verbs followed by -ing clauses

 

Common verbs followed by –ing nouns are:

Verbs of liking and disliking:

  • detest
  • dislike
  • enjoy
  • hate
  • fancy
  • like
  • love

I love swimming but I hate jogging.
They always enjoyed visiting their friends.
A: Do you fancy going for a walk?
B: I wouldn’t mind

Phrases with mind:

  • wouldn’t mind (= would like)
  • don’t mind (= I am willing to)
  • would you mind (= will you please…?)

I wouldn’t mind having some fish and chips.
I don’t mind waiting for a few minutes.
Would you mind holding this for me?

Verbs of saying and thinking:

  • admit
  • consider
  •  deny
  • imagine
  • remember
  • suggest

Our guide suggested waiting until the storm was over.
Everyone denied seeing the accident.

Other common verbs are:

  • avoid
  • begin
  • finish
  • keep
  • miss
  • practise
  • risk
  • start
  • stop

I haven’t finished writing this letter.
Let’s practise speaking English.

Passive form of -ing

Many of these verbs are sometimes followed by the passive form of -ing: being + past participle

I don’t like being interrupted.
Our dog loves being stroked under the chin.

Noun + -ing clause

Some verbs are followed by a noun and an -ing clause:

Verbs to do with the senses:

  • see
  • watch
  • hear
  • smell
  • listen to
  • etc.

We saw everybody running away.
I could hear someone singing.
 

Other common verbs:

  • catch
  • find
  • imagine
  • leave
  • prevent
  • stop

I caught someone trying to break into my house.
We couldn’t prevent them getting away.
 

Exercise

Comments

Is it correct to say "I saw John took my pencil out of my bag" instead of" I saw him take my pencil (a complete action)or I saw him taking my pencil.(incomplete action)

Hello libeelee1314,

No, it is not. take is an infinitive (without to) in this construction (and taking indicates the continuous aspect), so a finite form such as took is not correct here.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,

Thank you for help with our English learning.

Could you please let me know which of the following sentences is correct? The one with to or the one without to? and why?

1- I apply different methods to stimulate students' interest and keep them involved.
2- I apply different methods to stimulate students' interest and to keep them involved.

I would be also grateful if you could let me know which of the following sentences is correct.

1- It is important to apply technology to stimulate students and keeping them involved in their learning process.

2- It is important to apply technology to stimulate students and keep them involved in their learning process.

Thank you very much for your help.
We truly appreciate that.

Best

Sina

Hi Sina,

Both of the first two sentences are correct, though I'd say you're more likely to hear the first one than the second. Ellipsis (omitting words) has many different forms, but as is the case here, often the to in a to infinitive can be left out in cases such as this one where it is clear that it is meant.

In the second two sentences, only sentence 2 is correct. Just as you used an infinitive (to stimulate) to indicate purpose, you should also use to keep to indicate purpose, though, as in your previous set of sentences, the to before keep can be omitted through ellipsis (though it can also be written with to, as I explained above).

I hope this helps. If have any further questions, please don't hesistate to ask.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi kirk,

I'd like to ask you another question about Sina's sentences. If we say "It is important applying technology to stimulate students...", would be correct?

Thank you very much for your help.

Best regards,

Raf

Hi Raf,

No, that does not sound correct to me.  We would say either

It is important to apply technology to stimulate students

or

Applying technology to stimulate students is important

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Avoiding mistakes is the best way to succeed in English...
To think another solution could reveal a good choice...
The rules are the same even though we are using -ing and infinitive phrases as a subject?
Thank you very much to you and Neil on FB.
Ciao.
Sergio (xxxxxxx on FB)

Hi Sergio,

Could you provide the context for the second sentence? I think it might mean something different - "to think" at the beginning of a sentence can be used to express wonder or surprise. If you provide the previous couple sentences, we should be able to help you make sense of that.

By the way, I edited out your Facebook account name - our House Rules prohibit the sharing of personal information in order to protect minors.

Best wishes and thanks for your contribution!

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I wrote the two sentences as an example - there is no context!
The problem is that in Italian often you must start a clause with the infinitive - and the nuances of the gerund are different than in English (consider I didn't study English at school...).
As Neil suggested, I downloaded the diagram he posted on FB. And time by time I'll dig in this wonderful website.
Thank you, Kirk.
P.S. Really amusing that you protected me... You know, I'm only... 58!!! Ciao.

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