The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

Comments

Hello Sir
Re: afraid off
I did your exercise under 'Questions and negatives -questions with verbs and prepositions
The question ends with afraid off - I think it is a typing error. I am I correct Sir? The question is : What are you afraid off? I think the preposition is of (What are you afraid of?)
Thank you.
Regards
Lal

Hello Lal,

Yes, you are right -- that should be 'of', not 'off'. Could you please give us the link to the page where you found that exercise? Then we'll fix it right away.

Thanks very much for taking the time to tell us about this.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
I would like to ask which of the following is correct;
When we want to know how long is the duration of the sun during the day(for example the sun rises at 7 am and sets at 8.30 pm)
We ask how long does the sun last in a day? or how long does the day last?
Thank you in advance

Hi anie2,

'How many hours of daylight are there?' is probably the most common way to ask this.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
I would like to ask which of the following is correct.
We use the verb I am fascinated with the preposition about or by? For example, can we say; I am fascinated about detecting the special features of a culture or I am fascinated by detecting..
Thank you in advance

Hello anie2,

We do not use about after fascinated, so by is the correct option here. It is also possible to say fascinated with. The meaning is the same as far as I am aware, but by is the more common choice. 

Often more than one preposition is possible with a given adjective (or verb). The best place to look is a good dictionary, which should list dependent or collocating prepositions.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Ηello,
I would like to ask what is the difference between touristy and touristic?
Thank you in advance

Hello anie2,

There is a difference in meaning between these words.

Touristy is a pejorative word which describes a place whose character has been spoiled by trying to cater too much to tourists. An example would be a historic city which has too many fast-food places, too many nightclubs, and too many very expensive shops and restaurants aiming at foreign clients rather than the people who live in the city. In such a case we might say I liked the city but it's become very touristy recently.

The word touristic is a neutral word describing something related to tourism. However, it is almost never used by native speakers of English, who use the word tourist as an adjective instead. Thus, while you can say touristic excursions and touristic guides, to a native speaker these phrases sound very unnatural. We would say tourist excursions and tourist guides instead.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, I would like to ask which of the following is correct
1.Get the most out of the vibrant capital by exploring its hidden gems OR
2.Get the most out of the vibrant capital and explore its hidden gems
By exploring is correct or to explore? What is the difference in the use of this verb?
Thank you in advance

Hello anie2,

Both forms are possible but they have different meanings.

If you say '...by exploring...' then you mean it is exploring which let's you get the most out of the capital. In other words, exploring is the method for this; if you want to get the most out of the capital then you must explore its hidden gems.

If you say '...and explore...' then you mean that getting the most out of the capital (choosing to get the most out of it) will llet you explore its hidden gems.

 

You can see the difference more clearly in this example:

Get the map by exploring the cave.

Get the map and explore the cave.

In the first sentence you explore the cave in order to find the map.

In the second sentence you first get the map and then explore the cave.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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