the verb be


The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.







Hi English Team,

Please explain to me the difference between "how´s the weather"? and "What´s the weather like"?

Thanks n regards,

Hello Dona S,

There's not always necessarily a difference between these two questions, but the first one could be asking for someone's opinion more than the second one. For example, if I asked many of my Spanish friends 'How's the weather?' and it's raining, they'd be likely to say 'bad', even though I might be happy about rain. 'What's the weather like?' is more likely to elicit a description of the weather (without evaluation or opinion). But often, this difference is not there, so please don't think this difference is always inherent in the two question forms.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

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help me fix my mistake about grammar... thank you very much

Hello Diakay Phan,

I'm afraid we don't correct texts like this one – we are simply too small a team with too much work to be able to offer this service.

If you have a specific question about a specific sentence, however, please ask us, telling us as much as you can about what you're uncertain of, and we'll do our best to help you.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, why into the section: Gradable adjective at the sentence number 4 there is written:
I'm a bit on late,AREN'T I?... Is it a mistake? In this case hours do you write it?

Hello Fernando,

Yes, that is correct. It's called a question tag – you can find more information about this on the page linked to and also in the video on our Snowdon 1 Language Focus page.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi English Team,

What´s the correct meanning of "where are you up to," as I have heard it somewhere.

Thanks & regards,

Hello Dona,

That doesn't make sense to me with 'where', but 'what are you up to?' is an extremely common way of asking what someone is doing. You can see a definition and examples in the dictionary by searching for 'be up to sth' (sth=something).

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi English Team,

Please explain to me the difference between "your value" and "value of you."

Thanks n regards,