You are here

Personal pronouns

Level: beginner

We have both subject pronouns and object pronouns:

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

We use subject pronouns as the subject of a verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend.
It is raining.
She is on holiday.
We live in England.
They come
from London.

Be careful!

English clauses always have a subject.

His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.)
I'm waiting for my wife.She is late. (NOT Is late.)

The imperative, which is used for orders, invitations and requests, is an exception:

Go away.
Please come to dinner tomorrow.
Play it again, please.

If there is no other subject, we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

We use object pronouns as the object of a verb:

Can you help me, please?
I can see you.
She doesn't like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn't see us.

and after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I'll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don't take it from us.
I'll speak to them.

Subject and object pronouns 1


Subject and object pronouns 2


he, she and they

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman, we use they/them:

This is Jack. He's my brother. I don't think you have met him.
This is Angela. She's my sister. Have you met her before?
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.

he, she and they 1


he, she and they 2


you and they

We use you to talk about people in general, including the speaker and the hearer:

You can buy this book everywhere. = This book is on sale everywhere.
You can't park here. = Parking is not allowed here.

We use they/them to talk about institutions and organisations:

They serve good food here. (they = the restaurant)
Ask them for a cheaper ticket. (them = the airline)

especially the government and the authorities:

They don't let you smoke in here. 
They are going to increase taxes.
They are building a new motorway. 
They say it’s going to rain tomorrow.

you and they 1


you and they 2



We use it to talk about ourselves:

  • on the telephone:

Hello. It's George.

  • when other people cannot see us:

It's me. It's Mary. (Mary is knocking on the door.)

We also use it to talk about other people:

  • when we point people out for the first time:

Look. It's Paul McCartney.
Who's that? I think it's John's brother.

  • when we cannot see someone and we ask them for their name:

Hello. Who is it? (someone answering the phone)
Who is it? (someone about to answer the door)





hi,everybody,nice to meet you!
i hope via the site i'll improve my skill in english

Hi sunshine_tl and welcome to LearnEnglish!

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

hello my friends I'm Ahmed i looking for learn English I'm very happy for this site and i wish for all to success 


Welcome to LearnEnglish!  Use the links at the top of the page to explore the site and so you can see what kinds of materials will be most useful for you.  If you have any questions, please remember that you can use the comments section on each page to ask them and we'll try to answer them for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Friends
I am new to this and  would like to learn Good English. I am just a beginner

Hello greeshmajose,

Welcome to LearnEnglish!  Take some time to explore the site using the links at the top of the page and see which materials are most useful for you.  Remember that you can post any questions you have in the comments and we'll try to answer them as quickly as possible.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi everyone!!!

Hi Civita,

Welcome to LearnEnglish!

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello friends!! I´m Carlos from Mexico city, it is a pleasure to stay here with you and i hope to learn a lot of topics in English and develope my skills to increase my English

Hello charly_2013,

Welcome to LearnEnglish!  Good luck with your learning.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team