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Indefinite pronouns

Level: beginner

Some of the indefinite pronouns in English are:

anybody everybody nobody somebody
anyone everyone no one someone
anything everything nothing something

We use indefinite pronouns to refer to people or things without saying exactly who or what they are. We use pronouns ending in -body or -one for people, and pronouns ending in -thing for things:

Everybody enjoyed the concert.
I opened the door but there was no one at home.
It was a very clear day. We could see everything.

Indefinite pronouns 1


We use a singular verb after an indefinite pronoun:

Everybody loves Sally.
Everything was ready for the party.

When we refer back to an indefinite pronoun, we normally use a plural pronoun:

Everybody enjoyed the concert. They stood up and clapped.
I will tell somebody that dinner is ready. They have been waiting a long time.

Be careful!

In negative clauses, we use pronouns with no-, not pronouns with any-:

Nobody came. (NOT Anybody didn't come.)

We do not use another negative in a clause with nobody, no one or nothing:

Nobody came. (NOT Nobody didn't come.)
Nothing happened. (NOT Nothing didn't happen.)

Indefinite pronouns 2


We can add 's to an indefinite pronoun to make a possessive:

They were staying in somebody's house.
Is this anybody's coat?

We use else after indefinite pronouns to refer to other people or things:

All the family came, but no one else.
If Michael can't come, we'll ask somebody else.
I think this is somebody else's coat.


I can't see anything wrong with it on its own.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

why it is not correct to say in the 3th sentence 
Can ( anybody ) give a huge round of applause for our next guest ?

If you use 'anybody' in sentence 3, the speaker is hoping that one person will applaud. The correct answer is 'everyone' because the speaker wants all the people listening to applaud.
I hope that helps.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello .. 
Is it correct if I would say :.
? Every one must know who committed this crime

Grammatically your sentence is fine. The meaning is ambiguous, because there isn't any context. I don't know if it means 'everyone should know' or 'I am sure everyone knows'. However, in a longer text, the meaning would be clearer.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

i don't think this sentence:" somebody must know who committed this crime" is clear because we can understand with 2 meaning like everyone.. could you make it clear for me, thanks

I'm not quite sure what you're asking. This sentence can have two meanings, as I said in my previous comment. Without knowing the context, we can't be sure which one it is.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi Alex

would both ways will be correct if I would say:
"I don't have anything to wear to the party tomorrow",and"I have nothing to wear to the party tomorrow"?

Hi Alex

Both sentences are correct.



The LearnEnglish Team