Level: intermediate

There are two tenses in English: past and present.

The present tense is used to talk about the present and to talk about the future.

There are four present tense forms:

Present simple I work
Present continuous I am working
Present perfect I have worked
Present perfect continuous I have been working

We can use all these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

London is the capital of Britain.
He works at McDonald’s.
He is working at McDonald's.
He has worked there for three months now.
He has been working there for three months now.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 17.00.
I'll phone you when I get home.
He is meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I'll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

Present tense 1
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Present tense 2
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Level: advanced

We can use present forms to talk about the past:

  • when we are telling a story:

Well, it's a lovely day and I'm just walking down the street when I see this funny guy walking towards me. Obviously he's been drinking, because he's moving from side to side …

  • when we are summarising something we have read, heard or seen:

I love Ian Rankin's novels. He writes about this detective called Rebus. Rebus lives in Edinburgh and he's a brilliant detective, but he's always getting into trouble. In one book, he gets suspended and they tell him to stop working on this case. But he takes no notice …

Present tense 3
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Present tense 4
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Intermediate level

Comments

if u plz can u undersatand me slowly when i can use past simple and past perfect and present perfect and present and past perfect continuos as all of them happened in the pas 
i has confelct  . thnx alot

Hello Amal.mahmoud,

That's a lot of information to put in one answer!  I think the best thing for you to do is to look at the relevant pages and exercises for each form.  If you go to our grammar section then you can find many links.  For example, here are the links to English verb formsincluding links to other forms, such as the past continuous and present perfect continuous.

I would say one more thing, however, and that is that concentrating on particular grammar forms does not necessarily help us to improve the most.  Sometimes focusing on listening and reading skills, and on building vocabulary, is a more productive way to work.  Perhaps you'll find our Elementary Podcasts useful, for example - the episodes have transcripts so you can read as well as listen and there are exercises with each episode, including on grammar.

I hope that is helpful for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

HELLO!
Could anyone please explain me about these tenses and example.
We use present Indefinite tense to talk about things that will happen in future. Examples: 1.My little sister starts school tomorrow.  2.My family moves to a new house next month. We also use present continuous to talk about things that will happen in future examples: 1. We are going to London next Sunday. 2.He is taking the exams tomorrow. 
Please kindly help me about how to differentiate these examples and how to use tenses in correct way in this situation. Because i don't understand the difference between these tenses and these examples.
please explain me in details
Thanks

Hello saima khan,

I think you can find a clear explanation of exactly these sentences here.  In general, we use the present simple (starts, moves) to describe events in the future which are fixed or timetabled in some way, especially if they are part of a regular and/or repeated sequence.  We use the present continuous (are going, is taking) to describe arranged events, where the actors have agreed as to what they want to do in some way.

However, as I think you can see from the explanations above, which form we use is highly dependent on the context.  The speaker often has several forms which would be correct in a given situation, and can choose between them according to how he or she sees the particular context, or what he or she wants to emphasise.  For example, all of the following sentences are correct; which one we use depends on the particular context and our own emphasis:

My family moves to a new house next month.

My family will move to a new house next month.

My family is moving to a new house next month.

My family is going to move to a new house next month.

My family will be moving to a new house next month.

My family will have moved to a new house next month.

Without knowing the context of your sentences it is impossible to say which of these is most likely or most natural.

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.  It is a complex aspect of English!

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

hey,can someone help me to know the uses of the present tense in business tips?

Hi loraa sumz,

I'm afraid I don't understand what you mean by business tips. Could you give a couple of examples of these? I'm sure we can help you to understand them.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi
What is  the correct sentence to  ask in present simple or present continuous :
Does she want to go home now?
OR
Is she wanting to go home now?
Kindly advise 

Hi Zahir Fareed,
That depends on the context in which the sentence is used, but in general, the verb want is not used in the present continuous, so the first sentence will be much more often correct than the second one. When verbs like want that are not normally used in the continuous aspect are used in the continuous, they generally indicate some kind of change or development.
You can read more detailed explanations and get more practice with the present forms on our pages on the present simple, present continuous, and talking about the present.
Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi! Can you please give us some examples of clauses when present tenses are used to talk about the past?
Thank you for all the work and in advance for the answer to my request!

Hi Anca_SzS,
We use present tenses to talk about the past when, for example, we are telling jokes or anecdotes and we want them to sound immediate and exciting:
'I was sitting in the cafe yesterday when a man came in and...' (standard past tense)
'I'm sitting in the cafe yesterday when a man comes in and...' (present tense used to describe past action)
It is also used, in a similar way, by sports commentators:
'Messi passes to Iniesta who runs with the ball...'
I hope that clarifies it for you.
Best wishes,
 
Peter
The LearnEnglish Team

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