Nowadays, many of us try to live in a way that will damage the environment as little as possible. And we want to take these attitudes on holiday with us. Ecotourism is becoming more popular…

Magazine - Ecotourism


Do the Preparation task first. Then go to Text and read the article (you can also listen to the audio while you read). Next go to Task and do the activity.

Audio icon Download audio 2.6MB (right click & save)


by Linda Baxter

Imagine the scene. You're sitting in the hot sunshine beside the swimming pool of your international luxury hotel, drinking your imported gin and tonic. In front of you is the beach, reserved for hotel guests with motor boats for hire. Behind you is an 18-hole golf course, which was cleared from the native forest and is kept green by hundreds of water sprinklers. Around the hotel are familiar international restaurant chains and the same shops that you have at home. You've seen some local people - some of them sell local handicrafts outside the hotel. You bought a small wooden statue and after arguing for half an hour you only paid a quarter of what the man was asking. Really cheap!

Is this your idea of heaven or would you prefer something different?

Before you read on, try the vocabulary activity, which practises words and phrases that are important for you to understand the text.

Nowadays, many of us try to live in a way that will damage the environment as little as possible. We recycle our newspapers and bottles, we take public transport to get to work, we try to buy locally produced fruit and vegetables and we stopped using aerosol sprays years ago. And we want to take these attitudes on holiday with us. This is why alternative forms of tourism are becoming more popular all over the world.

But what is ecotourism?

There are lots of names for these new forms of tourism: responsible tourism, alternative tourism, sustainable tourism, nature tourism, adventure tourism, educational tourism and more. Ecotourism probably involves a little of all of them. Everyone has a different definition but most people agree that ecotourism must:

  1. conserve the wildlife and culture of the area.
  2. benefit the local people and involve the local community
  3. be sustainable, that is make a profit without destroying natural resources
  4. provide an experience that tourists want to pay for.

So for example, in a true ecotourism project, a nature reserve allows a small number of tourists to visit its rare animals and uses the money that is generated to continue with important conservation work. The local people have jobs in the nature reserve as guides and wardens, but also have a voice in how the project develops. Tourists stay in local houses with local people, not in specially built hotels. So they experience the local culture and do not take precious energy and water away from the local population. They travel on foot, by boat, bicycle or elephant so that there is no pollution. And they have a special experience that they will remember all of their lives.

This type of tourism can only involve small numbers of people so it can be expensive. But you can apply the principles of ecotourism wherever you go for your holiday. Just remember these basic rules.

  • Be prepared. Learn about the place that you're going to visit. Find out about its culture and history. Learn a little of the native language, at least basics like 'Please', 'Thank you', and 'Good Morning'. Think of your holiday as an opportunity to learn something.
  • Have respect for local culture. Wear clothes that will not offend people. Always ask permission before you take a photograph. Remember that you are a visitor.
  • Don't waste resources. If the area doesn't have much water, don't take two showers every day.
  • Remember the phrase "Leave nothing behind you except footprints and take nothing away except photographs." Take as much care of the places that you visit as you take of your own home. · Don't buy souvenirs made from endangered animals or plants.
  • Walk or use other non-polluting forms of transport whenever you can.
  • Be flexible and keep a sense of humour when things go wrong.

Stay in local hotels and eat in local restaurants. Buy local products whenever possible and pay a fair price for what you buy.

Choose your holiday carefully. Don't be afraid to ask the holiday company about what they do that is 'eco'. Remember that 'eco' is very fashionable today and a lot of holidays that are advertised as ecotourism are not much better than traditional tourism.

But before you get too enthusiastic, think about how you are going to get to your dream 'eco' paradise. Flying is one of the biggest man-made sources of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Friends of the Earth say that one return flight from London to Miami puts as much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere as the average British car driver produces in a year. So don't forget that you don't have to fly to exotic locations for your 'eco' holiday. There are probably places of natural beauty and interest in your own country that you've never visited.





I'm from Brazil and ecotourism is strong here. But it's only a word fashionable. Recently, i travelled to Fernando de Noronha, Porto de Galinhas e Porto Seguro, and all of them are famous because the nature and preservation. However, do not have the control of numbers of people or hotels and restaurant. These establishment are built uncontrolled and the government make believe because the money is the most important for it. Many ecosystems are destroyed, animals die or lose their habitat. Besides that, large quantities of trash are dumped in the nature. It's too sad, because those places are wonderful, specially Fernando de Noronha!
A exception in my travels was Bonito, situated in state of Mato Grosso do Sul. All attraction (tracks, waterfall...) is controled, you need guide e reservation, and the groups are limited to nine people with 30 minutes of interval between groups.
We can change the world! I believe it!

In fact, the article shows the positive ideas about it, but I think the writer must to show the negative ideas. Ideas like the tourism pressure about the location or ignorance about the local tradition. However, the idea of living in a traditional cabin can be a bad experience for a kind of people.

In addition, we must to think about the native people is only a worker or a bussines owner...

I think encouraging ecotourism is a good way to protect the environment and increase our love of the nature . Moreover , travelling helps us broaden our horizon . We can know more about the nature and the local culture as well . In addition , taking an eco- holiday can be exciting and gives us memorable experience .

This is my first time reading about ecotourism , I do not know about this kind of tourism before this time. So when I think to visite historical places , which what I most love to visit, I will consider all what I have read in this article ...thanks a lot

now, i have deeper understanding of ecotourism. As a concern citizen of my country (Philippines), I would love to share this very important information to my family members and relatives and if possible, also to my friends specially those who love to travel.

The article was interesting , I learned new things , I must go first to my local area , respect the others culture and save recourses

hi friends!!This artikel was very good!!I`ve already learnt about it at mine universitat.
I had a experience about living whit the local people.I and my friends have remained a few hours in the home of a shepherd and we have drunk whit him a glass of tea in a cold weather!!it was very good!!

After reading this article I thought about Ecotourism and I see it as very good and important idea for our world. Our world and a nature is in horrible condition now and this type of tourism can help to give better condition. I know that it´s not always possible because when we want go abroad over ocean, so it is better take a plane in my opinion. What do you say on it? I think Ecotourism helps more to enjoy a trip, for example when we take bikes or by foot.

Hi guys :)
Ecoturism is very beautiful idea but i think thats a little complicated. For example I wanna go to Brazil. May I go by bicykle? Definitely not. Plane is indeed better choice. I know sometimes Ecouturism could be a very good change it´s romantic, other than stay at the sea, adventure,... Definitely I want to try it one day :) I think It´s very important project nowadays because our planet is polluted a lot.

Protect the countryside is very important. I admire people who is interested of ecoturism and who can realize it. But I am not one of them. I wont visit very much places and sights. I must use bus or plane or car to do it. BUt on holiday we was in Mohelnice, we go there by car, but there we go to shop and trip only by bike all week.