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Indefinite pronouns

Level: beginner

Some of the indefinite pronouns in English are:

anybody everybody nobody somebody
anyone everyone no one someone
anything everything nothing something

We use indefinite pronouns to refer to people or things without saying exactly who or what they are. We use pronouns ending in -body or -one for people, and pronouns ending in -thing for things:

Everybody enjoyed the concert.
I opened the door but there was no one at home.
It was a very clear day. We could see everything.

Indefinite pronouns 1


We use a singular verb after an indefinite pronoun:

Everybody loves Sally.
Everything was ready for the party.

When we refer back to an indefinite pronoun, we normally use a plural pronoun:

Everybody enjoyed the concert. They stood up and clapped.
I will tell somebody that dinner is ready. They have been waiting a long time.

Be careful!

In negative clauses, we use pronouns with no-, not pronouns with any-:

Nobody came. (NOT Anybody didn't come.)

We do not use another negative in a clause with nobody, no one or nothing:

Nobody came. (NOT Nobody didn't come.)
Nothing happened. (NOT Nothing didn't happen.)

Indefinite pronouns 2


We can add 's to an indefinite pronoun to make a possessive:

They were staying in somebody's house.
Is this anybody's coat?

We use else after indefinite pronouns to refer to other people or things:

All the family came, but no one else.
If Michael can't come, we'll ask somebody else.
I think this is somebody else's coat.


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I don't understand why it is not "anyone" in the 6th sentence instead of "no one". Is it because of the positive verb "walks"?
No one walks anywhere in the USA, they just get into their car.
Thank you.

Hi there,
why I cannot use 'nothing' in the 5th sentence.
'They spent absolutely nothing on that house. It looks amazing.'
Moreover why cannot I use 'everyone' in the 8th sentence.
'Everyone must know who committed this crime.'

in the question number two, what if I answer 'nothing', would it be incorrect? why?
"There's nothing strange about that man"
Thanks :)

Hello there,
the answer in number two is:
Q 2.  there's something strange about that man.


thats agood cours!

very good exercise .I'm learning a lot. Many thanks to you .

is that true when I say "nothing is happened"?

I think "nothing has happened" or "nothing happened" is correct.