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Level: beginner

this and these

We use this (singular) and these (plural) as pronouns:

  • to talk about people or things near us:

This is a nice cup of tea.
Whose shoes are these?

  • to introduce people:

This is Janet.
These are my friends John and Michael.

Be careful!

We say, This is John and this is Michael. (NOT These are John and Michael.)

  • to begin a conversation on the phone:

Hello, this is David. Can I speak to Sally?

that and those

We use that (singular) and those (plural) as pronouns to talk about things that are not near us:

What's that?
Those are very expensive shoes.
This is our house, and that's Rebecca's house over there.



We also use that to reply to something someone has said:

'Shall we go to the cinema?'  'Yes, that’s a good idea.'
'I've got a new job.'  'That's great.'
'I'm very tired.'  'Why is that?'

Replies with that's 1


Replies with that's 2


With nouns

We can also use this, these, that and those with nouns. We use this and these for people or things near us:

We have lived in this house for twenty years.
Have you read all of these books?

and that and those for people or things that are not near us:

Who lives in that house?
Who are those people?

Demonstratives with nouns




Hello Learner & Administrator of this site. I want to improve my English language. so I hope. You will Mention your Feedback.
These are some verbs. which are not involved in Continuous Tense
Is it Right?

But sir if we are teaching to someone. we can say. these are some verbs. which are not involved in Continuous Tense.

Hi sampat,

Normally I teach this topic just as Peter and the page he referred to explain it.

In any case, please know that there are exceptions to this rule, so depending on the level of the class you are teaching, it might or might not be appropriate to mention the exceptions.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi to all,
Please, I would like to know what pronoun must we use when we talk about for example of attachment of email.
Must we say : Please, find enclosed this file or
                       Please, find enclosed that file.
I am confused sometimes.
Thanks for your help

Hi tkedd,
The word enclosed is more appropriate for 'snail mail' , that is, letters that are posted in an envelope.
For an attachment to an email, I would recommend something like one of the following phrases (though there are many other good ones, too!):

  • please find attached a copy of the report  (a bit formal)
  • I've attached a copy of the report to this message  (more informal)

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello this is Hector. I got 100%. I'm so very glad, I have been using these exercises a few days ago and this is my first 100%.I was close in previous tries, but I had a mistake or omission.
I appreciate so much this material and the opportunity to improve my English and double check my grammar.
I thank you Learn English team.
By the way, is correct say "I thank you" or "thank you" is enough?, I ask you because, I would like to be polite and formal

Hi Hector,
Thanks for your kind words and for letting us know that you find LearnEnglish useful - it's always great to hear.
"I thank you" is correct, and is really quite formal. Just "thank you" is also polite (and fine in this context), but not as formal.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, This is better to learn English but somewhere may be more clarification or detail need to explain d uses of words.

I say, thank you very much to this web, cause can help me gate better english, and understaind many think..