the verb be


The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.







Are has, have and had, coming under the verb "BE"? I am not very sure. Please advise. Also If there is a sentence to choose correct grammar:
The girl..............(be) living in London since 2012. Could we choose "has been " as the answer, with the clue within brackets. or not?

Many thanks,

Hello Darshanie,

The words 'has', 'have' and 'had' can be auxiliary verbs which are used to form perfect forms with all verbs, including 'be'. For example, to make the present perfect of 'be' we use 'have been' or 'has been'.

In your example 'has been' would be correct.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Can i know the answer
Bordox (2009) suggested that humans _____ (be) able to live on Mars by the year 2050

Many studies _____________ (carry out) on the effects of carbon dioxide on our environment.

Hello tya,

Why don't you tell us what you think?

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

1) being
2) carried out

is it correct?

Hello tya,

There are several possibilities for each example.

For the first sentence you could say 'will be', 'would be', 'should be', 'may be', 'might be', 'could be' and more - which is more appropriate will depend upon the context and the speaker's intention.

For the second sentence you could say 'are being carried out', 'have been carried out', 'will be carried out', 'are going to be carried out', 'were carried out' and more. Again, the context and the speaker's intention are key.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi LearnEnglish Team,

I have a doubt about these two sentences. Please explain which one is gramatically very correct.

(1) I go out once a week. (2) I go once a week out.

Awaiting your response.

Thank you

Hello Dona,

Intransitive phrasal verbs such as 'go out' are non-separable, i.e. the particle 'out' is never separated from 'go'. Therefore, only sentence 1 is correct.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team