The City of London


Nick talks about the history of The Thames and then is shown around a houseboat on the river. Later, he meets some artists who create incredible images of London in the future.

Do the Preparation task first. Then watch the video. Next go to Task and do the activity. If you need help, you can read the Transcript at any time.


Before you watch

Think about the following questions:

  • Why are rivers important in a town or city?
  • Do you have a famous river in your country?
  • Would you like to live on the river? Why / Why not?

Now, watch the video to find out more about the River Thames.



Hello sir

How can I download the video? or it can´t be downloaded?

Hello Yanireal,

I'm afraid the videos are not available for downloading for legal and technical reasons. You can, however, watch them as many times as you wish online.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


No, modal verbs are a category of their own and not an example of anything. I'm not really sure what you mean by 'mixed tenses'.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

I speak English fairly well. The trouble is that I was taught never to say 'Lesser' as a comparative. But recently, I read a book,"Children Of The Lesser Gods", and I'm confused! When can I use this word?
Need some help from you!

Hello Dr British1,

The word 'lesser' means 'less important' or 'minor'. It is different from 'less' which means 'fewer' when used as a comparitive adjective, and which is also used in comparative forms with long adjectives ('less beautiful').

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi sir:
I want know why
He say " a lot money has been invested
not " a lot money was invested

Hi nkmg,

We use this form - the present perfect - when there is a present result of a past action. Here, the money was invested (in the past) and there is a present result (the area has been regenerated). We would use the past simple (was invested) if the action was in the past without any particular result in the present.

You can read more about the present perfect here.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi sir:

I still have a big problem with the meaning of present result
what is this mean exactly ?
The Big Ben built in past but it still existing as a result of past action

Hello nkmg,

When we speak about a past action with a present result, we're speaking about an action that happened in the past and the results of that action, which began in the past and still continue now.

If you are speaking only about when it was built, the past simple would be the verb form you'd most likely use, e.g. 'Elizabeth Tower ('Big Ben') was completed in 1858', but if the action you're referring to began in the past and is still true now, the present perfect would be the correct form, e.g. 'Elizabeth Tower was completed in 1858 and has been an important symbol of the UK for decades'. The idea of 'has been' is that it became an important symbol in the past and also still is an important symbol today.

I hope this helps you.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team