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Indefinite pronouns

Level: beginner

The indefinite pronouns are:

anybody everybody nobody somebody
anyone everyone no one someone
anything everything nothing something

We use indefinite pronouns to refer to people or things without saying exactly who or what they are. We use pronouns ending in -body or -one for people, and pronouns ending in -thing for things:

Everybody enjoyed the concert.
I opened the door but there was no one at home.
It was a very clear day. We could see everything.

Indefinite pronouns 1

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We use a singular verb after an indefinite pronoun:

Everybody loves Sally.
Everything was ready for the party.

When we refer back to an indefinite pronoun, we normally use a plural pronoun:

Everybody enjoyed the concert. They stood up and clapped.
I will tell somebody that dinner is ready. They have been waiting a long time.

Be careful!

In negative clauses, we use pronouns with no-, not pronouns with any-:

Nobody came. (NOT Anybody didn't come.)

We do not use another negative in a clause with nobody, no one or nothing:

Nobody came. (NOT Nobody didn't come.)
Nothing happened. (NOT Nothing didn't happen.)

Indefinite pronouns 2

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We can add 's to an indefinite pronoun to make a possessive:

They were staying in somebody's house.
Is this anybody's coat?

We use else after indefinite pronouns to refer to other people or things:

All the family came, but no one else.
If Michael can't come, we'll ask somebody else.
I think this is somebody else's coat.

Comments

first time ever in history i got 100%

Hello sir,

May i ask? Whats the difference between "cant agree with you more" with "cant agree agree more with you"? Is 'more' an indefinite pronoun here?

I got confused when comparing with the idiom "cant be more happy". (Note that the position of 'more' here is before the adjective, whilst the other is at the end of the sentence.

Hello haziqrazlii,

There is no difference between the two alternatives (though there should be only one 'agree', not two as you wrote in the second sentence). The word order is more fixed in other examples, as you note.

The word 'more' here is an adverb, not a pronoun. It describes the verb 'agree' in your first example and modifies the adjective 'happy' in the second.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Good afternoon,
I do have a question concerning the use of indefinite pronouns. How could I form a sentence using 'someone'? For example: Someone in here likes to eat ice-cream? or Does someone in here like to eat ice-cream? Which one should I use?
Thank you.

Hello Bruno,

'someone' is usually used in affirmative sentences and 'anyone' is more common in questions or negative sentences. For example:

Someone needs to answer the phone.
Did anyone answer the phone?
He doesn't want to talk to anyone.

Your first question lacks the auxiliary verb 'do/does', which is needed in questions in the present simple.

Hope this helps!

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir.
I have a question. Which is the difference between everybody and averyone, Nobody and No one, Anybody and Anyone and finally somebody and someone? They seem to have the same meaning...

Coul you help me with this?
Thank you!

Hello Donna,

There is no difference in meaning between the forms with '-one' and '-body'. In British English, the '-body' forms are a little more common in speaking and the '-one' forms are a little more common in writing, but they are equally correct in both writing and speaking.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, I am confused with anyone and any one. Anyone is an indefinite pronoun but what's
any one? Is it also an indefinite pronoun or something else?
I will be highly obliged if you help me with this problem.
Thanks in advance.

Hello muslimbadshah,

'Anyone' is an indefinite pronoun and can be used as a subject, object etc. It is similar in use (though not meaning, obviously) to 'no-one', 'everyone', 'someone' etc.

'Any one' is similar, grammatically speaking to other phrases with 'any + noun', such as 'any book', 'any person', 'any car' etc. It has no particular grammatical role, even though it looks the same as the indefinite pronoun.

 


Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

hello learnenglish.britishcouncil.org staff,
Thank you for your pretty and useful job that you are doing here

you used this example: So that's eggs, peas and chips. Do you want anything else?

why did not you say "those are" instead of " that's"? As the words after it are plural.

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