The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.








is it possible or not to use "were" like this : we were lived here in 2015. ?

Hello aa,

The sentence you ask about is an example of a passive verb form. It is formed correctly, but because 'live' is an intransitive verb, it is not used in the passive – therefore that sentence doesn't make any sense.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

thank you so much sir. what about if we used it like this sir :
"if we were lived here, our cat would not die like that."
many thanks for your answer.

Hello aa,

The correct form here would be 'If we lived here, our cat would not die like that'. The tense needed is past simple, which does not require 'were' unless it is a passive form, as Kirk said.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

I want to know whether this statement, " I WANT TO ADMIT MYSELF INTO A COLLEGE", is correct. Do favour me....

Hello Ali Azam Russell,

No, 'admit' doesn't generally take a reflexive pronoun and certainly not in this context. I'd suggest something like 'I'd like to be admitted to a college' or 'I'd like to get into a college' as alternatives.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Nice to see you all....
What is the specific difference between Finite Verb and Principal Verb? Give some examples also....

Hello Ali Azam Russell,

'Finite' and 'nonfinite' are terms that we don't generally use here, as they're a bit specialised for most learners. I'd suggest you check the wikipedia article on Finite verbs for more information on that. A principal verb generally refers to the main verb of a sentence or clause. For example, in 'I haven't seen my best friend in ages', 'see' is the principal verb, which is in a present perfect form – 'have' is the auxiliary verb and 'seen' is the past participle form of the main verb 'see'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

in question with be such as are you a student?are is auxiliary and main verb?

What are the functions of adjectives in different sentences ? Please give some examples. Love to you all.