The future continuous (will be + ‘ing’ form) and the future perfect (will have + past participle) tenses are used to talk about events in the future.

Future continuous

  • Don’t ring at 8 o’clock. I’ll be watching Who Wants to be a Millionaire.
  • This time tomorrow we’ll be sitting on the beach. I can’t wait!

We use the future continuous to talk about something that will be in progress at or around a time in the future.

  • Don’t phone grandma now, she’ll be having dinner.
  • The kids are very quiet. They’ll be doing something wrong, I know it!

These sentences are not about the future but we can use the future continuous to talk about what we assume is happening at the moment.

Future Perfect

  • Do you think you will have finished it by next Thursday?
  • In 5 years time I’ll have finished university and I’ll be able to earn some money at last.

We use the future perfect to say that something will be finished by a particular time in the future.

We often use the future perfect with ‘by’ or ‘in

  • I think astronauts will have landed on Mars by the year 2020.
  • I’ll have finished in an hour and then you can use the computer.

By’ means ‘not later than a particular time’ and ‘in’ means 'within a period of time’. We don’t know exactly when something will finish.

  • I promise I’ll have done all the work by next Saturday.

We don’t know exactly when he will finish the work – maybe Thursday, maybe Friday – but definitely before Saturday. 

Exercise

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Comments

HELLO EVERY ONE
COULD YOU PLEASE TELL ME WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MAKE AND MADE.WHEN WE USE THIS WORDS.
THANK YOU

Hello MD.SALMAN,

These are different forms of the verb.

'Make' is an infinitive or present form.

'Made' is a past simple or past participle form.

These are fundamental verb forms and their use is detailed on relevant pages in the grammar section on verbs - here. For questions like this - very broad and general questions about fundamental aspects of the grammatical system - the comments section is not really a good place, but the grammar section contains this information and you can work through it at your own pace.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir,
what is the difference between these two sentences?
I think everyone is going to the dinner on Friday
The program starts at ten.
both talk about future. But why don't we write : "The program is starting at ten" and "I think everyone goes to the dinner on Friday"
Thank you

Hello wisefool,

The present simple is often used to talk about timetabled events, e.g. such as a program starting at 10. The dinner on Friday is a one-time event and is viewed as a plan – this is a typical use of 'going to'. Please see our talking about the future page for more on this topic in general.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, Sit
I have read we can also use the future continuous in prediction.
So please I want to know what is the difference between those examples
those clouds look very dark. it will be raining.
look at those clouds. it's going to rain.
Thank you

Hello sunrisereham,

You first example sentence is odd because 'going to' is typically used when we can see conditions (such as dark clouds) that cause us to make a prediction for the near future. 

The future continuous could be used to make a prediction if you regard the future event as normal in some way or if it's already planned. For example, since both you and I are regular users at LearnEnglish, I could say 'I'll be seeing you around' – this is a prediction of a future event that is to be expected since we are both regular users.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I had some douts about future perfect and this lesson has help me a lot, so thanks a lot for the help rigards.

Hello The LearnEnglish Team,

I was wondering whether it would be grammatically correct to use either the future perfect or future simple with time expressions such as "by the end of this month" or "in two weeks", etc. Is the role of the future perfect simply to emphasize the completion of the activity mentioned by the time stated, while the future simple merely predicts that the activity will happen without stressing its completion?

Thank you for your time in advance.

Best regards,
SnjezaB

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