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Present simple

Level: beginner

The present tense is the base form of the verb:

I work in London. 

But with the third person singular (she/he/it), we add an –s:

She works in London.

Present simple questions

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?

Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?

Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

We use do and does to make questions with the present simple. We use does for the third person singular (she/he/it) and do for the others.

We use do and does with question words like where, what and when:

Where do Angela and Rita live?
What does Angela do?
When does Rita usually get up?

But questions with who often don't use do or does:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Here are some useful questions. Try to remember them:

Where do you come from?
Do you come from …?
Where do you live?
Do you live in ...?
What work do you do?
Do you like …?
Do you know …?

 
Present simple questions 1

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Present simple questions 2

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Present simple questions 3

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Present simple questions 4

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Present simple negatives

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis but I don't like football. (don't = do not)
I don't live in London now.
I don't play the piano but I play the guitar.
They don't work at the weekend.
John doesn't live in Manchester.
(doesn't = does not)
Angela doesn't drive to work. She goes by bus.

We use do and does to make negatives with the present simple. We use doesn't for the third person singular (she/he/it) and don't for the others.

Present simple negatives 1

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Present simple negatives 2

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Present simple and present time

We use the present simple to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I'm nineteen years old.
I'm a student.
He lives in London.

  • something that happens regularly in the present:

I play football every weekend.

  • something that is always true:

The human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.

We often use adverbs of frequency like sometimes, always and never with the present simple:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

Here are some useful sentences. Complete them so that they are true for you and try to remember them:

My name is … .
I'm … years old.
I come from … .
I live in … .
I'm a(n) … .
I … at the weekend.
I often … .
I never … .

Complete these sentences so that they are true for a friend and try to remember them:

Her/His name is … .
She's/He's … years old.
She/He comes from … .
She/He lives in … .
She's/He's a(n) … .
She/He … at the weekend.
She/He often … .
She/He never … .
Present simple 1

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Present simple 2

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Present simple 3

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Present simple 4

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Present simple 5

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Present simple 6

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Present simple 7

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Level: intermediate

Present simple and future time

We also use the present simple to talk about:

  • something that is fixed in the future:

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 19.45 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.

  • something in the future after time words like when, after and before and after if and unless:

I'll talk to John when I see him.
You must finish your work before you go home.

If it rains we'll get wet.
He won't come unless you ask him.

Present simple 8

ex. Present simple 8

Level: advanced

We sometimes use the present simple to talk about the past when we are: 

  • telling a story:

I was walking down the street the other day when suddenly this man comes up to me and tells me he has lost his wallet and asks me to lend him some money. Well, he looks a bit dangerous so I'm not sure what to do and while we are standing there 

  • summarising a book, film or play:

Harry Potter goes to Hogwarts School. He has two close friends, Hermione and …

Shakespeare's Hamlet is the Prince of Denmark. One night he sees his father's ghost. The ghost tells him he has been murdered 

Basic level

Comments

Hi,
We use Present Simple to talk about

1. Something which is true in present.
Examples:
he is 19 yrs old.
She is doctor.
He is tall

2. Some thing which is always true
Example:
Human body contains 206 bones

From above i understood if something is true in present the IS makes the sentence If some thing is always true then sentence forms with base form of a verb

Is my understanding correct?
If so, Below sentence also always true but they formed with IS
It is a car.
America is a country.
That is tree

Please clarify my doubts.

Regards,
Santhosh.

Hello Santhosh

The verb 'contains' is not the base form of the verb -- 'contain' is the base form. Both 'contains' and 'is' are the third person singular form of the verb 'be'.

You can use most any verb in the present simple to express either something true in the present or something which is always true.

Hope this helps.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello
The questions with who often don't use do or does.
However, Who does this umbrella belong to is correct.
Please could you comment it?

Hello Miss Victoria,

Subject questions do not use an extra auxiliary verb like do or does. For example:

Who owns this umbrella?

(Paul owns this umbrella)

[a subject question asking about the subject of the verb own]

 

Object questions use an auxiliary verb with inversion:

Who does this umbrella belong to?

(This umbrella belongs to Paul)

[an object question asking about the object of the verb and preposition belong to]

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi
My question is the difference between these two sentenses.
I am from Manchester .
I come from Manchester.

Hello Helen Mg Mg

In another specific context, there could be a difference in meaning, but assuming that someone is saying where they live, there is no difference in meaning here. We often use 'be' and 'come' in a sentence like this, but they mean the same thing.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Simple present: its formation is very easy ,the present verb form is used For example
Susan lives in london(Susan lives in london)
Present progressive: The auxiliary to be is used plus the gerund of the main verb that is ,the form ending in- ing.
For example
I go to cinema (I am going to the cinema ).

Personally it seems to me that starting with a good use of the present simple is a great progress in the development of English thanks to its usefulness and its induction to the world of English.
It is very interesting to progress with this using English in activities of our liking.

I think that the present simple is very important to practice and clarify some doubts I really like that topic just practice it more.

I think that the simple present is very important and it helped me a lot to practice and clarify some doubts.

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