Level: beginner

We have both subject pronouns and object pronouns:

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

We use subject pronouns as the subject of a verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend.
It is raining.
She is on holiday.
We live in England.
They come
from London.

Be careful!

English clauses always have a subject.

His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.)
I'm waiting for my wife.She is late. (NOT Is late.)

The imperative, which is used for orders, invitations and requests, is an exception:

Go away.
Please come to dinner tomorrow.
Play it again, please.

If there is no other subject, we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

We use object pronouns as the object of a verb:

Can you help me, please?
I can see you.
She doesn't like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn't see us.

and after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I'll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don't take it from us.
I'll speak to them.

Subject and object pronouns 1


Subject and object pronouns 2


he, she and they

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman, we use they/them:

This is Jack. He's my brother. I don't think you have met him.
This is Angela. She's my sister. Have you met her before?
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.

he, she and they 1


he, she and they 2


you and they

We use you to talk about people in general, including the speaker and the hearer:

You can buy this book everywhere. = This book is on sale everywhere.
You can't park here. = Parking is not allowed here.

We use they/them to talk about institutions and organisations:

They serve good food here. (they = the restaurant)
Ask them for a cheaper ticket. (them = the airline)

especially the government and the authorities:

They don't let you smoke in here. 
They are going to increase taxes.
They are building a new motorway. 
They say it’s going to rain tomorrow.

you and they 1


you and they 2



We use it to talk about ourselves:

  • on the telephone:

Hello. It's George.

  • when other people cannot see us:

It's me. It's Mary. (Mary is knocking on the door.)

We also use it to talk about other people:

  • when we point people out for the first time:

Look. It's Paul McCartney.
Who's that? I think it's John's brother.

  • when we cannot see someone and we ask them for their name:

Hello. Who is it? (someone answering the phone)
Who is it? (someone about to answer the door)





Dear :

I thinks correct !
* Everyone except he came to the rehearsal last night.

Hello hsumyatlinn,

We use object pronouns after 'except', which here is a preposition. So you should use 'him'. It's also common to use 'except for' in a sentence like this: 'Everyone except for him came ...'

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello AxelBeltran,

'Except' is followed by a direct object so 'him' is required here.

Please note that we generally do not provide answers for tasks from elsewhere. We're happy to try to help with our own materials and tasks but we really can't offer help with exercises which we did not write ourselves. If we tried then we would end up doing a lot of homework and tests for a lot of people!


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish

Hello. In the phrase "Have you talked to a lawyer? ___can tell you your rights."
Why are you using They when in the question you only speak about one lawyer. It should be He can tell you your rights. not They can tell you your rights.

Hello OutSider03,

This is explained above where it says

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

Since it's not clear whether the lawyer that you might speak with is a man or a woman, 'they' is used to reflect this uncertainty.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I need more exercise about this topic. Can anyone give it to me?

Hello chung,

On LearnEnglish you can find some more exercises on the topic of personal pronouns in our Starting Out series. I'm sure you could find plenty of others by doing an internet search for 'personal pronouns exercises' or something similar.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

My aunt's coming to stay next week. I hope ..... brings me a present.
Why used she? My aunt's is a plural word.

Hi Ayse
My aunt's coming to stay.... it's meaning (My aunt is coming to stay....)
it's not a plural word

Hello AyseNur16, the 's' after 'My aunt' is the 'is' , so 'My aunt's' is 'My aunt is' , it is not plural noun.