question forms


We make questions by:


1: moving an auxiliary to the front of the clause:

Everybody is watching >> Is everybody watching?
They had worked hard >> Had they worked hard?
He's finished work >> Has he finished work?
Everybody had been working hard >> Had everybody been working hard?
He has been singing >> Has he been singing?
English is spoken all over the world >> Is English spoken all over the world?
The windows have been cleaned >> Have the windows been cleaned?

2: … or by moving a modal to the front of the clause:

They will come >> Will they come?
He might come >> Might he come?
They will have arrived by now >> Will they have arrived by now?
She would have been listening >> Would she have been listening?
The work will be finished soon >> Will the work be finished soon?
They might have been invited to the party >> Might they have been invited to the party?

3: The present simple and the past simple have no auxiliary. We make questions by adding the auxillary do/does for the present simple or did for the past simple:

They live here >> Do they live here?
John lives here >> Does John live here?
Everybody laughed >> Did everybody laugh?




Please, can someone say "they have worked hard". If yes, in what context?

of course it's okay it refers to the present perfect tense

Hi Ify,

Yes, that's a perfectly good sentence. Of course, there are a huge number of possible contexts it would make sense in, but you could use it to talk about a team or group of people who have just completed a difficult task together.

The LearnEnglish Team

I have a grammar problem, I argue it with my lecture in the last meeting. it's about possessive adjective and poss. pronoun. example of p.adj: my, your, their etc. and for p.pronoun e.g: mine, yours, theirs. My question is, can I apply possessive pronoun for person's name? for example in poss.adj: it is your book, but that is eva's book. It is easy because it uses aphostrophe and followed by noun. NOW, how about possessive pronoun? example for Dennie: this is Eva's book, but that is Dennies/Dennie's? of course by using poss.pronoun it is not followed by noun, but should I use aphostrophe or not?

Hello AhmadDennie,

Yes, you can use 's irrespective of whether or not a noun follows. Both of these are correct.

Whose book is it?

It's Paul's book.

It's Paul's.

Note that if the name ends in an 's' then we can either place the apostrophe after the 's' or add it to the end as normal:

It's Denis' book / It's Denis's book.

It's Denis' / It's Denis's.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

I am checking a teacher's notebook and I saw following question in it. Please let me know if it is correctly worded because I think it is not:

:What preparation Charles did for battle of rivers?
thank you

Hello fatimaashraft38,

You are correct that that sentence is not correct. The correct form would be:

How did Charles prepare for the Battle of...

You would need to complete this with the correct name of the battle, which I do not know - you will need to check this as 'battle of rivers' is certainly not correct.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there!
I found these questions:
'How many people used the subway in 2004?
How many people cycle in NY?'
and I was wondering why you don't use the auxillary did/do to make the questions.
Is it perhaps because 'How many people' is the subject and you use the same rule as with who/what/which as subject in questions? I mean questions like: 'What happened?', where 'what' is the subject.
Thank you very much for a reply

Hello Monica,

Yes, that's correct - when the question word refers to the subject, the auxiliary verb 'do/does/did' is not used. Good work!

Best regards,
The LearnEnglish Team