Level: intermediate

Past tense

There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The past tense in English is used:

  • to talk about the past
  • to talk about hypotheses (when we imagine something)
  • for politeness.

There are four past tense forms in English:

Past simple: I worked
Past continuous: I was working
Past perfect: I had worked
Past perfect continuous: I had been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the past:

He worked at McDonald's. He had worked there since July.
He was working at McDonald's. He had been working there since July.

  • to refer to the present or future in hypotheses:

It might be dangerous. Suppose they got lost.

This use is very common in wishes:

I wish it wasn't so cold.

and in conditions with if:

He could get a new job if he really tried.
If Jack was playing, they would probably win.

For hypotheses, wishes and conditions in the past, we use the past perfect:

It was very dangerous. What if you had got lost?
I wish I hadn't spent so much money last month.
I would have helped him if he had asked.

and also to talk about the present in a few polite expressions:

Excuse me, I was wondering if this was the train for York.
I just hoped you would be able to help me.

Past tense 1


Past tense 2



Hello Danielyong96,

Although the sentences look similar, they in fact have different verbs in them. The first sentence is an example of [be + past participle/adjective], while the second sentence is an example of 'go' in the past perfect. We can see this if we change them into simple past forms:

1. She was gone ten years.

2. She went ten years.

The first sentence you quote is fine; it means she was not 'here' (where the speaker is).

The second sentence needs more information for it to make sense, such as a destination of some kind: 'She had gone away from her home for ten years'.

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

that means is the first sentence, gone=adjective instead of a verb, right?

Hello Daniel,

That's correct!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team


Hello Teacher,
What is the difference between below sentences:

1) The volcanic ash closed several airports.
2) The volcanic ash had closed several airports.

Hello rishi,

The verb in sentence 1 is in the past simple tense and the verb in 2 is in the past perfect tense. If you look in the English Grammar box on the right under 'past tense', you'll see links to past simple and past perfect pages, where you'll find detailed explanations and examples of these forms.

I think those pages should answer your question, but if you have any further questions, please let us know.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir,

I have been through suggested details, but i still insist your valuable response.


Hello rishi1234567,

We use the past simple when an action happens in the past. We use the past perfect when an action happens in the past and is before another event, which it influences in some way. It is the same relationship as the present perfect and the present:

  • We use the present perfect for an action before the present which influences a present action or state in some way.
  • We use the past perfect for an action before the present which influenced a past action or state in some way.

The second sentence does not make sense unless there is another event in the past referred to in another sentence.


Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, could you please clear my concept about past tense actually I'm very confused with these verbs .. When we use was, were, did, ed form like decided and I read when we use was after this we use base form like was flood but I heard in news they use word was flooded so can you explain I'm which condition we use ed forms after was ..


I'm afraid I can't provide explanations of multiple forms in the comments sections here - I would have to write a book to cover all of that! I recommend you use the links in the grammar section, especially the part about verbs, to research these areas.

Perhaps one thing that I can clarify is the difference between 'flooded' and 'was flooded'. Both are past forms, but 'flooded' is an active past simple form, while 'was flooded' (or 'were flooded') is a passive past simple form. You can find more about active and passive forms here.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you sir for reply .. Can you please tell when and where we use above verb . One more question how we decided in past tense we should use was or did ?? Any specific rules in english for using this did or that? And which condition we can't use use both and we use only active form of verb in tense ???