Level: beginner

We have both subject pronouns and object pronouns:

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

We use subject pronouns as the subject of a verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend.
It is raining.
She is on holiday.
We live in England.
They come
from London.

Be careful!

English clauses always have a subject.

His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.)
I'm waiting for my wife.She is late. (NOT Is late.)

The imperative, which is used for orders, invitations and requests, is an exception:

Go away.
Please come to dinner tomorrow.
Play it again, please.

If there is no other subject, we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

We use object pronouns as the object of a verb:

Can you help me, please?
I can see you.
She doesn't like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn't see us.

and after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I'll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don't take it from us.
I'll speak to them.

Subject and object pronouns 1


Subject and object pronouns 2


he, she and they

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman, we use they/them:

This is Jack. He's my brother. I don't think you have met him.
This is Angela. She's my sister. Have you met her before?
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.

he, she and they 1


he, she and they 2


you and they

We use you to talk about people in general, including the speaker and the hearer:

You can buy this book everywhere. = This book is on sale everywhere.
You can't park here. = Parking is not allowed here.

We use they/them to talk about institutions and organisations:

They serve good food here. (they = the restaurant)
Ask them for a cheaper ticket. (them = the airline)

especially the government and the authorities:

They don't let you smoke in here. 
They are going to increase taxes.
They are building a new motorway. 
They say it’s going to rain tomorrow.

you and they 1


you and they 2



We use it to talk about ourselves:

  • on the telephone:

Hello. It's George.

  • when other people cannot see us:

It's me. It's Mary. (Mary is knocking on the door.)

We also use it to talk about other people:

  • when we point people out for the first time:

Look. It's Paul McCartney.
Who's that? I think it's John's brother.

  • when we cannot see someone and we ask them for their name:

Hello. Who is it? (someone answering the phone)
Who is it? (someone about to answer the door)





My total score is 10 out of 15 (67%). That's not really bad. Am I right?

Hello Mg Aung Hein,

That's a good start! If you want more practice with personal pronouns, you might want to try our Starting Out video series. There are more exercises on pronouns there.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi, i am start for this course personal pronouns but understant the rule and can you help e one person and i test my self i have only 3 of 15 and i am block for me, can you help me ?and in test general i have b1

Hello guille,

We don't provide individual tutoring, but are happy to help you with specific questions about the exercises or the content of our pages. Please make your questions as specific as possible, explaining to us what you understand or don't understand.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

For us Japanese, grammar is much more easier than actual conversation, since grammar is nothing but a study, but conversation needs practice with people, and there are only a few native speakers around here..


I am so happy for joining this site. The all issues which exist in the site are too useful that contains informative content. I am really thankful for you all for building of such amazing site

Thanks Peter,

I 'll intentionally work on myself with you reply.

I'm sorry, please tell me what is different between it and they.

Hello Novita,

'it' is singular (it refers to one thing or animal) and 'they' is plural (it refers to more than one person, animal or thing).

If I have one car, I could say 'I parked it on the street'. If I have two cars, I could say 'I parked them on the street'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello everyone,

I have a challenge with the use of have and has. Please help.