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Indefinite pronouns

Level: beginner

The indefinite pronouns are:

anybody everybody nobody somebody
anyone everyone no one someone
anything everything nothing something

We use indefinite pronouns to refer to people or things without saying exactly who or what they are. We use pronouns ending in -body or -one for people, and pronouns ending in -thing for things:

Everybody enjoyed the concert.
I opened the door but there was no one at home.
It was a very clear day. We could see everything.

Indefinite pronouns 1

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We use a singular verb after an indefinite pronoun:

Everybody loves Sally.
Everything was ready for the party.

When we refer back to an indefinite pronoun, we normally use a plural pronoun:

Everybody enjoyed the concert. They stood up and clapped.
I will tell somebody that dinner is ready. They have been waiting a long time.

Be careful!

In negative clauses, we use pronouns with no-, not pronouns with any-:

Nobody came. (NOT Anybody didn't come.)

We do not use another negative in a clause with nobody, no one or nothing:

Nobody came. (NOT Nobody didn't come.)
Nothing happened. (NOT Nothing didn't happen.)

Indefinite pronouns 2

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We can add 's to an indefinite pronoun to make a possessive:

They were staying in somebody's house.
Is this anybody's coat?

We use else after indefinite pronouns to refer to other people or things:

All the family came, but no one else.
If Michael can't come, we'll ask somebody else.
I think this is somebody else's coat.

Comments

Hi,I was little confused bt still i scored 100% in first attempt

I like this. My score is 50%

Very good thiss class, but I neet to know what is the difference between somebody and anybody, someone and anyone and between something and anyfing.
I'll be grateful for a reply.

Hello j_amarildo!
When you use anybody, anyone, anything, the scope is not limited. But with somebody, someone, something, you are referring to something particular.
 
Let me explain it with an example.
 
Can anybody lend me some money?
indicates that you believe every person in the audience to be kind enough to lend you some money. 
 
Can somebody lend me some money?
indicates that you don't believe every person in the audience to be kind enough to lend you some money. You believe that a few might help you.
 

Dear S Kumar,
Thank You very much for your explain.

got 100%! And wondered that there could be two possible answers for some questions.

In the second question, I think there are two possible answers:
1. There's nothing about that man.
2. There's something about that man.
Is that true?
Thanks in advance for answering.

also in my opinion we can talk of two possible answers!

what is the different between somebody and someone?
So what does it mean when i say:
1. Somebody told me that Bali is beautiful island.
2. Someone told me that Bali is beautiful island.

There is no difference between somebody and someone! These pronouns refer to people.

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