the verb be

 

The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
 
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.

 

 

 

 

 

Comments

I`d like to know if it possible to use the verb be in short answers for questions with "what". For example, "what`s your favourite band? " and to answer: One Direction IS. Instead of, it is one Direction, or just One Direction.
Thank you

Hi florzambonini,

Yes, it is possible, though it is more common to just answer a question like this with the noun phrase - in your example, One Direction.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi LearnEnglish Team,

Could you please tell me whether the following sentence is gramatically correct, if not, please exaplain.

"I need a dish while I cook a meal.

Thank you

Hi Dona S,

Yes, it is correct, though usually an -ing form or a continuous tense is used after while. For example, "I need a dish while cooking (a meal)".

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi LearnEnglish Team,

What´s the antonym of "sins?"

Thank you

Hi Dona S,

Could you explain the context? Perhaps virtue? I'd suggest checking that word in the dictionary before using it. You might also want to consult a thesaurus (which has synonyms and antonyms of words) - there are several free ones available online.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi LearnEnglish Team,

I have a quesion about "family." According to my knowledge it could be both singular and plural. How do I say this sentence? My family "live" in London OR my family "lives" in London.

My second question is; When you say "I met with an accident" Should it be always something to do with a vehicle (car or van etc.)?

Look forward to hearing from you. Thank you.

Hello Dona S,

Both 'live' and 'lives' are possible here.  The choice depends entirely on the speaker: if you wish to present the family more as a unit/as a whole then you might say 'lives', whereas if you are thinking of the family as a collection of people/individuals you might say 'live'.

In modern English it is much more common to say 'I had an accident'.  The phrase 'meet with an accident' is not wrong, and has the meaning of 'an accident happened to me', but does sound rather archaic to the modern ear, I would suggest.  It does not have to involve a vehicle; it can refer to any unpleasant accident.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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