1 Some verbs are followed by the to-infinitive:

I decided to go home as soon as possible.
We all wanted to have more English classes.

Common verbs followed by the to-infinitive are:

Verbs of thinking and feeling:

  • choose
  • decide
  • expect
  • forget
  • hate
  • hope
  • intend
  • learn
  • like
  • love
  • mean
  • plan
  • prefer
  • remember
  • would like
  • would love

Verbs of saying:

  • agree
  • promise
  • refuse

Other common verbs are:

  • arrange
  • attempt
  • fail
  • help
  • manage
  • tend
  • try
  • want

2 Some verbs are followed by a noun and the to-infinitive:

She asked him to send her a text message.
He wanted all his friends to come to his party.

Common verbs with this pattern are:

Verbs of saying:

  • advise
  • ask
  • encourage
  • invite
  • order
  • persuade
  • remind
  • tell
  • warn *

*Note: The verb warn is normally used with not
The police warned everyone not to drive too fast.

Verbs of wanting or liking:

  • expect
  • intend
  • would
  • prefer
  • want
  • would like

Other verbs with this pattern are:

  • allow
  • enable
  • force
  • get
  • teach

3. Passive infinitive

Many of these verbs are sometimes followed by a passive infinitive
(to be + past participle):

I expected to be met when I arrived at the station.
They wanted to be told if anything happened.
I don’t like driving myself. I prefer to be driven.

 

Activity 1:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

 

Activity 2:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

 

Activity 3:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

Section: 

Comments

How can the two sentences below be made in simple sentences except the passive infinitives?

1. Sofia Coppola is only the third woman to be nominated for best director. (Present)
2. Sofia Coppola was only the third woman to be nominated for best director. (Past)

Hello Microctg,

I'm not sure I understand your question fully. There are several ways to change the sentences so they do not include passive infinitives. The simplest would be as follows:

1. Sofia Coppola is only the third woman who has been nominated for best director.

2. Sofia Coppola was only the third woman who was nominated for best director.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you so much. You have exactly given what I wanted.

The word "love", what takes, an + ing or to + inf. I am confused here.

Hello Rind.aziz,

Both to infinitive and -ing are possible after 'love', but the meaning is different. For examples and explanations please take a look at this page and this page.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

good evening to everyone teachers, i have these two clauses 1( we hope to be warded the top prize), 2) we hope that we have been warded the topo prize).

i am wondering if they are the same meaning.

thank yuo so much.
rosario

Hello rosario,

No, they are different. The first one is speaking about a prize that has not yet been given, whereas and the second one is speaking about a prize that has been awarded, but which we don't know who won. Note that the verb is 'award' rather than 'ward'.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I would like to ask which sentence is correct and why?
1.she helped her mother to cook food.
Or
2. She helped her mother cook food.
I thought the first sentence was correct but the second also doesn't sound incorrect. Pls help

Hello Yojana77,

After the verb 'help' we can use either of these.

help someone to do something

help someone do something

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

good morning to everyone i have a question for you:

in thise sentences( when do you plane to be done?, or we had hoped to be done sooner) are they correct if i added the object as it follows: when do you plane to be done the race? , we had hoped to be done a good celebration sooner.

thank you so much.

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