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Comparative and superlative adjectives

Level: beginner

Comparative adjectives

We use comparative adjectives to show change or make comparisons:

This car is certainly better, but it's much more expensive.
I'm feeling happier now.
We need a bigger garden.

We use than when we want to compare one thing with another:

She is two years older than me.
New York is much bigger than Boston.
He is a better player than Ronaldo.
France is a bigger country than Britain.

When we want to describe how something or someone changes we can use two comparatives with and:

The balloon got bigger and bigger.
Everything is getting more and more expensive.
Grandfather is looking older and older

We often use the with comparative adjectives to show that one thing depends on another:

The faster you drive, the more dangerous it is. 
(= When you drive faster, it is more dangerous.)

The higher they climbed, the colder it got. 
(= When they climbed higher, it got colder.)

Comparative adjectives 1

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Comparative adjectives 2

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Superlative adjectives

We use the with superlative adjectives:

It was the happiest day of my life.
Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
That’s the best film I have seen this year.
I have three sisters: Jan is the oldest and Angela is the youngest

Superlative adjectives 1

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Superlative adjectives 2

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How to form comparative and superlative adjectives

We usually add –er and –est to one-syllable words to make comparatives and superlatives:

old older oldest
long longer longest

If an adjective ends in –e, we add –r or –st:

nice nicer nicest
large larger largest

If an adjective ends in a vowel and a consonant, we double the consonant:

big bigger biggest
fat fatter fattest

If an adjective ends in a consonant and –y, we change –y to –i and add –er or –est:

happy happier happiest
silly sillier silliest

We use more and most to make comparatives and superlatives for most two syllable adjectives and for all adjectives with three or more syllables:

careful more careful  most careful
interesting more interesting  most interesting

However, with these common two-syllable adjectives, you can either add –er/–r and –est/–st or use more and most:

common
cruel
gentle
handsome
likely
narrow
pleasant
polite
simple
stupid

He is certainly handsomer than his brother.
His brother is handsome, but he is more handsome.
She is one of the politest people I have ever met.
She is the most polite person I have ever met.

The adjectives good, bad and far have irregular comparatives and superlatives:

good better best
bad worse worst
far farther/further  farthest/furthest
How to form comparative and superlative adjectives

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Basic level

Comments

excellent explanation and very easy to understand.
I would like to remember the most common mistake is using the superlative when there are only two items.

For example:

Incorrect: Mary was the tallest of the two girls.

Correct: Mary was the taller of the two girls.

When a word with three or more syllables is used as a comparative, –er and –est are typically not used, but rather “more” and “most” are used before the adverb.

thanks for the content it helped me a lot since this topic is very difficult for me.

An easy way to study the comparative and superlative form is:
I did not forget it
That the comparison is used to compare the differences between two objects
We use that when we want to compare one thing with another:
Angela's room is cleaner than Sue's.

in the superlative we use it when we want to emphasize that the subject is at the upper or lower end of a quality.
We use the with superlative adjectives:
Angela's room is the cleanest.

There are some rules to form the comparative and superlative.

1. For one-syllable adjectives:

Superlative adds: "-est" the fastest
Comparative: adds: "-er" faster
2. For one-syllable adjectives ending in "e":
Superlative adds: "-st" best
Comparative: add" -er nicer
3. For one-syllable adjectives ending in consonant vowel consonant:

Superlative adds: consonant "-est" biggest
Comparative:add: consonant "-er" hotter
4. For two syllable adjectives ending in "y":

Superlative:replace "y" with: "-iest" happiest
Comparative:replace " y" with: "-ier" funnier

5. For adjectives with two or more syllables:
Superlative : adds: "the most" / "the least"
Most beautiful
Comparative : add: "more" / "less"
more beautiful ,less beautiful

It is simple the comparatives is to put and see the difference between two things example, the car is small but this one is smaller and the superlative is used to highlight a characteristic of an object, thing or animal example, your dog is the fastest in the race

Good morning everyone, this topic is very important because it is where we are going to be able to compare things, we must be very careful when they are accountants and non-accountants, the practices found on this page are incredible. Thanks a lot. :)

Comparative adjectives are used to compare a certain characteristic or quality between two or more things, animals or people

Superlative adjectives express the maximum degree of a feature of an element relative to others in the same group or condition

thanks for the explanation and practice, it has helped me reinforce this topic, which can sometime be confusing.

remember that for the comparative you add -er and that for the superlative you add -est but using the rules correctly.

Quantifiers define a name and are always located in front of the name. Some can be used only with countable names, others only with uncountable names and others with both.

The comparative is used in English to compare differences between the two objects it modifies(larger,faster,smaller) it is used in sentences where we compare two names.
The superlative is used to describe an object that is at the top or bottom of a quality (the tallest, the smallest). used in sentences in which we compare a subject with a group of objects.

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