1 Some verbs are followed by the to-infinitive:

I decided to go home as soon as possible.
We all wanted to have more English classes.

Common verbs followed by the to-infinitive are:

Verbs of thinking and feeling:

  • choose
  • decide
  • expect
  • forget
  • hate
  • hope
  • intend
  • learn
  • like
  • love
  • mean
  • plan
  • prefer
  • remember
  • would like
  • would love

Verbs of saying:

  • agree
  • promise
  • refuse

Other common verbs are:

  • arrange
  • attempt
  • fail
  • help
  • manage
  • tend
  • try
  • want

2 Some verbs are followed by a noun and the to-infinitive:

She asked him to send her a text message.
He wanted all his friends to come to his party.

Common verbs with this pattern are:

Verbs of saying:

  • advise
  • ask
  • encourage
  • invite
  • order
  • persuade
  • remind
  • tell
  • warn *

*Note: The verb warn is normally used with not
The police warned everyone not to drive too fast.

Verbs of wanting or liking:

  • expect
  • intend
  • would
  • prefer
  • want
  • would like

Other verbs with this pattern are:

  • allow
  • enable
  • force
  • get
  • teach

3. Passive infinitive

Many of these verbs are sometimes followed by a passive infinitive
(to be + past participle):

I expected to be met when I arrived at the station.
They wanted to be told if anything happened.
I don’t like driving myself. I prefer to be driven.

 

Activity 1:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

 

Activity 2:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

 

Activity 3:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

Section: 

Comments

Hello,
Please help me to understand the following English phrase:"There was nice work to be done." Unfortunately, I don't quite understand this phrase: is it about the future or past? Are there any grammatical errors?
Thank you very much for your help!
PS: To refer to the present or future, I believe it should be, as there is nice work to be done. To refer to the past we use perfect infinitive: "There was nice work to have been done."
Best regards,
Alex

Hello aniletom,
The sentence is correct.
We can say 'there is nice work to be done' if we are talking about the future.
Your sentence also talks about the future.  However, it refers not to the future from now, but rather the future at the time of speaking, which for us may not be the future any more because some time has passed.  In that case we have to say 'there was (at that time in the past) some nice work to be done (in the future, looking from that time)'.
You can find more on talking about the future here (click).
You can find some more examples of future in the past on this page about talking about the past (click).
Best wishes,
 
Peter
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
I came to this page because I have seen "make sure to" a lot recently. Is this grammatically correct? Should "make sure" always be followed by "that"?
Thanks.
 

Hello GiveHer!
 
Yes, this use of make sure is perfctly OK. You can use make sure with an infinitive:
Make sure to finish your homework!
 
or with a complete clause, with a subject and a verb:
Make sure (that) you finish your homework!
 
Regards
 
Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,  I have a question that relates to the proper use prepositions of "to", "for" and "of" in a sentence.  Can you send me the link on the proper use of these prepositions or tips on how to get this right? 
Based on this example, which one is correct?
1. She is the executive secretary to the Programme Director.
2. She is the executive secretary for the Programme Director
3. She is the executive secretary to Michael Smith.
4. She is the executive secretary of Michael Smith.
5. She is the executive secretary for Michael Smith.
I hope you can help me on this. - Marikit

Hello,
 
is it possible to say:
s.o. announced to do s.th.
or do I have to say
s.o. announced that...

Hello Honscho!

I'm afraid you have to use the second pattern, not the first. You can drop the 'that', though:

He announced that he would marry Emily.

OR

He announced he would marry Emily.

... are both OK. We use 'would' because we are using announced as a reporting verb for reported speech.

Regards

Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team

thanks for your site for it gives us a number of information about English grammar
 

Hello, how are you?

Dear Adam,
I have been learning English for a long time..! and am almost there ...!.but I got a innocent problem...with this guy...."ITSELF''....when he is in here..
                          "The day media  itself  got embroiled in scandal"... and
                            "The dream itself was breaking down"
                             "The Calendar Hung Itself".
                                                           More I'll have to meet in the future...!.
          So  What is this kind of ."Itself"  ..and , When do we use it ?......
    One more...What is the meaning of it..?
                                                               I hope I will be helped ,
                                                                                       Best work,
                                                                                       Thank you .
 

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