Level: beginner

English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.)
I'm waiting for my wife.She is late. (NOT Is late.)

... except for the imperative:

Go away.
Play it again, please.

there

If there is no other subject, we use there to talk about:

  • where or when something is:

There's an interesting book on the shelf.
There'll be an eclipse of the moon tonight.

  • a number or amount:

There is plenty of bread left.
There were twenty people at the meeting.

  • something existing or happening:

There's a small problem.
There was a nasty fight.

it

We use it to talk about:

  • times and dates:              

It's nearly one o'clock.
It's my birthday.

  • the weather:

It's raining.
It's a lovely day.
It was getting cold.

We use it with the verb be and an –ing form or to-infinitive to express opinions:

It's great living here.
It's nice to meet you.

Subjects of sentences

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it and there as dummy subjects 1

MultipleChoice_MTUyNzE=

it and there as dummy subjects 2

GapFillTyping_MTUyNzM=

Comments

Thanks so much British council for providing online learning English program to us. I want  this site help always.

This site is really interesting. It helped me to improve my grammer. thank you BC (:

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It is to learn here a lot to develop the own english practice. Great. I am glad to thank for the concept of these portal then it is rarely good. There are not much elearning conceptes or DVDS for languages of the quality like that.

Lovely site!! Thank you British Council

hi its khurram its great to learn online english thanks to british council for it

hi
 

I am very glad to thank British council for providing online learning English program to improve language.

Aklilu
Ethiopia  
 

thank you a lot of  for your your need.

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