The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.








I want to know whether this statement, " I WANT TO ADMIT MYSELF INTO A COLLEGE", is correct. Do favour me....

Hello Ali Azam Russell,

No, 'admit' doesn't generally take a reflexive pronoun and certainly not in this context. I'd suggest something like 'I'd like to be admitted to a college' or 'I'd like to get into a college' as alternatives.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Nice to see you all....
What is the specific difference between Finite Verb and Principal Verb? Give some examples also....

Hello Ali Azam Russell,

'Finite' and 'nonfinite' are terms that we don't generally use here, as they're a bit specialised for most learners. I'd suggest you check the wikipedia article on Finite verbs for more information on that. A principal verb generally refers to the main verb of a sentence or clause. For example, in 'I haven't seen my best friend in ages', 'see' is the principal verb, which is in a present perfect form – 'have' is the auxiliary verb and 'seen' is the past participle form of the main verb 'see'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

in question with be such as are you a student?are is auxiliary and main verb?

What are the functions of adjectives in different sentences ? Please give some examples. Love to you all.

Hello Ali Azam Russell,

You can find several pages on adjectives in the section on adjectives. Please note there is also a search box at the top right side of this page that you can use as well.

Best regards,
The LearnEnglish Team

hello sir .
i have got a question what the .
What is the difference between the following two sentences and why?

where are you going ? (1)
why you are in such a rush to find a job ? (2)

In the two examples above. verb (be) at first comes before subject but at second example it comes after subject Please explain it to me, I will be obliged to you

Hello naell,

The second sentence is not correct – it should start like this: 'Why are you in such a rush ...' So in both sentences, you have the same pattern: wh-word + auxiliary (or main verb) + subject pronoun.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team