the verb be


The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.







Hello, why into the section: Gradable adjective at the sentence number 4 there is written:
I'm a bit on late,AREN'T I?... Is it a mistake? In this case hours do you write it?

Hello Fernando,

Yes, that is correct. It's called a question tag – you can find more information about this on the page linked to and also in the video on our Snowdon 1 Language Focus page.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi English Team,

What´s the correct meanning of "where are you up to," as I have heard it somewhere.

Thanks & regards,

Hello Dona,

That doesn't make sense to me with 'where', but 'what are you up to?' is an extremely common way of asking what someone is doing. You can see a definition and examples in the dictionary by searching for 'be up to sth' (sth=something).

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi English Team,

Please explain to me the difference between "your value" and "value of you."

Thanks n regards,

Hi Dona S,

I can't think of an instance when I'd use 'value of you' – 'your value' is what I'd say. If you've seen the former used somewhere, please give the context and we'll try to explain it.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi English Team

Please look at the two sentences below;

1. I had too much coffee.

2. I had too much "of " coffee.

What´s the correct sentence or are they both correct? Please explain to me how to use "of " in these kind of sentences correctly.

Thanks n regards,

Hello Dona S,

1 is correct and 2 is not correct. You might want to listen to section 7 of Elementary Podcasts Series 2 Episode 3, in which Tom the Teacher explains 'too' and 'very' a bit, but in general, 'too much' is used with uncount nouns and 'too much of' only with singular count nouns, e.g. 'I had too much of the birthday cake'.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team