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The definite article: 'the'

Level: beginner

The definite article the is the most frequent word in English.

We use the definite article in front of a noun when we believe the listener/reader knows exactly what we are referring to:

  • because there is only one:

The Pope is visiting Russia.
The moon is very bright tonight.
Who is the president of France?

This is why we use the definite article with a superlative adjective:

He is the tallest boy in the class.
It is the oldest building in the town.

  • because there is only one in that context:

We live in a small house next to the church. (= the church in our village)
Dad, can I borrow the car? (= the car that belongs to our family)
When we stayed at my grandmother’s house, we went to the beach every day. (= the beach near my grandmother’s house)
Look at the boy over there. (= the boy I am pointing at)

  • because we have already mentioned it:

A young man got a nasty shock when he tried to rob a jewellery shop in Richmond. The man used a heavy hammer to smash the windows in the shop.

We also use the definite article:

  • to say something about all the things referred to by a noun:

The wolf is not really a dangerous animal. (= Wolves are not really dangerous animals.)
The kangaroo is found only in Australia. (= Kangaroos are found only in Australia.)
The heart pumps blood around the body. (= Hearts pump blood around bodies.)

We use the definite article in this way to talk about musical instruments:

Joe plays the piano really well.
She is learning the guitar.

  • to refer to a system or service:

How long does it take on the train?
I heard it on the radio.
You should tell the police.

The definite article the 1


The definite article the 2


The definite article the 3



Level: intermediate

We can also use the definite article with adjectives like rich, poor, elderly and unemployed to talk about groups of people: 

Life can be very hard for the poor.
I think the rich should pay more taxes.
She works for a group to help the disabled.



Level: beginner

The definite article with names

We do not normally use the definite article with names:

William Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.
Paris is the capital of France.
Iran is in Asia.

But we do use the definite article with:

  • countries whose names include words like kingdom, states or republic:
the United Kingdom the Kingdom of Bhutan
the United States the People's Republic of China
  •  countries which have plural nouns as their names:
the Netherlands the Philippines
  • geographical features, such as mountain ranges, groups of islands, rivers, seas, oceans and canals:
the Himalayas the Canaries the Atlantic (Ocean) the Amazon the Panama Canal
  • newspapers:
The Times The Washington Post
  • well-known buildings or works of art:
the Empire State Building the Taj Mahal the Mona Lisa
  • organisations:
the United Nations the Seamen's Union
  • hotels, pubs and restaurants:
the Ritz the Ritz Hotel the King's Head the Déjà Vu

But note that we do not use the definite article if the name of the hotel or restaurant is the name of the owner:

Brown's Brown's Hotel Morel's Morel's Restaurant
  • families:
the Obamas the Jacksons
The definite article with names 1


The definite article with names 2


The definite article with names 3


The definite article with names 4




Thank you so much for replying, Kirk!
Please also explain the moment why they use "the EU market" in the sentence "That would make it much easier for UK firms which export services to continue doing business in the EU market." Because you can also say "European market" or "Europe Union's market" so "EU" is shown as an adjective here, but still is using with a definite article "the". The same situation repeats in "The guaranteed access that UK companies had to the EU single market is over" with "the EU single market" phrase, which means "European united market", as I understand.
Could you please provide some info about these particular cases as well? Thank you for your help!

Hello kosoy007,

It's common to use abbreviations of organisations and states in this way:

the UN General Assembly

the UK Parliament

the EU single market

the US Treasury Department


You can use European as an adjective, of course, or say the European Union's single market, but I think the EU... is the most common choice in this context. It's really a matter of convention, however, not grammatical or lexis rules.



The LearnEnglish Team

I got it! Thank you once again!

I was wondering if it is ok to say "end of year ceremony" or is it"end of the year ceremony "

Hello IsabelEdwards,

You can say both, though in most situations 'end-of-year ceremony' is probably more common.

All the best,


The LearnEnglish Team

I 'd like to ask a question.
Can we use definite areticle before an expression which shows possession using apostrophe? For example: The Oke's model

Hi Hashemi_Ashka,

You can use the definite article before a noun with a possessive apostrophe. For example:

the dog's tail

the car's door

the teacher's desk


However, this does not change the normal rules of article use. If the word 'Oke' in your example is a name then no article would be used.



The LearnEnglish Team

Dear all, can you please tell me whether to use definite article before proper nouns like Big Ben, London Eye, Westminster Bridge?
many thanks

can you explain use of the with classroom

In my opinion what can be expected is a change of the teachers’ role, but not their disappearance from the classroom.