come?
He might come >> Might he come?
They will have arrived by now >> Will they have arrived by now?
She would have been listening >> Would she have been listening?
The work will be finished soon >> Will the work be finished soon?
They might have been invited to the party >> Might they have been invited to the party?

3: The present simple and the past simple have no auxiliary. We make questions by adding the auxillary do/does for the present simple or did for the past simple:

They live here >> Do they live here?
John lives here >> Does John live here?
Everybody laughed >> Did everybody laugh?




Question :
I am extremely confused about are / do question form.
For example , both "are you saying he is stupid ? " and "do you saying he is stupid ?" sound
correct to me.
Why "do you smoke ? " and "are you okey ?" are correct ?
why I can't say "are you smoke ?" or "do you okey ?"
I simply cannot understand grammar rule of question form
Please help me !

Hello virginuncle,

As it says on the page, we make a question by moving the auxiliary to the front. If there is no auxiliary then we use 'do' (in the correct form). For example:

'She is saying he is stupid' > there is an auxiliary ('is') so we move it to the front:

Is she saying he is stupid?

'She smokes' > there is no auxiliary, so we use 'do':

Does she smoke?

We do not use 'be' to make questions unless it is already there in the affirmative sentence.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


So, can I say that only auxiliary verbs have negative forms (plus modals)?

Hello Rackel,

Not really. You can have negative infinitives, for example ('to not go'). It is also possible, though unusual, to use 'have not' as a main verb:

He hadn't any time.

This is very formal, but not incorrect.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Which is correct?
''Who did he give the flowers?'' or ''Who did he give the flowers to?''

Hello LarisaAlizada,

In this sentence you need the preposition at the end. Many questions work like this in English:

Who did he give the flowers to?

Where are you from?

Who did you go with?

What did you do it for?

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Good morning, i wanna ask if there are another ways to form a question ?


There are many ways to ask questions, such as with intonation or facial expressions, but questions as a grammatical form are as described.

Did you have a particular example in mind? If so, please post it and we'll be happy to comment.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

What is your name?
Why your car was sold?
Who stole your money?
Which town is developed?
Where is the village of your friend?
When is your birthday?
Are they correct? What kind of questions are they?