Why do we use adverbials?

We use adverbs to give more information about the verb.

We use adverbials of manner to say how something happens or how something is done:

The children were playing happily.

He was driving as fast as possible.

We use adverbials of place to say where something happens:

I saw him there.

We met in London.

We use adverbials of time to say when or how often something happens:

They start work at six thirty.

They usually go to work by bus.

We use adverbials of probability to show how certain we are about something.

Perhaps the weather will be fine.

He is certainly coming to the party.

Try these tasks to practice your use of adverbials.

Task 1

Exercise

Task 2

Exercise

Task 3

Exercise

Comments

What is the rule of definite article THE for superlative form of adverb?

John runs the fastest of all.

Or

John runs fastest of all.

Hello amol,

The superlative usually has a definite article before it unless there is a possessive adjective (my/your etc).

There are some cases in which the article is optional and some in which it should not be used.

When the superlative comes before a noun, the article is needed:

He is the best player.

not

He is best player.

 

When a superlative adjective is in the predicative position, meaning it comes after rather than before the noun and follows a verb, it can be omitted, especially in informal use:

Dark chocolate is the best.

or

Dark chocolate is best.

 

The same is true of superlative adverbs:

He worked the hardest.

or

He worked hardest.

 

When the superlative is in the predicative position and you are compare the same thing in different situations you should not use an article:

He works hardest in the morning when he is fresh.

not

He works the hardest in the morning when he is fresh.

 

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Should we use much or very as an adverb of degree to describe V3 used as a verb?

Q. The police was much / very criticised.

Hello amol,

We would use 'very' in this sentence.

We use 'much' to modify verbs in negatives and questions, so you could say these:

Were the police criticised much?

I don't think the police were criticised much.

'Much' usually comes after the verb rather than before it.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Which adverb (much/very) is to be used when V3 is used as an adjective?

1. He is very / much satisfied.

2. I felt very / much tired.

Hello amol,

The correct word here is 'very'. We use 'much' to modify comparative adjectives (much bigger, much more beautiful) but not to modify adjectives.

 

There are two exceptions is in a certain type of informal/slang question:

Person A yawns.

Person B: Tired much?

 

As I said, this is a non-standard use.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk

Actually I was busy with lots of things happening around me
Actually I was busy with lots of things were happening around me

Which one is correct

Hi Nisala Jayasuriya,

The first sentence is correct; the second is not.

 

The first sentence uses the -ing form as part of a participle clause. You can read more about these on this page.

 

The second sentence is not correct. You could add a relative pronoun ('which' or 'that'):

Actually I was busy with lots of things which were happening around me

Alternatively you could have two sentences:

Actually I was busy. Lots of things were happening around me.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Two players got injured while feilding on muddy surface

Is this statement correct

Hi Nisala,

That works, though please note that 'fielding' is misspelt and that some kind of article (either 'a' or 'the') should be used before 'muddy surface'.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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