We are often told that the age of the "information economy" has arrived. But there is a problem with information as an organising principle in society. It only counts if people pay attention to it.

Magazine - Be your own investigative journalist


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Be your own investigative journalist

by John Kuti

News in the age of information

We are often told that the age of the “information economy” has arrived. The idea is that intellectual work is becoming a more important source of wealth than manufacturing. There are already too many factories for the number of people who want to buy stuff, so the winners in the marketplace need to have a lead in terms of fashion, or technology to beat the competition. You can easily see this process at work in important industries like cars and clothing and computers where big companies prefer to concentrate on promoting their brand and let subcontractors do the less profitable work of manufacturing the products.

But there is a problem with information as an organising principle in society. It only counts if people pay attention to it. Together with inventors and designers, the information economy needs Public Relations executives to make sure customers are getting the right message. So, faced with the increasing claims on our attention, organisations in other spheres of life have to do more to get their share of it too. So PR people may work for politicians (then we call them “spin doctors”) or they may work for artists (then we call them “publicists” or “pluggers”.) A lot of our news is actually compiled from press releases and reports of events deliberately staged for journalists. Journalists spend their time, not investigating, but passing on the words of a spokesperson, publicist or other professional propagandist.

Quoting from Evelyn Waugh

The manipulation of news is most clearly visible in times of war. A BBC journalist speaking about the present war in Iraq compared his situation with that of the reporters in Scoop, Waugh’s satirical novel on the press. In the book, everyone was sure that the real story was happening somewhere else - but they weren’t exactly sure how to get there. Nowadays, the journalist who arrives in the right place at the right time is almost guaranteed a world exclusive. Armed with digital cameras and satellite phones, they can file their story on the spot. Which is why the military control the movements of journalists ever more closely.

Don’t believe everything you read in the papers

The best joke in Scoop is about the newspaper’s owner, Lord Copper. The editors can never disagree with him. When he’s right about something they answer “definitely”, and when he’s wrong they say “up to a point, Lord Copper.” It seems reasonable to suppose that, in the real world, the opinions of such powerful tycoons still influence the journalists and editors who work for them.


In countries where the news is not officially controlled, it is likely to be provided by commercial organisations who depend on advertising. The news has to attract viewers and maintain its audience ratings. I suspect that some stories get air-time just because there happen to be exciting pictures to show. In Britain, we have the tabloid newspapers which millions of people read simply for entertainment, without even expecting to get any important information from them. I think this is why politicians’ speeches nowadays have to include a “sound bite” the small segment that seems to give a powerful message. There is progressively less room for historical background, or statistics, which are harder to present as a sensational story. The arrival of CNN, the 24-hour all-news channel, has not increased the amount of real news reporting because the format of the channel is designed so that people who want to get the headlines will not have to wait long. It tends to concentrate on the main story and repeat it.

Alternative reporters

There is an argument that with spreading access to the internet and cheap technology for recording sound and images we will all be able to find exactly the information we want. People around the world will be able to publish their own eye-witness accounts and compete with the established news-gatherers on something like equal terms.

I think this is true, up to a point. But what it will mean also is that we’ll be subjected to a still greater amount of nonsense and lies. Any web log may contain the scoop of the year, or equally, a fabricated story that you will never be able to check.

Have you ever wished you were better informed?

Maybe the time has come to do something about it, and I don’t just mean changing your choice of TV channel or newspaper. In a world where everyone wants you to listen to their version, you only have two choices: switch off altogether or start looking for sources you can trust. The investigative journalist of the future is everyone who wants to know the truth.





The article shows how difficult is to be "a well informed person" despite the amount of data, different sources, etc. Getting the truth is another matter..

What a nice subject
Although it was a bit hard for me or even more
Anyway,I think these days accessing the truth and real news is so hard because everyone can fabricate real stories based on lies easily.
And they can manipulate the evidence, statistics or facts easier .

Besides, as the article says, people prefer to use the tabloid paper which entertain them not inform them.

But at the end I think in this world u can find what u r looking for.but mostly we prefer to br pampered by any kind of news...

If the mission for a good journalist is to know the truth, he's in for it. The truth is stuff for philosophers not for reporters

Unfortunately most of the countries in suffer of the same issue. Politicians buy companies of media or force them to publish everything in the favour of them.

This article is absolutely correct. While reading the article I thought to a powerful tycoon, President Trump. The information around him.
And the press Dailymail.uk also reported misrepresentation of the wife of Indonesia's President Joko Widodo. The woman wearing a traditional Vietnamese dress can not be his wife

This article is pessimist but realistic. In fact, to avoid being misinformed in our world of hyper communication, we have to carefully check the source of information we read.

This article is very pessimist but realistic. It's interesting to read that the most important thing to do in our world of hyper-communication is to check the source the information comes.

It is import check all news. Nowadays we have information in social medias and sometimes that news are false, because the people just want to get more visible for other. I always check my informations and read in trustworthy place.

The most important problem to get good, reliable information is people's laziness. If we don't care to know what really happens around us because we prefer watching TV or spending time in entertainment activities, mass media won't make any effort to give actual news. We must decide what media are reliable and what not in order to search good information.

Unfortunately is true that almost all journalists are influence by politicians and big companies. Every single TV channel has their own agenda and they always have competition of spreading fault news.