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Present simple

Level: beginner

The present tense is the base form of the verb:

I work in London. 

But with the third person singular (she/he/it), we add an –s:

She works in London.

Present simple questions

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?

Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?

Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

We use do and does to make questions with the present simple. We use does for the third person singular (she/he/it) and do for the others.

We use do and does with question words like where, what and when:

Where do Angela and Rita live?
What does Angela do?
When does Rita usually get up?

But questions with who often don't use do or does:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Here are some useful questions. Try to remember them:

Where do you come from?
Do you come from …?
Where do you live?
Do you live in ...?
What work do you do?
Do you like …?
Do you know …?

Present simple questions 1


Present simple questions 2


Present simple questions 3


Present simple questions 4


Present simple negatives

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis but I don't like football. (don't = do not)
I don't live in London now.
I don't play the piano but I play the guitar.
They don't work at the weekend.
John doesn't live in Manchester.
(doesn't = does not)
Angela doesn't drive to work. She goes by bus.

We use do and does to make negatives with the present simple. We use doesn't for the third person singular (she/he/it) and don't for the others.

Present simple negatives 1


Present simple negatives 2


Present simple and present time

We use the present simple to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I'm nineteen years old.
I'm a student.
He lives in London.

  • something that happens regularly in the present:

I play football every weekend.

  • something that is always true:

The human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.

We often use adverbs of frequency like sometimes, always and never with the present simple:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

Here are some useful sentences. Complete them so that they are true for you and try to remember them:

My name is … .
I'm … years old.
I come from … .
I live in … .
I'm a(n) … .
I … at the weekend.
I often … .
I never … .

Complete these sentences so that they are true for a friend and try to remember them:

Her/His name is … .
She's/He's … years old.
She/He comes from … .
She/He lives in … .
She's/He's a(n) … .
She/He … at the weekend.
She/He often … .
She/He never … .
Present simple 1


Present simple 2


Present simple 3


Present simple 4


Present simple 5


Present simple 6


Present simple 7


Level: intermediate

Present simple and future time

We also use the present simple to talk about:

  • something that is fixed in the future:

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 19.45 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.

  • something in the future after time words like when, after and before and after if and unless:

I'll talk to John when I see him.
You must finish your work before you go home.

If it rains we'll get wet.
He won't come unless you ask him.

Present simple 8

ex. Present simple 8

Level: advanced

We sometimes use the present simple to talk about the past when we are: 

  • telling a story:

I was walking down the street the other day when suddenly this man comes up to me and tells me he has lost his wallet and asks me to lend him some money. Well, he looks a bit dangerous so I'm not sure what to do and while we are standing there 

  • summarising a book, film or play:

Harry Potter goes to Hogwarts School. He has two close friends, Hermione and …

Shakespeare's Hamlet is the Prince of Denmark. One night he sees his father's ghost. The ghost tells him he has been murdered 


I need some help in this sentence:
Why...(you/wear) your coat today? It's very warm.
What should I put in this sentence: present simple or present continuous?

Thank you for your help.

Hello WhiteCollar,

When we speak about the clothes we have on at the time of speaking (not habits), we use a continuous form. So here the present continuous is the correct form.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


I heard this conversation today and was wondering about present simple use here:

(John to Jack on a phone) ''Ask him if he is mister Smith''

(Jack to Brian) ''Are you mister Smith?''

(Brian to Jack) ''Yes, I am.''

(Jack to John on the phone)''He says he is.''

Why isn't ''said'' used there? Could it mean as present perfect is used when something's just happened and the time gone is very little?

Thank you.

Hello MCWSL,

You're right in thinking that a past simple form is common in reported speech. In this case, as you rightly suspect, what's being reported has literally just happened and so the present simple is used. It might help to think of the conversation as still happening -- it seems it may even continue, i.e. John may ask Mr Smith another question through Jack, i.e. this present moment is still happening.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, I want to know if this is still a present simple tense

Do you ever learn from your mistakes?

Thank you.

Hello Aoll212,

Yes, the form of the verb there is simple present.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

is any here who is talking with me and correct my grammer

hi sir
iam aggravaute from the narrow minded people
iam confuse about this sentence is it correct

Hello loida,

That sentence is not grammatically correct in standard British English. You can say 'aggravated' but need a different preposition ('I am aggravated with narrow-minded people'). Also, note that 'aggravate' is often used as a verb: 'Narrow-minded people aggravate me'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi sir i want to improve my english grammer