the verb be


The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.







What does the usage of 'be' mean? Why is 'be' here?
Peace be on you.
Glorified and exalted be He (God) above all that they associate with Him.

Hello there,

This's been a hard work for them.
It's been a long day.

Could you please tell me 's' is 'has' or 'is' there?

Thank you.

Hello there,

This's been hard work for them.
It's been a long day.

Could you please explain what does 's' mean. Is it 'is' or 'has' in above 2 sentences.

Thank you.

Dear English Team,

Please explaín to me the difference between "fed up with" and "fed up of".

Thanks n regards

Hello Dona S,

Traditionally, the correct form was 'with' and 'of' is more recent. However, in modern English both are used interchangeably and neither is considered incorrect, thought 'of' is less common in American English, I believe.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi English Team,

Please explain to me how to use "think of" and "think about" also "dream of" and "dream about".

Thanks n regards

Hello Dona S,

'Think of' usually means 'imagine' or 'invent'. For example:

I can't think of a better example!

Think of a number, any number.

'Think about' usually means 'consider' or 'reflect on'. For example:

I'll think about your offer and let you know my answer.

I can't stop thinking about her!

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

can you explain " it had to be different" in clear way with examples.