We make questions by:

 

1: moving an auxiliary to the front of the clause:

Everybody is watching >> Is everybody watching?
They had worked hard >> Had they worked hard?
He's finished work >> Has he finished work?
Everybody had been working hard >> Had everybody been working hard?
He has been singing >> Has he been singing?
English is spoken all over the world >> Is English spoken all over the world?
The windows have been cleaned >> Have the windows been cleaned?

2: … or by moving a modal to the front of the clause:

They will come >> Will they come?
He might come >> Might he come?
They will have arrived by now >> Will they have arrived by now?
She would have been listening >> Would she have been listening?
The work will be finished soon >> Will the work be finished soon?
They might have been invited to the party >> Might they have been invited to the party?


3: The present simple and the past simple have no auxiliary. We make questions by adding the auxillary do/does for the present simple or did for the past simple:

They live here >> Do they live here?
John lives here >> Does John live here?
Everybody laughed >> Did everybody laugh?

 

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello can anyone tell me which one is correct and why
Who goes to your apartment? Who did go to your apartment? , and
Who gave Lena this expensive watch? Who did give Lena this expensive watch?
Is there like a rule or something when to use did and when not?

Hello Sash,

I think the correct forms would be:

Who went to your apartment?

Who gave Lena this expensive watch?

 

These are examples of subject questions. You can find more information on these on this page.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

Is there any good way to punctuate the sentences nicely?

Hello maqsoodahmedmagsi,

Your sentence is punctuated correctly. If you have questions about another sentence you're welcome to ask them. The more specific your question, the better we can answer it.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi

Just wondering if sentence below is correct:

I can see that in your house rules infant wouldn't be allowed to stay in, is it?

I think the tag question is incorrect. But are there any other mistakes?

Thanks.

Hello Hugong,

I'm afraid we aren't able to correct users' texts, as it requires quite a lot of time on our part, far more than we have available for this sort of thing. But, to try to answer your question, that's correct, the question tag in that sentence is a bit odd (though comprehensible). You could change it to 'right?' and it would work a bit better. In general, my impression is that question tags are probably used most often in simpler sentences, so something like 'According to the House Rules, children aren't allowed, are they?' would be more common. (Note that 'infant' is much more specific than 'children'.)

You can read more about them on our Question tags page.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Krik,

Thanks for your answering. Followed what you have said where tag questions are used in simpler question, do you mean that the question tag shouldn't be used in a complex question at all? The reason I'm asking is that I always hear native speaker say that kind of question statement and I think that there is no 'is' verb in the sentence and why is it the tag 'is it' can be used? So I want to figure out the correctness of the sentence. Hope you can help.

Also would you happen to have passage about words linking as well as I wish to learn that?

Thanks
Hugo

Hello Hugo,

I just meant that, as far as I can think, question tags tend to be used in simpler questions; I wouldn't say that they are never used in complex questions.

If you can give an example of a sentence you've heard that you don't understand, then we can try to help, but I'm afraid otherwise it's very difficult.

As for linking words, we have one page (in spite of / despite / although) and then I'm sure you can find them mentioned in many of the Elementary Podcasts, but I'm afraid I don't know which ones of the top of my head. You could also look them up in the dictionary to see example sentences or search the internet for 'linking words' to learn more.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk,

Thanks for the explanation. Suddenly I couldn't think of any. I hope I could ask when I hear one.

As for the linking words, sorry that I didn't make it clear. What I meant is the linking between consonant and vowel when we speak a sentences. I know that native speakers use that very often, right?

Thanks Kirk

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