Level: beginner

Most verbs have a past tense and past participle with –ed:


But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
build built built
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
know knew known
leave left left
lead led led
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sit sat sat
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
Irregular verbs



Hi SonuKumar,

I'm afraid neither of these is natural. If you mean that the deer ran because it saw a lion, then I'd suggest something like 'Seeing a lion, the deer ran'. I'm not sure if that's what you mean, though.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I'll get your phone number recharged to
talk (to you) in future. Or
I'll get your phone number recharged for
For talking (to you) in future. I think the first
one is right isn't it ?

Hi SonuKumar,

Yes, the first is better.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Very good excercise, only one fault. To catch

Sir, My Car has not been around Since last night.
I wonder If I can rewrite this sentence like this- My car has been disappeared or vanished since last night.

I want to say that this company was closed 18 years ago or It's been 18 years since this company was closed.
Could I also say this thing like this- This company has been closed since the year 2000 ?
Note, I'm using the past participle 'closed' as an adjective here, One might misunderstand it as ed form of the transitive verb close.

Hi SonuKumar,

'disappear' and 'vanish' are intransitive verbs, so they are not used in passive constructions like the ones in your sentences. You could say 'My car disappeared (or vanished) last night' and that would be fine.

As for your second question, yes, that is correct and well-formed.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, then If I want to say that this university was established in the year 2000, Can I also say that this university has been established since the year 2000 ?

Hello SonuKumar,

I would say that it would not be correct. This is because 'establish' is an act which takes a moment rather than a state which is ongoing. Just as we cannot say 'it has been founded since...' and 'he has arrived since...', so I would say that we cannot use 'established' in this way.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, Sit, Stand, Stay and Live. Are these stative verbs ?

Hi SonuKumar,

No, they are not.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team