1. When we know about the future we normally use the present tense.

  • We use the present simple for something scheduled or arranged:

We have a lesson next Monday.
The train arrives at 6.30 in the morning.
The holidays start next week.
It is my birthday tomorrow.

  • We can use the present continuous for plans or arrangements:

I’m playing football tomorrow.
They are coming to see us tomorrow.
We’re having a party at Christmas.

2. We use will to talk about the future:

  • When we make predictions:

It will be a nice day tomorrow.
I think Brazil will win the World Cup.
I’m sure you will enjoy the film.

  • To mean want to or be willing to:

I hope you will come to my party.
George says he will help us.

  • To make offers and promises:

I'll see you tomorrow.
We'll send you an email.

  • To talk about offers and promises:

Tim will be at the meeting.
Mary will help with the cooking.

3. We use (be) going to:

  • To talk about plans and intentions:

I’m going to drive to work today.
They are going to move to Manchester.

  • When we can see that something is likely to happen:

Be careful! You are going to fall.
Look at those black clouds. I think it’s going to rain.


4. We often use verbs like would like, plan, want, mean, hope, expect to talk about the future:

What are you going to do next year? I’d like to go to University.
We plan to go to France for our holidays.
George wants to buy a new car.

5. We use modals may, might, and could when we are not sure about the future:

I might stay at home tonight, or I might go to the cinema.
We could see Mary at the meeting. She sometimes goes.

6. We can use should if we think something is likely to happen:

We should be home in time for tea.
The game should be over by eight o’clock.

7. Clauses with time words:

In clauses with time words like when, after, and until we often use a present tense form to talk about the future:

I’ll come home when I finish work.
You must wait here until your father comes.
They are coming after they have had dinner.

8. Clauses with if:

In clauses with if we often use a present tense form to talk about the future:

We won’t be able to go out if it rains.
If Barcelona win tomorrow they will be champions.

WARNING: We do not normally use will in clauses with if or with time words:

I’ll come home when I will finish work.
We won’t be able to go out if it will rain rains.

But we can use will if it means a promise or offer:

I will be very happy if you will come to my party.
We should finish the job early if George will help us.

9. We can use the future continuous instead of the present continuous or going to for emphasis when we are talking about plans, arrangements and intentions:

They’ll be coming to see us next week.
I will be driving to work tomorrow.

 

 

Exercise

Section: 
Teaser: 

There are more ways than you think to talk about the future in English!

Comments

Hello,
I'm studying now the ways to talk about future and I have read about future fact but I don't really understand it well please could you give me information about it

Hello sunrisereham,

I'm not quite sure what you mean, and we can't really offer long explanations of broad areas in the comments sections - that is what the page content is for! Perhaps you could provide an example sentence that you find confusing, and we'll be happy to answer your question.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Sir !
m here to enhance my learning English n wanna b professional in both skills speaking n writing...hope this site wl be helpful....enjoyed d activity ,firstly got 50 50 result means 3 mistakes n 3 correct ans n again did try n got 100% result. hope u wll b there to guide me. regards.

Hi.
I'm wondering if there is possible to use present continuous after be going to? EX:

I'm going to be digging the grave
I'm going to dig the grave.

What's the difference? Any grammar rules for that?

Thanks in advance.

Hello,
I am a little confused. I have a sentce like this:
Tomorrow at 10 a.m. my brother (sit) .............................................. his A-levels.
I wrote "is going to sit" and found out that it is incorrect. Could you please explain it to me?

Hello Sonnae,

Who is telling you this sentence is wrong? Is it a sentence on LearnEnglish? If it isn't, then you really need to ask the person who is telling you that it's wrong. We don't discuss other people's exercises, only our own.

 

Best wishes,

Adam

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello! I'm a little confused, could you advise me, please? :) When not being sure about future which sentence is it correct to use: 1. I don't know if I CAN come tomorrow to the party 2. I don't know If I COULD come tomorrow to the party.

Hello Yura_Tea,

The sentence with 'can' is the correct one here. See our can or could page for more on this topic.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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