1 Some verbs are followed by the to-infinitive:

I decided to go home as soon as possible.
We all wanted to have more English classes.

Common verbs followed by the to-infinitive are:

Verbs of thinking and feeling:

  • choose
  • decide
  • expect
  • forget
  • hate
  • hope
  • intend
  • learn
  • like
  • love
  • mean
  • plan
  • prefer
  • remember
  • would like
  • would love

Verbs of saying:

  • agree
  • promise
  • refuse

Other common verbs are:

  • arrange
  • attempt
  • fail
  • help
  • manage
  • tend
  • try
  • want

2 Some verbs are followed by a noun and the to-infinitive:

She asked him to send her a text message.
He wanted all his friends to come to his party.

Common verbs with this pattern are:

Verbs of saying:

  • advise
  • ask
  • encourage
  • invite
  • order
  • persuade
  • remind
  • tell
  • warn *

*Note: The verb warn is normally used with not
The police warned everyone not to drive too fast.

Verbs of wanting or liking:

  • expect
  • intend
  • would
  • prefer
  • want
  • would like

Other verbs with this pattern are:

  • allow
  • enable
  • force
  • get
  • teach

3. Passive infinitive

Many of these verbs are sometimes followed by a passive infinitive
(to be + past participle):

I expected to be met when I arrived at the station.
They wanted to be told if anything happened.
I don’t like driving myself. I prefer to be driven.


Activity 1:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.


Activity 2:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.


Activity 3:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.



Hello sir
Thank you so much for your previous explanation, it is always very very helpful to me and encourage to study English more. In that respect, I want to ask a question about using to +infinitive.
1) We expected to be late.
Can I write this sentence mentioned below?
2) We expected, it would be late.
Do two sentences have same meaning?
If the two sentences have same meaning could you please explain to me why we leave out, would, in first one? And in what kind of situations we can use, to be, in a sentence.
Is " to be " a abstract fom of the "would be" in first one?
Thanks a lot sir.

Hello Mr. Black,

The meanings of these sentences are quite different:

We expected to be late.

Here the lateness refers to the speaker ('we'). The sentence can be rephrased as We expected that we would be late.

We expected it would be late.

Here, the lateness refers to something else ('it') and not the speaker ('we'). The speaker may be talking about a bus or train, for example, which is not on time.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, I wanted to ask a question. I was studying phrasal verbs and I found that one of ''work over'' definitions is: ''examine carefully''. Can I define it: ''to examine carefully'' or ''to examine careful''. Why?

Hello MCWSL,

You need to say 'examine carefully' because an adverb is needed.

The adverb 'carefully' describes the action of the verb; it tells us how to examine. Adjectives are mainly used to describe nouns and do not describe actions/verbs.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you!

Hello sir

children are meant to be loved .

Children are meant to love.

Which z correct and translation?

Hell Sunny21parikh,

Both of these are possible, but the meaning is different. The first sentence has a passive verb form and means that other people (parents, for example) should love children. The second sentence has an active verb form and means that children should love other people (their parents, for example).

I'm afraid we don't translate on LearnEnglish.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

hello sir can you help me over this problem ,I am struggling to connect the sentences, like where to change the sentence ,(from one tense to another )for an example -(Far from convincing / people, this strategy / only SEEM to alienate / many of them further. No error) In this sentence "seemed" should be replace 'seem'

and I am not getting it...

Hello Waiz Ansari,

I'm afraid there is no single correct answer here. You can use almost any time reference for 'seem': you could say 'seemed', 'seems' 'has only seemed', 'had only seemed', 'will only seem', 'is only going to seem' etc. This is because there is no context to the sentence and no indication of what time you are referring to.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

alas! ....so help me how to overcome this ......as I am from india there is competition to get jobs and in process of recruitment they took exams in exams they ask only grammar like we discuss above ......... plz suggest me something to get better understanding of grammar ....for reference plz once check the link how they ask question http://www.affairscloud.com/english-questions-and-answers/spotting-errors/