1. When we know about the future we normally use the present tense.

  • We use the present simple for something scheduled or arranged:

We have a lesson next Monday.
The train arrives at 6.30 in the morning.
The holidays start next week.
It is my birthday tomorrow.

  • We can use the present continuous for plans or arrangements:

I’m playing football tomorrow.
They are coming to see us tomorrow.
We’re having a party at Christmas.

2. We use will to talk about the future:

  • When we make predictions:

It will be a nice day tomorrow.
I think Brazil will win the World Cup.
I’m sure you will enjoy the film.

  • To mean want to or be willing to:

I hope you will come to my party.
George says he will help us.

  • To make offers and promises:

I'll see you tomorrow.
We'll send you an email.

  • To talk about offers and promises:

Tim will be at the meeting.
Mary will help with the cooking.

3. We use (be) going to:

  • To talk about plans and intentions:

I’m going to drive to work today.
They are going to move to Manchester.

  • When we can see that something is likely to happen:

Be careful! You are going to fall.
Look at those black clouds. I think it’s going to rain.


4. We often use verbs like would like, plan, want, mean, hope, expect to talk about the future:

What are you going to do next year? I’d like to go to University.
We plan to go to France for our holidays.
George wants to buy a new car.

5. We use modals may, might, and could when we are not sure about the future:

I might stay at home tonight, or I might go to the cinema.
We could see Mary at the meeting. She sometimes goes.

6. We can use should if we think something is likely to happen:

We should be home in time for tea.
The game should be over by eight o’clock.

7. Clauses with time words:

In clauses with time words like when, after, and until we often use a present tense form to talk about the future:

I’ll come home when I finish work.
You must wait here until your father comes.
They are coming after they have had dinner.

8. Clauses with if:

In clauses with if we often use a present tense form to talk about the future:

We won’t be able to go out if it rains.
If Barcelona win tomorrow they will be champions.

WARNING: We do not normally use will in clauses with if or with time words:

I’ll come home when I will finish work.
We won’t be able to go out if it will rain rains.

But we can use will if it means a promise or offer:

I will be very happy if you will come to my party.
We should finish the job early if George will help us.

9. We can use the future continuous instead of the present continuous or going to for emphasis when we are talking about plans, arrangements and intentions:

They’ll be coming to see us next week.
I will be driving to work tomorrow.

 

 

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Good evening, Everyone.

First, I would like to thank you a lot for the precious lessons, activities and advice given.

I would like to know a little bit more about the use of Present Simple Tense in order to express Future event (Scheduled event).

Most of us know that not all the verbs, but there is a defined list of verbs which could be used in order to express Future while using the Present tense i.e. (Arrive / Be / Begin / Close / Depart / End / Finish / Fly / Leave / Open / Start).

However, I found in some internet sites and in some books, some additional verbs (not mentioned in the above defined list of verbs) which are used in such expression,

Example:
1- She has a Yoga class, tomorrow morning.
2- My sister gets married, next month.
3- The train departs from the station at 1:00 p.m. and gets to Delhi at 8:00 p.m.

I don't really know if the auxiliary (to have) could be included among the list of verbs defined above. Otherwise, regarding the verb (to get) I think that it would be better to write and say:

2- My sister is getting married, next month.
3- The train departs from the station at 1:00 p.m. and arrives to Delhi at 8:00 p.m.

Thank you, in advance, for your answer and for your precious help.
Best wishes.

Mr. Moha.

Hello Mr. Moha,

I think there is a little confusion in your comment. There is no list of verbs which can express future meaning through the present simple. Virtually any verb can do this, given the appropriate context. In other words, so long as the verb describes an activity which can be scheduled then we can use the present simple with future meaning. For example:

Manchester United plays Real Madrid on Tuesday.

Maria sings solo next week.

It is true that certain verbs lend themselves to describing scheduled events and so are often used in this way, but that does not mean that they are the only verbs which can do this.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Good evening, Mr. Peter.

Thank you a lot for your answer and for your precious help.
In fact, I'm an English Language Teacher and I'm preparing this lesson for my Learners, for tomorrow.

Now, everything is understood and there will be no doubt on it, in the future.
Thank you again :)

Best wishes.
Moha.

(Could you please call me Moha) --- "Mr." was used just to make you know that I'm a man :)

hello how are you sir?
can you provide me a complete list of time words?
and can i use " then " as a time word.

I'll right the report then i make some notes.
or
I'll write the report then I'll make some notes.

which one is the correct sentence?

Hello ahmednagar,

I'm afraid we don't provide lists of this sort. There are websites with such lists, however, I am sure. I would note that 'time words' is not a grammatical category. There are many ways to talk about time, including 'then'. You might find these pages useful:

adverbials of time

time and dates

The correct form is 'write' in your example. However, I think you can check this very easily yourself. Just look up each word in a dictionary (there are many available online) and see which spelling matches the meaning you require. We answer many comments each day and it is helpful if you can find the answer to such questions yourself - that way we have more time for the questions which require our help.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

i revised this page and originally asked about "then" i mistakenly wrote right instead of write.
examples are;

1) I'll write the report then I'll make some notes.
2) I'll write the report then i make some notes.

above examples which is correct , or both correct? here after "then" both present simple and future tense are possible or not.
i think example#2 is more natural than example#1. please explain

Hello ahmednagar,

The first sentence is correct. The second version is not consistent in its time reference, as the present simple suggests a time which is not after the 'will' form, and so the time reference is not logical.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

ok thank you so much, and you said second is not correct because of inconsistent in its time. i did search on online different dictionaries, i have come across a sentence.

first Lewis will give a TV interview. then comes into main news conference.
instead of
first Lewis will give a TV interview. then she/he will come into main news conference.

does here present simple agree with the 'will' form, Please explain and thanks advanced.

Hello ahmednagar,

In this context the news conference clearly has a scheduled or fixed time, and so the present simple is possible. In your first example the action ('taking notes') was not part of a fixed timetable and so could not use the present simple in this way.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

thank you so much now I've understood well.

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