Level: beginner

We have both subject pronouns and object pronouns:

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

We use subject pronouns as the subject of a verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend.
It is raining.
She is on holiday.
We live in England.
They come
from London.

Be careful!

English clauses always have a subject.

His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.)
I'm waiting for my wife.She is late. (NOT Is late.)

The imperative, which is used for orders, invitations and requests, is an exception:

Go away.
Please come to dinner tomorrow.
Play it again, please.

If there is no other subject, we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

We use object pronouns as the object of a verb:

Can you help me, please?
I can see you.
She doesn't like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn't see us.

and after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I'll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don't take it from us.
I'll speak to them.

Subject and object pronouns 1


Subject and object pronouns 2


he, she and they

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman, we use they/them:

This is Jack. He's my brother. I don't think you have met him.
This is Angela. She's my sister. Have you met her before?
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.

he, she and they 1


he, she and they 2


you and they

We use you to talk about people in general, including the speaker and the hearer:

You can buy this book everywhere. = This book is on sale everywhere.
You can't park here. = Parking is not allowed here.

We use they/them to talk about institutions and organisations:

They serve good food here. (they = the restaurant)
Ask them for a cheaper ticket. (them = the airline)

especially the government and the authorities:

They don't let you smoke in here. 
They are going to increase taxes.
They are building a new motorway. 
They say it’s going to rain tomorrow.

you and they 1


you and they 2



We use it to talk about ourselves:

  • on the telephone:

Hello. It's George.

  • when other people cannot see us:

It's me. It's Mary. (Mary is knocking on the door.)

We also use it to talk about other people:

  • when we point people out for the first time:

Look. It's Paul McCartney.
Who's that? I think it's John's brother.

  • when we cannot see someone and we ask them for their name:

Hello. Who is it? (someone answering the phone)
Who is it? (someone about to answer the door)





Hello, I'm back again I had a problem with online dictionary of Exford , and I tried to download some of them but they are not accessable with screen reader . And for the exercise how can I know my mestakes to correct them for me I get 87

Hello techtou2014,

There should be a button at the bottom of the exercise marked 'Finish'. When you click this you will see how many questions you got right, and you will have the choice of finishing or trying again. If you choose 'OK' then you will see a total score and you will be able to see the full correct answers via the 'Show answers' button.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Good evening
I wish to report that I have the same problem with the exercise as sadmovie74. I can do only the first item. When I go to the next item, the field to introduce the answer get freezed or is closed. I coudn't finish the exercise.
I have windows 7 and used internet explorer and google chrome with the same result.

Thank you

Hello diesorg,

We're sorry for the inconvenience, but thanks for reporting this, as the fact that you're having the same problem as sadmovie74 helps us get a sense for the scope of the problem.

While we look into this, could you please tell us if you have the same problem on other pages with a similar exercise, e.g. Task 4 on Elementary Podcasts Series 4 Episode 16? The answers for 1–3 are: 'out of', 'going to' and 'mark' – are you able to get past the first question?

Thanks again for your help with this.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi teacher!
Why didn't I do exercise. I just do the first sentence and I can't do the second sentence? Program don't permit me to do the second sentence.

Hello sadmovie74,

Did you press the > button near the bottom of the exercise? That should advance you to the next question. If that doesn't work for you, please let us know what kind of device and browser you're using and we'll try to fix this as soon as possible. Thanks!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi teacher!
Thanks for your answer. I used computer to do exercise and I pressed the > button near the bottom of the exercise but I can't do the next question. I can't explain for you. If you can, we can contact by teamview, you'll see my screen computer to help me. Thanks you.

Hello sadmovie,

OK, that's strange and thanks for telling us. Could you please tell me what kind of operating system your computer uses (Windows 8? Windows 10? OSX? Ubuntu?) and what browser (Firefox, Internet Explorer, etc.) you're using? If you know how to see what version the browser is, that'd also be helpful.

I'm very sorry for the inconvenience and we'll certainly try to fix this as soon as we can. Thanks for your help with this.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello teacher,
My computer uses windows 7 and I'm using Google Chrome. Thanks you.
Best wishes.

Hello sadmovie74,

I've just checked this page in Chrome on a Windows 7 computer and the exercise worked for me. I'll report this to our technical team, but if we cannot reproduce the error, it's going to be difficult to fix. In the meantime, could you please try this exercise using another browser?

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team