the verb be


The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.







Hi LearnEnglish Team,

Please give me a brief explanation for "stressed syllable" (eg: the word "music"). I really don´t understand how words get stressed. Awaiting a quick response. Thank you.

Hi Dona S,

In every word with more than one syllable, there is one that is stressed. For example, if you look up the word 'friendly' in our dictionary (see the search box on the right), you can hear it pronounced by clicking on the red or blue icons. Notice this pronunciation is represented as /ˈ The ' in /ˈ means that the syllable after it (frend) is where you put the emphasis when you pronounce the word (not on "li"). I'm not able to record it here, but if you pronounced the word as /frend.'li/ (i.e. with stress on the second syllable), it would be incorrect and others might not understand you so easily.

I hope this helps you.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

in fact .. it is an interesting exercise and the answers from the team also added to my vocabulary and grammar
thank you once again

mail is sent to you
mail has been sent to you..

plz explain the difference sir..and their meaning context wise.

I am teaching English language at Banmaisamukkhi school and I love it so much.

Hi LearnEnglish Team,

Could you please explain how to use "in holidays" and "on holidays" correctly.


Hello Dona.

The adjective to Holidays its only on... Ex: Im on holiday we cant use im in holidays its wrong.

Hello Dona,

As far as I know, in is not used with "holiday(s)". You can go or be on holiday, go home for the holidays or work over or during the holidays, but I can't think of an instance when I'd say in holidays.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Kirk. I normally use "on" with holidays, but I heard a guy say, "I work in my holidays" in a video on LearnEnglish Teens. Because of that I wanted to ask you and make sure whether "in" is used with holidays. Thank you once again.