1. When we know about the future we normally use the present tense.

  • We use the present simple for something scheduled or arranged:

We have a lesson next Monday.
The train arrives at 6.30 in the morning.
The holidays start next week.
It is my birthday tomorrow.

  • We can use the present continuous for plans or arrangements:

I’m playing football tomorrow.
They are coming to see us tomorrow.
We’re having a party at Christmas.

2. We use will to talk about the future:

  • When we make predictions:

It will be a nice day tomorrow.
I think Brazil will win the World Cup.
I’m sure you will enjoy the film.

  • To mean want to or be willing to:

I hope you will come to my party.
George says he will help us.

  • To make offers and promises:

I'll see you tomorrow.
We'll send you an email.

  • To talk about offers and promises:

Tim will be at the meeting.
Mary will help with the cooking.

3. We use (be) going to:

  • To talk about plans and intentions:

I’m going to drive to work today.
They are going to move to Manchester.

  • When we can see that something is likely to happen:

Be careful! You are going to fall.
Look at those black clouds. I think it’s going to rain.


4. We often use verbs like would like, plan, want, mean, hope, expect to talk about the future:

What are you going to do next year? I’d like to go to University.
We plan to go to France for our holidays.
George wants to buy a new car.

5. We use modals may, might, and could when we are not sure about the future:

I might stay at home tonight, or I might go to the cinema.
We could see Mary at the meeting. She sometimes goes.

6. We can use should if we think something is likely to happen:

We should be home in time for tea.
The game should be over by eight o’clock.

7. Clauses with time words:

In clauses with time words like when, after, and until we often use a present tense form to talk about the future:

I’ll come home when I finish work.
You must wait here until your father comes.
They are coming after they have had dinner.

8. Clauses with if:

In clauses with if we often use a present tense form to talk about the future:

We won’t be able to go out if it rains.
If Barcelona win tomorrow they will be champions.

WARNING: We do not normally use will in clauses with if or with time words:

I’ll come home when I will finish work.
We won’t be able to go out if it will rain rains.

But we can use will if it means a promise or offer:

I will be very happy if you will come to my party.
We should finish the job early if George will help us.

9. We can use the future continuous instead of the present continuous or going to for emphasis when we are talking about plans, arrangements and intentions:

They’ll be coming to see us next week.
I will be driving to work tomorrow.

 

 

Exercise

Comments

Hello Learn English Team
My enquiry in regard to the above test sentence:
"I am having lunch with Gill today. We've got some things to discuss."
Would there be any difference if we said " We have some things to discuss"?
Why the present perfect has been used instead of simple present?
My best regards

Hello Hopefinder,

'We've got' and 'We have' are both correct and mean the same thing in this case. 'have got' is actually not the present perfect tense here, but rather a synonym of 'have'. You can read more about 'have got' on this page.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir
This is from this website. If Barcelona win ---
You say 'win' but not 'wins' because you mean the individual members of the team. I am I correct? But if we take the whole team as one unit 'wins' is correct.
Please let me know.
Thank you.
Regards
Lal

Hello Lal,

Teams or groups can be singular (the group as a whole) or plural (a collection of members), as you say.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir
This is regarding an e- mail I have just read in my 'in box' the topic is ' new comment on talking about the future -' Peter M has commented on': under 'Learn English / British Council'
Reply to Csahoo
--- in English we have only two grammatical tenses past (e.g. 'look') and present or non past (e.g. 'looked')
I think it should be 'past (e.g. 'looked') not 'look' and present or non past (e.g. look) not 'looked'
Is it a typing error? or I am I wrong?
Please let me know.
Thank you.
Regards
Lal

Hello Lal,

You are quite right. The past form is 'looked' and the non-past form is 'look'.

Thank you for pointing this typo out. I have edited the original comment.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir
Are the following two sentences correct in one it says 'Sunday' and in the second it says 'Sundays' I think both mean the same. I am I correct? If they mean the same why one writes like that.
e.g. Shops in Colombo are closed on Sunday. / Shops in Colombo are closed
on Sundays.
My second question: Can one use present tense on both sides of a 'if' clause? E.g.1. If they mean the same why one writes like that.2. If you meet him, please give this letter.
Thank you.
Regards
Lal

Hello Lal,

You can say 'on Sunday' or 'on Sundays'. The first can mean only one day ('this Sunday') or can have a general meaning; the second always has a general meaning.

In your example you have a present form in the first clause ('meet') but an imperative form in the second ('give'). It is fine to use an imperative form like this as a way of giving instructions or commands to someone.

You can use two present forms when you are making a statement which is always or typically true. For example:

If you don't water plants, they die.

If the sun shines then more people use bicycles.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir I have I very simple doubt about tense .One student asked me that can we say future tense or only the future time.so I am confused.plz help me . If we say future tense it will be wrong

Hello Csahoo,

'Future time' is straightforward: it is any time which has not yet come.

Strictly, 'tense' refers to a change in the form of the verb and in English we have only two grammatical tenses: past (e.g. 'looked') and present or non-past (e.g. 'look').

We talk about future time with a range of devices. Sometimes people call will + verb the 'future tense' but this is not correct, grammatically speaking. 'Will' is a modal verb like 'should' or 'can', not a tense.

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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