1 Some verbs are followed by the to-infinitive:

I decided to go home as soon as possible.
We all wanted to have more English classes.

Common verbs followed by the to-infinitive are:

Verbs of thinking and feeling:

  • choose
  • decide
  • expect
  • forget
  • hate
  • hope
  • intend
  • learn
  • like
  • love
  • mean
  • plan
  • prefer
  • remember
  • would like
  • would love

Verbs of saying:

  • agree
  • promise
  • refuse

Other common verbs are:

  • arrange
  • attempt
  • fail
  • help
  • manage
  • tend
  • try
  • want

2 Some verbs are followed by a noun and the to-infinitive:

She asked him to send her a text message.
He wanted all his friends to come to his party.

Common verbs with this pattern are:

Verbs of saying:

  • advise
  • ask
  • encourage
  • invite
  • order
  • persuade
  • remind
  • tell
  • warn *

*Note: The verb warn is normally used with not
The police warned everyone not to drive too fast.

Verbs of wanting or liking:

  • expect
  • intend
  • would
  • prefer
  • want
  • would like

Other verbs with this pattern are:

  • allow
  • enable
  • force
  • get
  • teach

3. Passive infinitive

Many of these verbs are sometimes followed by a passive infinitive
(to be + past participle):

I expected to be met when I arrived at the station.
They wanted to be told if anything happened.
I don’t like driving myself. I prefer to be driven.

 

Activity 1:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

 

Activity 2:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

 

Activity 3:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

Section: 

Comments

good evening to everyone teachers, i have these two clauses 1( we hope to be warded the top prize), 2) we hope that we have been warded the topo prize).

i am wondering if they are the same meaning.

thank yuo so much.
rosario

Hello rosario,

No, they are different. The first one is speaking about a prize that has not yet been given, whereas and the second one is speaking about a prize that has been awarded, but which we don't know who won. Note that the verb is 'award' rather than 'ward'.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I would like to ask which sentence is correct and why?
1.she helped her mother to cook food.
Or
2. She helped her mother cook food.
I thought the first sentence was correct but the second also doesn't sound incorrect. Pls help

Hello Yojana77,

After the verb 'help' we can use either of these.

help someone to do something

help someone do something

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

good morning to everyone i have a question for you:

in thise sentences( when do you plane to be done?, or we had hoped to be done sooner) are they correct if i added the object as it follows: when do you plane to be done the race? , we had hoped to be done a good celebration sooner.

thank you so much.

Hello rosario70,

No, in 'to be done', 'done' is an adjective, and this adjective can't take an object. The easiest and most natural way to say what I think you want to say is 'When do you plan to finish the race?'

I hope this helps.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter M
I have a question about the verb "like". Sometimes it is followed by "to" and sometimes by "verb +ing" : I like to play with Paul
I like playing with Paul
Do the two sentences have the same meaning?
Thank you for your answer.
Best regards,
Noëlle

Hello Noëlle,

You can find the answer to your question, plus more examples of similar verb on this page.

You can also find useful information on the topic here.

I hope that answers your question.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

hello,

regarding causative verbs,if I want to make the verb after object negative,are following sentences correct?and common in English?
1.I get my brother not to come.
2.I have my brother not come.
3.I make my brother not come.
if they are not, please kindly direct me the right way.

And one more unrelated question for ending letters!is it considered rude to finish letters by the expression "thanks in advance"?

best wishes
thanks in advance

Hello misam,

The infinitive or bare infinitive after a causative verb are not normally negated. To be honest, I'm not sure if it's considered incorrect to negate them or not, but I can tell you that negative forms sound very strange there because no one, or nearly no one, uses them. To communicate the ideas in your sentences, you could change the second verb, e.g. 3. 'I make my brother stay at home'.

'Thanks in advance' can indeed be used near the end of an email or note, such as in this comment. Most of the time, however, it would come before 'Best wishes'. For example:

Thanks in advance (for your answer)!

Best wishes - misam

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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