talking about the present

 

1. We use the present simple:

  • to talk about something happening regularly in the present:

The children come home from school at about four.
We often see your brother at work.

  •  to talk about something happening continually in the present:

They live next door to us.
He works for the Post Office.

  •  to talk about things which are generally true:

Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
The Nile is the longest river in Africa.

2. We use the present continuous:

  • to show that something in the present is temporary:

We are living in a rented flat at present.
My wife usually goes in to the office, but she is working at home today.

  • for something happening regularly in the present before and after a given time:

I’m usually getting ready for work at eight o’clock.
When I see George he’s always reading his newspaper.

  • for something happening before and after the moment of speaking:

I can’t hear you. I’m listening to my iPod.
Be quiet. The children are sleeping.

3. We use modal verbs

  • to talk about the present when we are not sure of something:

I don’t know where Henry is. He might be playing tennis.
Who’s knocking at the door? I don’t know. It could be the police.

 

 

Exercise

Comments

He is placed in infosys.

He has placed in infosys.

He got placed in infosys
Plz explain tbe difference with proper timeline and context... I be very thankful..

in the examples of present simple to talk about something happening continually in the present:
1. They live next door to us.
2. He works for the Post Office.
is it possible to use present continous to mean the same?
example 1. they are living next door to us
2. he is working for the post office

Hello Oscas Po,

You can use the present continuous in those sentences, but the meaning is not the same:

They live next door to us. [a permanent state]

They are living next door to us. [a temporary situation which is true at the moment]

He works for the Post Office. [this is his permanent job]

He is working for the Post Office. [at the moment, but probably not for ever]

I hope that help to clarify it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

 

Hello,

I'd like to know about these two sentences.
We are open on 18 march.
We are closed at lunch time.

The problem is are these two sentences passive form or 'open and close' act as the adjectives? If it is passive form why they use 'open' instead of 'opened'?

Thank you.

Hello bimsara,

The first sentence here is best thought of as having an adjective, for the reason which you give - that we would use the past participle 'opened' rather than 'open'.  The second sentence could be seen as either, but I think it is more helpful to consider it an adjectival form as it describes the state of the business rather than a particular action of closing.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello there,

We have known each other for long time. This is a present perfect sentence. And I'd like to know that can we use 'for' with present simple sentences?As an example

We know each other for long time.
And also what are the sentence pattens that we can use 'yet'? I only know present perfect.

Thank you.

Hello bimsara,

We would use the present perfect in the sentence you suggest, provided the two people still know one another:

We have known each other for long time.

If, on the other hand, they no longer know each other (because they, for example, lost contact with each other long ago), then we would use a past form:

We knew each other for long time.

We would not use a present form with this construction as this use of 'for' by definition involves a non-present time reference.

With this meaning, 'yet' can also be used with past perfect forms.  As with the present perfect, it is used with a negative verb:

I called, but he hadn't arrived yet.

We do not use 'yet' with future perfect forms ('will have').  Instead we use 'by then', and can use this with positive or negative verbs:

I will have finished the job by then.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

Could we use 'for' with past perfect and past perfect continuous?.As examples,

We had known each other for long time.
I had been sitting there for hours.

Thank you.

Hello bimsara,

Yes, it's perfectly fine to use 'for' with those verb forms.  In fact, it's very common to use it with perfect verb forms, whether present perfect, past perfect or future perfect (will have).  You should, though, remember the article in the phrase 'a long time'.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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