Common verbs followed by –ing nouns are:

Verbs of liking and disliking:

  • detest
  • dislike
  • enjoy
  • hate
  • fancy
  • like
  • love

I love swimming but I hate jogging.
They always enjoyed visiting their friends.
A: Do you fancy going for a walk?
B: I wouldn’t mind

Phrases with mind:

  • wouldn’t mind (= would like)
  • don’t mind (= I am willing to)
  • would you mind (= will you please…?)

I wouldn’t mind having some fish and chips.
I don’t mind waiting for a few minutes.
Would you mind holding this for me?

Verbs of saying and thinking:

  • admit
  • consider
  •  deny
  • imagine
  • remember
  • suggest

Our guide suggested waiting until the storm was over.
Everyone denied seeing the accident.

Other common verbs are:

  • avoid
  • begin
  • finish
  • keep
  • miss
  • practise
  • risk
  • start
  • stop

I haven’t finished writing this letter.
Let’s practise speaking English.

Passive form of -ing

Many of these verbs are sometimes followed by the passive form of -ing: being + past participle

I don’t like being interrupted.
Our dog loves being stroked under the chin.

Noun + -ing clause

Some verbs are followed by a noun and an -ing clause:

Verbs to do with the senses:

  • see
  • watch
  • hear
  • smell
  • listen to
  • etc.

We saw everybody running away.
I could hear someone singing.

Other common verbs:

  • catch
  • find
  • imagine
  • leave
  • prevent
  • stop

I caught someone trying to break into my house.
We couldn’t prevent them getting away.




Hello Ostraciz,

Both are correct. The first ('pass by') means he watched the people pass by from start to finish - the completed action. The second ('passing by') means he saw them in the middle of the action but not necessarily the start or end. Compare:

I saw her read the book. [I watched the whole thing]

I saw her reading the book. [I saw her doing this, but not from start to finish]

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello everyone,

My question is about the following sentence taken from an article about a new technology (CRISPR) in the genetics field which could allow to edit genetic information: "A dizzying range of applications has researchers turning to CRISPR to develop therapies for everything from Alzheimer’s to cancer to HIV."

Can you help me understand this sentence in particular the "has+someone+doing" bit, please?
Is it a causative "have" like in "have something done" or "have someone do something"? Or is it something different altogether?

Thank you very much in advance.

Hello Knightrider,

The meaning here is 'has caused them to turn'. It's not quite the same as the causitive verbs you quote but is somewhat similar. However, unlike 'have something done' there is no sense of payment for a service.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


I'm trying to figure out if this sentence would require a comma. It seems there are 2 verbs and to me it seems it would require a comma after stretched. What would the section of the sentence "taking in ..." be called? Is there a rule that requires a comma or a reason you wouldn't use a comma?

Here is another example:

She grumbled looking over a rack of dresses.

It seems there should be a comma after grumbled, but I'm not sure and if it does, what is the rule?

She stretched taking in the new sounds and scents from the surrounding forest

Hi toricerda,

Yes, both of these sentences should have commas. The sections beginning with the -ing form are examples of participle clauses. You can read more about these here.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

May I know whether the ing clause following a verb is an object or an adverbial? How can one know the role of an ing in a sentence?

Hi grammar2015,

On this page you can see the different roles of the -ing form. As you can see there, the -ing form can be used as either a verb or an adverbial. There is no instant rule to tell which is which; you need to look at the sentence and the particular verb which is used.

The -ing form has many uses, including participle clauses, reduced relative clauses and so on.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Is it correct to say "We are collecting glass bottles to take them for recycling"

Hey guys I have doubts in people are studying in the class. Why sometimes we omit the are!!
(People studying in the class) can someone clarify this
2. I saw him walking across the road vs I saw him walk across the road
I need the answers ASAP

Hello Ianmackinom,

There two different forms here:

The form 'people are studying' is an example of a present continuous verb form, used to describe an action taking place at the time of speaking. You can find more information here.

In the form 'people studying', the -ing form modifies the noun like an adjective; it is an example of a simplified relative clause. You can find more information here.

In your other sentences, the difference is whether you see the action in progress ('walking') or see the whole completed action from start to finish ('walk').

I hope that answers your questions. Please in future post questions once only. This question was posted five times, which simply means we have to delete the extra posts and it takes us longer to answer as a result.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team