talking about the present

 

1. We use the present simple:

  • to talk about something happening regularly in the present:

The children come home from school at about four.
We often see your brother at work.

  •  to talk about something happening continually in the present:

They live next door to us.
He works for the Post Office.

  •  to talk about things which are generally true:

Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
The Nile is the longest river in Africa.

2. We use the present continuous:

  • to show that something in the present is temporary:

We are living in a rented flat at present.
My wife usually goes in to the office, but she is working at home today.

  • for something happening regularly in the present before and after a given time:

I’m usually getting ready for work at eight o’clock.
When I see George he’s always reading his newspaper.

  • for something happening before and after the moment of speaking:

I can’t hear you. I’m listening to my iPod.
Be quiet. The children are sleeping.

3. We use modal verbs

  • to talk about the present when we are not sure of something:

I don’t know where Henry is. He might be playing tennis.
Who’s knocking at the door? I don’t know. It could be the police.

 

 

Exercise

Comments

Hello mangeshnik,

We often use the phrases 'go into work' or 'go into the office' with the same meaning as 'go to work' or 'go to the office'.  In this context either of the forms you suggest would be acceptable.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir,
Thank you very much for your reply.
English is a very wonderful language.
I feel very happy and lucky that I came across this website.
Thank you once again.

HELLO,
What tips would you give to any students thinking of coming to study in the UK
 
Can we write that above mentioned sentence in these ways and is the meaning same?

  1. What tips would you give to any students who think of coming to study in UK.
  2. What tips would you give to any students thinking to come to study in the UK
  3. What tips would you give to any students thinking of coming and studying in the UK.

And also there is no relative pronoun in original sentence.It is the subject of the relative clause.I have learned that if the relative pronoun is the subject of a clause we cant omit that.Can you explain these things?
 
Thank you.

Hello bimsara,

No, none of those sentences are correct.  The correct versions would be:

1. What tips would you give to any students who are thinking of coming to study in UK.
2. What tips would you give to any students thinking of coming to study in the UK. [the same as the original]
3. What tips would you give to any students thinking of coming to and studying in the UK.

The reason there is no relative pronoun in the first sentence is not that the relative pronoun is missed out - if that was the case then the sentence would have '...any students are thinking of...' - but that it is a participle clause or a reduced relative clause.  In other words, it is not jus the relative pronoun which is missed out but everything up to the -ing form.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello peter,

Why can't we use 'to come'?
What tips would you give to any students who are thinking 'to come' to study in UK.

Thank you.

Hello bimsara,

I can't really tell you why we 'think to do something' is not correct!  This is simply how the language works, I'm afraid.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

hi peter,

It means can't we use 'to+infinitive' with thinking? Is it like that, what are the other gerunds work in this way?

I'm thinking of going there
We're thinking of staying here tonight.

Hope these sentences also wrong with to+infinitive.
Thank you.

Hi bimsara,

That is correct: the verb think is not followed by a to infinitive to express the meaning you have in mind. Verbs are followed by certain forms; think in this sense is followed by the preposition of, and verbs after prepositions always go in the -ing form.

The two sentences at the end are both correct, and neither would be correct with the to infinitive.

The prepositions that can follow verbs are best learned on a case by case basis, as there is most often no particular logic to them. If you'd like such a list, however, there are some on our Verbs & Prepositions page.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk,

Thank you for your help.But i don't why "What tips would you give to any students who think of coming to study in the UK" is wrong.It's present simple form.And also what are the reduced relative clauses means?In these sentences it means without 'are' after the 'any students'?

What tips would you give to any students (are) thinking of coming to study in the UK.

Thank you.

\

Hi bimsara,

When think is used in the present simple, it means believe. Here, it is being used to refer to plans, and therefore must be used in a continuous form.

We're focused on answering users' questions about the content on LearnEnglish and specific questions - I'm afraid I just don't have the time to explain general topics such as reduced relative clauses in detail when there are so many other questions from other users which are directly related to the site.

I'd suggest you read our relative pronouns page, which I think will help you, and you might also want to do an internet search for "reduced relative clauses" - I'm sure there are useful explanations out there.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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