Level: intermediate

There are two tenses in English: past and present.

The present tense is used to talk about the present and to talk about the future.

There are four present tense forms:

Present simple I work
Present continuous I am working
Present perfect I have worked
Present perfect continuous I have been working

We can use all these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

London is the capital of Britain.
He works at McDonald’s.
He is working at McDonald's.
He has worked there for three months now.
He has been working there for three months now.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 17.00.
I'll phone you when I get home.
He is meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I'll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

Present tense 1
Present tense 2

Level: advanced

We can use present forms to talk about the past:

  • when we are telling a story:

Well, it's a lovely day and I'm just walking down the street when I see this funny guy walking towards me. Obviously he's been drinking, because he's moving from side to side …

  • when we are summarising something we have read, heard or seen:

I love Ian Rankin's novels. He writes about this detective called Rebus. Rebus lives in Edinburgh and he's a brilliant detective, but he's always getting into trouble. In one book, he gets suspended and they tell him to stop working on this case. But he takes no notice …

Present tense 3
Present tense 4
Intermediate level


Hello, Peter.

I understand the use of the verb " rise" and a the verb rise has no passive because it's intransitive verb. we cannot say , the sun is risen or the sun was risen .Is this rule for all intransitive verb????????????
Still I have two questions?
1-" would rise" is future .
Can you give me example about future with "would " using the verb rise in a sentence.( I know "will" is future, but I don't know about would)
2- I understand if we change the sentence the meaning of the verb remains one, and only the time changes to past,present, future.
Can you give me example of use the verb ( rise ) in the present tense ( present simple, present continuous, and present perfect.

Thanks in advance.

Hello sdgnour2014,

It is possible to say "The sun was/is risen", though it is not something you will hear in ordinary situations in modern English - it would sound quite strange in most contexts. This is not a case of the passive voice but rather a simple copula, i.e. subject + be + predicate (in this case, an adjective). The past participle can sometimes be used as an adjective.

"would rise" has different uses depending on its context. I'd suggest you take a look at our will or would page for more information on this. I'm not sure what you mean in your second question; some example sentences with this verb are: "The sun rises at 6, The sun is rising (now), The sun has already risen".

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

thank you Kirk

I understand now that I can use ( rise ) as present simple, present continuous and present perfect.
1- My First question is can I use the verb with past simple, past continuous and past perfect.
The sun rose at 6, The sun was rising, The sun had already risen.
2- Can I say also, The price is rise, The price is rising, The price has already risen, The price rose, The price was rising, The price had risen.

Hi sdgnour2014,

Yes, you can the verb rise in any tense as far as I know. It can be used with a variety of subjects (sun, prices, etc.). Why don't you do an internet search in inverted commas for each form you wonder about - you'll see lots of examples that way.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there,,,hi Peter,,,hi Kirk.
You know what...l wanna write diplom work, this year l'll graduate university..and could you give some advice?But l cannot how to begin this work and in what direction l'll write...but l've problem about english in our country,problem is phonetics and dialects!But it seems difficult for me to write...and l need help your advice, suggestion!
Best wishes!

Dear concern

He works at McDonald’s. He has worked there for three months now.
He is working at McDonald’s. He has been working there for three months now.

What are the different between those sentence?Are they are same meaning?


Hello meheee2008uiu,

These sentences basically mean the same thing, and can express slight differences depending on their context. Have you looked through our pages on the verb forms used in these sentences: present simple (works), present continuous (is working) and present perfect (has worked and has been working), as well as our page on talking about the present? The different meanings and uses of these verb forms are explained in detail there.

If the difference between these sentences still isn't clear after that, please let us know.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team


My name is kamruzzamn. I want to sit IELTS test next month. I am very week about academic writting. How can I improve my writing with in short time, and give me suggestion how can I improve my grade.

Hi Kamruzzamn,

It's hard for me to give you advice about improving your grade without knowing a lot more about your current level and your strengths and weaknesses.  The best thing for you to do, I think, to improve in a short time with regard to the IELTS exam is to test yourself with some practice exam papers, and then work on the areas in which you are weakest.  You can find practice papers (with answers), plus exam tips and exam information, on the British Council's Take IELTS site - go to the 'Prepare' section and look at the various pages there.

I hope that is helpful for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk.
Thank you for your suggestion,now l'll try to watch english movies and now l'm listening elementary podcast very useful,but whatever l've no practise with anybody to talkin english and relax with it.All what l want to say and enjoy it happens inside me...and when l've free time l'll enter this site.if l have any mistakes sorry..l'll try to write and to say correctly!
Best wishes!