Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. We often use them to avoid repeating the nouns that they refer to. Pronouns have different forms for the different ways we use them. 

Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how pronouns are used. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises.  

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Recently, I was reading a one act play in which there were two characters, an old man and a boy of fourteen. The old man says to the boy that young kids come here to steal apples, but he (the boy) is not so young.

What does the old man mean, the kids coming there to steal apples are younger than this boy or older?

Hi Adya's

I'm afraid it's difficult for me to say, as I haven't read the play. It's not clear to me, for example, whether the old man is including the boy he's speaking to in the category of 'young kids' or not. Some old people will call any child a 'young kid' since they are so much older than the young people.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk
Really appreciate your prompt response. In order to make the context clear, I would rather give the exact dialogues.

Derry: I'd not come to steal anything.

Mr Lamb: No, no. The young lads steal....scrump the apples. You're not so young.

Now I want to know whether Mr Lamb thought of Derry as younger than "young lads" or older.

Hope I have put the question in an intelligible manner.


Hello Adya's,

From the context, it looks to me like Mr. Lamb thinks Derry is older than the young lads who steal apples.



The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks a lot.

Hi Sir,
I am learning Cambridge Dictionary for Noun section ,
there are major class of Noun are " Common Noun, Proper Noun, Concrete Noun & Abstract Noun". Sir I gotta know that what About Collective Noun,Count Noun & Uncounted Noun? is they are class of Noun also ?

Hi Imran 26,

I would suggest our pages on count nouns and uncount nouns for those two. Collective nouns are words like 'team' or 'family' that refers to a group of people or things.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Sir,
I am still confused with it. I am school teacher and I taught to my student that there are four major Classes of NOUN(with reference to Cambridge Dictionary ), including Common,Proper, Concrete & Abstract Noun.
My Students ask to me "what are the minor class of Noun"? What are their uses?

Hi Imran 26,

Nouns are classified in different ways depending on how they are viewed. For example, if we look at the object that a noun refers to, perhaps the most basic classification would be concrete vs abstract, since one is physical and the other is not. But if we look at nouns in terms of morphology, one important distinction is count vs uncount nouns. Which of these ways is the correct way? I'm not sure we can talk about 'correct' here -- instead, I'd recommend thinking about which way will help your stuents.

I don't mean to confuse you further, but, just for example, see the Oxford Dictionary's Types of nouns page or this page from a university lecture on Noun classes to get an idea of what I mean. I think it might be good to ask yourself what you want your students to be able to do when they learn the different types of nouns and then make a decision from there.

I'm sorry not to give you a more definitive answer, but I hope this helps you.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

thank you Sir, so nice of you.