the verb be


The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.







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plz explain the difference sir..and their meaning context wise.

I am teaching English language at Banmaisamukkhi school and I love it so much.

Hi LearnEnglish Team,

Could you please explain how to use "in holidays" and "on holidays" correctly.


Hello Dona,

As far as I know, in is not used with "holiday(s)". You can go or be on holiday, go home for the holidays or work over or during the holidays, but I can't think of an instance when I'd say in holidays.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Kirk. I normally use "on" with holidays, but I heard a guy say, "I work in my holidays" in a video on LearnEnglish Teens. Because of that I wanted to ask you and make sure whether "in" is used with holidays. Thank you once again.

Hi LearnEnglish Team,

Could you explain the correct usage of "made of " something and "made from" something. (eg: bread is "made of" flour and bread is "made from" flour) Is there any difference between these two?
Awaiting your reply.
Thank you

Hi Dona S,

Normally, made of is used to describe the material used to make something. For example, we can say that a house is made of wood or stone (or whatever). But when the material used to make something undergoes a significant transformation, made from is normally used. For example, paper is made from trees. When speaking about how to prepare some kind of food, often with is used: bread is made with wheat flour, water, salt and yeast.

I hope this helps.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi iam new here and i woul like your help, becouse i wont learn english.

Hi leitor,

Welcome to LearnEnglish! My first suggestion would be to explore the site.  Use the links at the top of the page to go to different sections and see what kinds of materials are available.  Get a feel for the level of difficulty of different sections so you can see what will be most useful to you at the moment.

Then start with something that is not too high a level. Many users find Elementary Podcasts Series Three a good place to start.  Work through the episodes, and remember that you can use the transcript to help you, or to read and listen to at the same time after you have done the exercises. As you work, it's important to keep a vocabulary notebook. Organise it by topic ('work', 'family', 'food', etc.) and add words and phrases to it as you go through the material.  Test yourself regularly to see if you remember the words.

Finally, practise English every day, even if it's only for 10 minutes. You can study the vocabulary you've recorded, listen to an Elementary Podcasts episode again, or if you have a friend who is also learning English, practise speaking with them. You can also practise by yourself, just speaking English when you are alone at home or at work.  This kind of practice is great for developing fluency in speaking, so that when you need to use English in the 'real' world you are ready and confident.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team