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Personal pronouns

Level: beginner

We have both subject pronouns and object pronouns:

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

We use subject pronouns as the subject of a verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend.
It is raining.
She is on holiday.
We live in England.
They come
from London.

Be careful!

English clauses always have a subject.

His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.)
I'm waiting for my wife.She is late. (NOT Is late.)

The imperative, which is used for orders, invitations and requests, is an exception:

Go away.
Please come to dinner tomorrow.
Play it again, please.

If there is no other subject, we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

We use object pronouns as the object of a verb:

Can you help me, please?
I can see you.
She doesn't like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn't see us.

and after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I'll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don't take it from us.
I'll speak to them.

Subject and object pronouns 1


Subject and object pronouns 2


he, she and they

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman, we use they/them:

This is Jack. He's my brother. I don't think you have met him.
This is Angela. She's my sister. Have you met her before?
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.

he, she and they 1


he, she and they 2


you and they

We use you to talk about people in general, including the speaker and the hearer:

You can buy this book everywhere. = This book is on sale everywhere.
You can't park here. = Parking is not allowed here.

We use they/them to talk about institutions and organisations:

They serve good food here. (they = the restaurant)
Ask them for a cheaper ticket. (them = the airline)

especially the government and the authorities:

They don't let you smoke in here. 
They are going to increase taxes.
They are building a new motorway. 
They say it’s going to rain tomorrow.

you and they 1


you and they 2



We use it to talk about ourselves:

  • on the telephone:

Hello. It's George.

  • when other people cannot see us:

It's me. It's Mary. (Mary is knocking on the door.)

We also use it to talk about other people:

  • when we point people out for the first time:

Look. It's Paul McCartney.
Who's that? I think it's John's brother.

  • when we cannot see someone and we ask them for their name:

Hello. Who is it? (someone answering the phone)
Who is it? (someone about to answer the door)





Hello Kannika,

Welcome to LearnEnglish!  I'm glad you like the site and I wish you a lot of success in her learning here.  Remember that you can use the comments sections on each page to ask us questions and we'll try to help you as soon as we can.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

hi, everybody i am Ashathullah happy to meet all through I have problem in speaking & writing mail. please assist me thank you.

Hi Ashathullah,

Welcome to LearnEnglish! I'm sure other users will have some great suggestions for you, but I wanted to encourage you to browse the site. There are lots of resources here, and it's worth the time to look through the different sections to get an idea of what's there.

To improve both speaking and writing, it's important to speak and to write. We are currently developing some content on writing emails, but until it's released, you might want to take a look at our Business Magazine. Anywhere on LearnEnglish, you can also respond to other users in the comment sections, just as I am responding to you now. You can carry on a written conversation this way - see for example our page Ten years without books where others have done this.

To work on your speaking, you can use the transcripts of our audio and video materials as models (see especially Elementary Podcasts and Big City Small World for examples of conversation in English) that you can imitate to learn new expressions and improve your pronunciation. Talking to yourself may feel strange at first, but it can really help you develop fluency and build your confidence.

And please don't hesitate to ask us any questions you may have.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

I'm a new member. I'm studying English for IELTS(academic).I took 2 times. I got score overall 6(both times. reading score was 6.5). I need overall score 7 (academic module,listening I need 7.5). Is there any advice to improve my score?

Hello, everyone
 I am beginner. This sites contains lots of articles, video and audio that will help to improve our English  language.

Hello Romesh25,

Welcome to LearnEnglish! As you say, there really is a lot on the site. I just wanted to recommend that you browse through everything and then you can begin in whatever section you find most interesting or useful.

And if you ever have any questions, please don't hesitate to ask them.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

I don't sound lika native speaker..So is there any sort of resources on this site to neutralize or improve the accent? Gimme a link..Thanks

Hello James,

There are several resources for improving your pronunciation.  First of all, listening to good models is very important, so use the materials in the Listen & Watch section.  Try listening with the transcript and then repeating after the speakers, and then try saying it along with the speakers.  This will allow you to compare your pronunciation with the recording - not just the sounds, but also the rhythm, the connected elements of speech, the stress, the speed and so on.

Another useful resource is the British Council's Sounds Right app for iOS which shows English sounds in a convenient phonemic chart.  Don't worry if you don't have an iOS device, though, you can download the chart to your computer from this link.

I hope those are useful suggestions for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

"When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them", is something I haven't yet gone through..I always use he/she on my thank you.