in spite of / despite / although

 

 

in spite of / despite / although

In spite of, despite and although are all used to show a contrast but there are differences in the structures used with them.

In spite of / despite

After in spite of
and despite we use a noun or a pronoun.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday in spite of the rain.
  • Despite the pain in his leg he completed the marathon.
  • Despite having all the necessary qualifications, they didn’t offer me the job.

Remember that the gerund (‘-ing’ form) is the ‘noun’ form of a verb.

The only difference between in spite of and despite is the ‘of’.

  • Despite of the bad weather, there was a large crowd at the match.

Although

After although we use a subject and a verb.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday although it rained every day.
  • Although he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • The holiday was great although the hotel wasn’t very nice.

We can use in spite of and despite with a subject and verb if we include the expression ‘the fact that’.

  • In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.

Even though

Even though is a slightly stronger form of although.

  • We decided to buy the house even though we didn’t really have enough money.
  • You keep making that stupid noise even though I’ve asked you to stop three times.

Like although, even though is followed by a subject and a verb.

 

Exercise

Comments

Hello! Everyone,

I’d like to know if the following sentences I have written are grammatically correct.

I believe the first one is correct. As for the second one, I’ve no idea if it’s right although -ing can also be used after “despite/in spite of”.

1) Although the police have spent a lot of effort on fighting against crimes, the rate of crime has still been on the rise.

2) Despite/In spite of the police having spent a lot of effort on fighting against crimes, the rate of crime has still been on the rise.

3) Despite/In spite of the great effort made on fighting against crimes by the police, the rate of crime has still been on the rise.

I would be grateful if you would get back to me at your earliest convenience.

Hello bnpl,

All of those sentences are fine apart from the word 'crimes', which should be singular ('crime') as we are talking about crime in general rather than specific instances.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Peter,

Thank you so much for your prompt reply.

Rgds,
bnpl

Hello Asadullah Shirazi,

As this page says, in spite of is used to show a contrast. We use instead of to show that one option was used to replace or as an alternative to another. For example:

I had coffee this morning in spite of feeling a little sick.

I felt sick so I had tea this morning instead of coffee.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,
differentiate these sentences and help me find the answer for this.

1.i wish i would do
2.i would learn english when i was a child.
my understanding is 'would'used here represents different time but has same meaning.
if i am wrong,please help.

Hello Nandishchandra,

Our will or would and past habit pages explain 'would' in some detail - please read through the explanations there. After that, if this is still unclear to you, please feel free to ask us again, but please tell us how you differentiate the sentences so we can see how you understand them. Finally, please ask your question on one of those pages so that other users can find your question and our answers there.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

hello kirk,
thanks for the answer,and i meant differentiating 'would' in two sentences but not sentences.
Mistake in my questioning!.
regards,
Nandishchandra

Message:
1) He had (great) amount of money but he was not (happy).
2) This room was( tiny).
3) There were (numerous) animals in that (dense) forest.
4) The little child slept in a (small) cot.
Please tell me which adjectives are Qualitative and which are Quantitative in the given brackets.

Hello Nilesh,

Why don't you tell us what you think? Then we can help you with the parts that you don't understand. And if this is homework, you should do it yourself - otherwise you won't learn from it.

Please also ask your question on an appropriate page - for example, the adjectives page.

Best regards,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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