With "that"

We can use clauses with that:

• after verbs of thinking:

  • think
  • believe
  • expect
  • decide
  • hope
  • know
  • understand
  • suppose
  • guess
  • imagine
  • feel
  • remember
  • forget

I hope that you will enjoy your holiday.
She didn’t really think that it would happen.
I knew that I had seen her somewhere before.

• after verbs of saying:

  • say
  • admit
  • argue
  • reply
  • agree
  • claim
  • deny
  • mention
  • answer
  • complain
  • explain
  • promise
  • suggest

They admitted that they had made a mistake.
She argued that they should invest more in the business.
The children complained that they had nothing to do.

Note: tell and some other verbs of saying must always have a direct object (see clauses, sentences and phrases):

  • tell
  • convince
  • persuade
  • inform
  • remind

We tried to tell them that they should stop what they were doing.
The police informed everybody that the danger was over.

• as postmodifiers after nouns to do with thinking or saying:

  • advice
  • belief
  • claim
  • feeling
  • argument
  • hope
  • promise
  • report
  • guess
  • opinion
  • idea

He made a promise that he would do all he could to help.
I had a funny feeling that something was wrong.

• after some nouns to say more about the noun:

  • fact
  • advantage
  • effect
  • possibility
  • chance
  • danger
  • evidence
  • problem
  • difficulty

She pointed out the danger that they might be left behind.
There was a chance that we would succeed

Note: We often use a that clause to define one of these nouns after the verb be :

  • danger
  • problem
  • chance
  • possibility
  • fact

The danger is that we will be left behind.
The fact is that it is getting very late.

• after some adjectives which describe feelings to give a reason for our feelings:

  • pleased
  • sorry
  • happy
  • unhappy
  • sad
  • excited
  • glad
  • disappointed
  • afraid

I am sorry that you can’t come.
Everybody was pleased that the danger was past.
It is lucky that you were able to drive us home.

No "that"

 NOTE: We can always use a clause without the word that:

They admitted [that] they had made a mistake.
The police informed everybody [that] the danger was over.
I am sorry [that] you can’t come.
There was chance [that] we would succeed.

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hi
I went through your answer about using gerund given to 'rosairo 70'
I have understood it but I have a question. That is when one uses a verb
after a preposition we should add 'ing' to the verb. It is a gerund then.
Am I correct? Or am I wrong? So there are some more places where we use gerund for eg. Building a house is hard today. Is building a gerund or not?
Please let me know.
Regards
Srilal

Hi Srilal,

Prepositions require objects and the object can be a gerund, which is a noun formed from a verb. Gerunds can also be used as subjects, and this is what is shown in your section example. The subject of the sentence is 'Building a house' and you are correct that 'Building' here is a gerund.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir
I want to make sure in what situations we use 'that' as a relative pronoun?
Would you be kind enough to help me.
Thank you.
Best regards
Srilal

Hello Srilal,

'That' is only used as a relative pronoun in defining (restricting) relative clauses and is used as an alternative to 'who' or 'which'. You can find more information on this page, this page and this page.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Please help me about "... that that ...".

I encountered this sentence "the questions that that investigate process". At the first place, I thought it is grammatically wrong, but I have seen this kind of sentence for sometimes in textbooks so that I have been being confused sine then. What is it axactly? Thank you.

Hello northpole,

I'm afraid I can't make sense of the phrase you include in your comment; perhaps it is correct, but without more context (i.e. more words before and after it to begin with), I can't make any sense of it. 'that that' can be correct – in most cases the first 'that' is beginning a clause (as in 'I think that the man is asleep') and the second 'that' is a demonstrative pronoun or adjective (as in 'Who is that?'). For example, in 'I think that that man is asleep', the first 'that' introduces a dependent clause and the second 'that' tells us which man.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi i noticed this sentence (i am sorry that you can’t come.) i might say (i am sorry that you didn't come to my party yesterday or i 'd use a gerund form like this, i am sorry your not coming to my party yesterday.

thank you in advance.

Hello rosario70,

Only the first of those is correct. The gerund cannot be used in this context.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Peter ,as i don't know well in which context i can use the gerund, i was wondering if you could suggest the rule , whether there's one or not.

thank you early.

rosario

Hi rosario70,

If you are talking about something which is your fault, or your responsibility, then you can use the gerund as follows:

I'm sorry for (my) being late.

She was sorry for (her) arguing with her father.

However, we would not use it in a context when you are not to blame.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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