in spite of / despite / although

 

 

in spite of / despite / although

In spite of, despite and although are all used to show a contrast but there are differences in the structures used with them.

In spite of / despite

After in spite of
and despite we use a noun or a pronoun.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday in spite of the rain.
  • Despite the pain in his leg he completed the marathon.
  • Despite having all the necessary qualifications, they didn’t offer me the job.

Remember that the gerund (‘-ing’ form) is the ‘noun’ form of a verb.

The only difference between in spite of and despite is the ‘of’.

  • Despite of the bad weather, there was a large crowd at the match.

Although

After although we use a subject and a verb.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday although it rained every day.
  • Although he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • The holiday was great although the hotel wasn’t very nice.

We can use in spite of and despite with a subject and verb if we include the expression ‘the fact that’.

  • In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.

Even though

Even though is a slightly stronger form of although.

  • We decided to buy the house even though we didn’t really have enough money.
  • You keep making that stupid noise even though I’ve asked you to stop three times.

Like although, even though is followed by a subject and a verb.

 

Exercise

Comments

Hi;
 
With taking in our consideration the grammatical difference in the following sentence of each of in spite of / despite / although;and after I looked for their meaning in the dictionary can I say that there is no difference between them in the meaning except it`s prefer to use despite and although in the beginning of the sentence and although is stronger than despite?.
 
Best Wishes 
 
Safaa

Hi Safaa,

As you say, there are differences in how these words are used in sentences, with despite and in spite of followed by nouns and although followed by a subject and verb.  In terms of meaning they are very similar, all showing a contrast between two pieces of information.  Despite and in spite of are, to my ear, a little stronger and a little more formal, and slightly less common in spoken English than although.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello friends I am joining now to learn English family, I hope your help me in learning English. 

Hi eeryone don't know how to practice in the website. Please tell me? Thanks in advance.

Hello Paul,

Welcome to LearnEnglish! Use the links at the top of the page (Home/Listen & Watch/Grammar & Vocabulary etc) to go to different parts of the site and you'll find a wide range of exercises, materials, games and much more to help you with your English. Try different things to see what is most helpful for you. Remember that you can always use the comments sections on each page if you have any questions or comments.

Best wishes,

Peter
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Parul,
Example: On menu take the cursor to Grammar & Vocab then Eng. Grammar, Quick Grammar etc. will appear. Click any of them then do the lesson & exec. Enjoy !!

Hello, I have some questions,
Are "Despite" and "in spite of" exactly the same in meaning?
Are there some defference?

Hi Michiko,

There is no difference in meaning between "despite" and "in spite of". If you look them up in the Cambridge Dictionaries Online (see the search box on the right), you'll see that they mean the same thing.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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