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Present simple

Level: beginner

The present tense is the base form of the verb:

I work in London. 

But with the third person singular (she/he/it), we add an –s:

She works in London.

Present simple questions

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?

Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?

Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

We use do and does to make questions with the present simple. We use does for the third person singular (she/he/it) and do for the others.

We use do and does with question words like where, what and when:

Where do Angela and Rita live?
What does Angela do?
When does Rita usually get up?

But questions with who often don't use do or does:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Here are some useful questions. Try to remember them:

Where do you come from?
Do you come from …?
Where do you live?
Do you live in ...?
What work do you do?
Do you like …?
Do you know …?

Present simple questions 1


Present simple questions 2


Present simple questions 3


Present simple questions 4


Present simple negatives

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis but I don't like football. (don't = do not)
I don't live in London now.
I don't play the piano but I play the guitar.
They don't work at the weekend.
John doesn't live in Manchester.
(doesn't = does not)
Angela doesn't drive to work. She goes by bus.

We use do and does to make negatives with the present simple. We use doesn't for the third person singular (she/he/it) and don't for the others.

Present simple negatives 1


Present simple negatives 2


Present simple and present time

We use the present simple to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I'm nineteen years old.
I'm a student.
He lives in London.

  • something that happens regularly in the present:

I play football every weekend.

  • something that is always true:

The human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.

We often use adverbs of frequency like sometimes, always and never with the present simple:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

Here are some useful sentences. Complete them so that they are true for you and try to remember them:

My name is … .
I'm … years old.
I come from … .
I live in … .
I'm a(n) … .
I … at the weekend.
I often … .
I never … .

Complete these sentences so that they are true for a friend and try to remember them:

Her/His name is … .
She's/He's … years old.
She/He comes from … .
She/He lives in … .
She's/He's a(n) … .
She/He … at the weekend.
She/He often … .
She/He never … .
Present simple 1


Present simple 2


Present simple 3


Present simple 4


Present simple 5


Present simple 6


Present simple 7


Level: intermediate

Present simple and future time

We also use the present simple to talk about:

  • something that is fixed in the future:

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 19.45 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.

  • something in the future after time words like when, after and before and after if and unless:

I'll talk to John when I see him.
You must finish your work before you go home.

If it rains we'll get wet.
He won't come unless you ask him.

Present simple 8

ex. Present simple 8

Level: advanced

We sometimes use the present simple to talk about the past when we are: 

  • telling a story:

I was walking down the street the other day when suddenly this man comes up to me and tells me he has lost his wallet and asks me to lend him some money. Well, he looks a bit dangerous so I'm not sure what to do and while we are standing there 

  • summarising a book, film or play:

Harry Potter goes to Hogwarts School. He has two close friends, Hermione and …

Shakespeare's Hamlet is the Prince of Denmark. One night he sees his father's ghost. The ghost tells him he has been murdered 


Hello Abdorawa,
You can see the answer to the first part of your question on this page ('something that is fixed in the future').  The second part of your question asks about 'shall have', and I answered this same question on another page for you (on a page about the present continuous).  If you look there, you'll find the answer.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

hello,,, can anybody help to teach me? thz.

in sentence "the train leaves at 10.30 this morning". why we write leaves why not leave ??

no one replied to my question  

who has an idea about teaching through games

Hello badr2,
I think that's a question best asked on our sister-site for teachers:
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Can anyone comments on my sentences below,

1) John, as well as Joe like football.
2) John and Joe like football.
3) Both of them like football.
4) Either John or Joe likes football.
5) Either John or Joe's friends like football.
6) Neither John nor Joe likes football.
7) Neither John nor Joe's friends like football.
8) One of Joe's friends likes football.
9) Joe, with his friends like football.
10) Everyone in the class like football.
11) No one in the class like football.

Any problems with the above sentences in term of Singular or Plural Verb of "like".
Can someone explains?
Millions Thanks in advance

Dear Mydearfriend73,

your comment posted long time ago but it is interesting and I have noticed some mistakes that I think you made.
The last two sentences need to be in third person because "everyone, no one, etc" are threated as singular". There are exceptions, but grammatically is singular verb used. I think the following sentences are correct:
10. Everyone in the class likes football.
11. No one in the class likes football.
If I am wrong, I hope teacher corrects me.

no problems . great